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87 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cro-Magnons
an early form of modern human
hieroglyphics
"sacred writings" w/ some pics.
Fertile Crescent
land from Med. Sea to Persian Gulf
cuneiform
"wedge shaped" form of writing
ziggurats
sumerian temple
Hammurabi
created new mespotamian kingdom
Phoenicians
Neolithic agricultural revolution
1st agricultural revolution
civilization
large group of ppl w/ same religion….. Etc.
irrigation
method to water crops
division of labor
to divide work
money economy
an economy that uses currency
Phoenicians were famous for their
alphabet
Ethical monotheism is a system of
belief in one god
The earliest known Greek civilization were the
minoans
Most Greek city-states developed around a
polis
The Odyssey tells the story of the
journey
Sparta won the Peloponnesian War by joining forces with
the persians
The development of fire and clothing meant that prehistoric people could
travel
The Rosetta stone was important because it
decoded heiroglyphics
Hatshepsut was unusual among Egyptian rulers because
she was a woman
The Code of Hammurabi was
harsh
Alexander the Great desired to
rule
Pax Romana means
peace of rome
The Goths were tribes from
germany
The Justinian Code preserved
roman laws
Charlemagne was declared
king of the Franks
The Treaty of Verdun
separated Charlemagne's empire into 3 parts
Primogeniture is the custom of passing on land to the
oldest son
In medieval times, most people were likely to have contact with
priest
Pope Urban II called on Europeans to join a Crusade against
unholy land
The most important purpose of early banks was
to get money
The War of Roses was about a war over....
civil conflicts
The Treaty of Westphalia ended which war
thirty years' war
humanists
ppl who study clasic lit. works
perspective
point of view
Gutenberg
he invented the printer
Erasmus
best known Christian humanist
Indulgences
release from all or part of a sin
Martin Luther
90 thesis
theocracy
gov't by divine authority
In Ptolemy's geocentric universe meant
earth was center of universe
Newton's work explained
the laws of motion
The passage of slaves from Africa to the new world became known as
the middle passage
Mercantilism meant colonies were to serve what purposes (that is plural!)
trade
The Columbian Exchange was
slave trade
The Treaty of Tordesillas determined
In England the Slorious Revolution gave rise to
a constitutional monarchy
Who was the "Sun King" that defined absolutism
louis 13
Stamp Act-
tax on paper; direct tax affected everyone
Martial Law -
King George -
Samuel Adams -
led Sons of Liberty
Intolerable Acts -
quartering act and closing boston harbor
Townshend Acts –
indirect taxes on glass, lead, paint, and tea
Boston Tea Party –
rebels dump tea into water
Boston Massacre –
british killed 5 or 6 colonists
Committees of Correspondence –
Continental Congress
colonies joined to form it
The Declaration of Independence gave whom what rights
americans the rights of man
Who wrote Common Sense
thomas paine
The turning point battle in the American Revolution was
at Saratoga
Bourgeoisie -
businessmen
relics of feudalism -
aristocratic privelages
sans-culottes-
ordinary ppl w/ out fancy clothes
Third Estates –
workers; 90% of pop.; taxes to lord, king, and church
First Estates –
clergy; 1% of pop. No tax paid to king
Second Estates –
nobles; 9% of pop.; authority over pesants
Estates General
Discontent in France was caused by what reasons
taxes
France's debt prior the French Revolution was caused by
bad harvest
The Reign of Terror suppressed or was aimed against
was and economic problems
What was the Tennis Court Oath
3rd estate wants more; creates nat'l assembly
What was Napoleon's Continental System designed to do
defeat britain
Describe the development of Robespierre's rule in revolutionary France
tried to rid france of domestic enemies
In what battle was Napoleon finally defeated
waterloo
Napoleon's Code of Law guaranteed what to whom
religious freedom, rights, jury, = in eyes of law to all ppl
What were the 2 main reason's for Napoleon's collapse as a ruler
great britain and nationalism
The benefits of the Nile River valley included regular flooding and fertile soil
TRUE
The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers were marked by unpredictable floods
FALSE
Sparta's strength came at the cost of individual freedom
TRUE
The Punic Wars decreased the size of Rome
FALSE
The Catholic church lost power during the Middle Ages
FALSE
The Crusades helped make France into a trading power
FALSE
Increased trade in the Middle Ages helped the Black Death spread quickly around the world
TRUE
Renaissance scholars analyzed classical literature in terms of Christian beliefs.
TRUE
The Duke of Wellington defeated Napoleon at Waterloo.
TRUE