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87 Cards in this Set

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Government where the power of the crown is unchecked.
Absolute Monarchy
Another name for the Age of Monarchs.
Age of Absolutism.
Strongest nation in Europe during the 1500s and early 1600s.
Spain
Was both the Holy Roman Emperor and the king of Spain.
Charles V
Dynasty of Charles V and Philip II.
Hapsburg
When Charles V divided his empire his son Phillip II became _________.
King of Spain
Strongest monarch during Spanish supremacy
Philip II
Philip II and other absolute monarchs believed they were kings by ________.
Divine Right
The idea that royal power is granted by God.
Divine Right of Kings
He used wealth (gold & silver) from colonies to build the largest and strongest army in Europe.
Philip II
Philip II saw Spain as the defender of the __________.
Catholic Faith
Philip II attempted to force all non-Catholics to ________________.
convert or leave Spain
Was used as a reign of terror to extract all non-catholic elements from Spain.
Spanish Inquisition
This source of wealth enabled Spain to become the strongest nation in Europe.
American Colonies
Philip II sent it to invade England.
Spanish Armada
It's defeat in 1588 was the beginning of Spain's decline as the leading European power.
Spanish Armada
In the late 1500s, France was torn by reiigious conflict between ___________.
Catholics & Huguenots
French Protestant Calvinists
Huguenots
First Bourbon King, Huguenot who converted to Catholicism
Henry of Navarre/Henry IV
Established the Edict Nantes
Henry IV
Gave French Protestants religious freedom in 1598.
Edict of Nantes
Real Ruler during the reign of Louis XIII
Cardinal Richelieu
Involved Catholic France in the 30 years war on the side of the protestants.
Cardinal Richelieu
Was triggered by a rebellion of Bohemian protestants.
Thirty Years War
Started over religion ended up over the balance of power.
Thirty Years War
Ended the 30 years war.
Peace of Westphalia
Made France the strongest country in Europe
Peace of Westphalia
Louis XIV Minister of Finance
Colbert
A tax on imports
Protective tariff
Sun King ruled France from 1643 to 1715.
Louis XIV
He weakened the power of the nobles by inviting them to live in Luxury in his palace.
Louis XIV
Strongest French Monarch
Louis XIV
In 1685 Louis XIV revoked the _______.
Edict of Nantes
Strongest nation in Europe during the 1600's
France
Small nations band together to keep a strong nation from dominating.
Balance of Power
War fought to Keep Louis XIV's grandson off the throne of Spain
War of Spanish Succession
Ended the War of Spanish Succession
Treaty of Utrecht
Broke French Treasury and military power
War of Spanish Succession
Prevented the alliance of France and Spain
Treaty of Utrecht
His policies brought France near financial ruin and created class conflict
Louis XIV
Philip II's English rival.
Elizabeth I
Ruled England from 1558 to 1603.
Elizabeth I
English captains that captured Spanish Treasure ships and defeated the Spanish Armada.
Sea Dogs
Ruled England from 1558 to 1603, last Tudor monarch.
Elizabeth I
First Stuart Monarch believed in the Divine Right of Kings.
James I
Those who believed in the Divine Right of Kings believed Monarchs were only answerable to ___.
God
Succeeded James I as King of England.
Charles I
His reign ended in England's civil war
Charles I
It was fought over who should rule England: Monarch or Parliament.
English Civil War
Those who supported Charles I in the English Civil War
Cavaliers
Those who supported Parliament in the English Civil War
Roundheads
Roundheads were mainly _____.(religion)
Puritans
Led parliament's army to victory in the English Civil War.
Oliver Cromwell
The English Parliament tried and executed _________.
Charles I
The House of Commons abolished monarchy and declared Engand a republic called the ____.
commonwealth
Cromwell drove out Parliament and set up a ________.
military dictatorship
Name for Cromwell's military dictatorship
Protectorate
Cromwell's dictatorship enforced a _______.
Puritan moral Code
Cromwell did not tolerate open worship for ___.
Catholics
Richard Cromwell succeeded his father as Lord Protector of England but when England tired of strict Puritan ways he was deposed by a ___.
Military coup
He was invited by Parliament to come back from exile and become king.
Charles II
The return of Charles II as King of England
Restoration
Restoration date
A.D. 1660
The Restoration gave England a ______.
Constitutional monarchy
Catholic brother and successor to Charles II.
James II
English feared that James II would make Catholicism the _______.
State Religion
Name for the bloodless deposing of James II.
Glorious Revolution
William & Mary were given joint rule of England after the Glorious Revolution but they first had accept the ____.
English Bill of Rights
The Enlgish Bill of Rights made sure Parliament had more power than the ruler and established ________.
limited monarchy
Date of the Glorious Revolution
AD 1688
Was selected by leading German princes but in reality did not have much power.
Holy Roman Emperor
Allowed Maria Theresa to inherit the Throne of Austria
Pragmatic Sanction
Maria Theresa' dynasty.
Hapsburg
Dynasty that ruled Prussia during the Age of Monarchs.
Hohenzollern
Centralized Prussian Government. Made Prussian army the most efficient fighting force in Europe.
Frederick William I
Most powerful ruler in Prussian History
Frederick II (the Great)
He rejected the Pragmatic Sanction and started the war of Austrian Succession
Frederick II (the Great)
Starts as a struggle between Austria & Prussia becomes a struggle between England & France.
Seven Years War
Name of the Seven Years war in America
French and Indian War
In 1650 Russia was an isolated and _________.
backward country
Title of the Russian ruler.
Czar
Czar who worked to modernize/Westernize Russia
Peter the Great
Peter the Great was an ________.
absolute monarch
Peter fought the Swedes and the Turks to gain a ________.
warm water port
Peter the Great built the new capital of Russia_______.
St. Petersburg
She followed the lead of Peter the Great in embracing Western ideas and expanding Russia's borders.
Cathrine the Great