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105 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
THE Puritan leader in the English Civil War
Monarch who started the period called the Restoration
Charles II
Monarch who was beheaded at the end of the civil war
Charles I
believed people needed an absolute monarch
Thomas Hobbes
believed that people retained certain natural rights
John Locke
authorized a new version of the Bible
law that guaranteed protection against illegal arrest
The Habeas Corpus Act
leaders who advised the king
merchanges and professional people
supported the hereditary rights of the monarchy
group that wanted a strong Parliament and opposed a Catholic ruler
leader who carried out the plan for the government - together with the cabinet
prime minister
era of Oliver Cromwell's rule
extremist who would like to turn the clock back
urban middle class
person who criticized society during the Enlightenment
adopted by the Committee of Public Safety to meet the danger of invasion
used by the social, cultural, and political elite to share ideas of the Enlightenment
used by Napoleon to seize absolute power in France
coup d'etat
allowed more men to vote for the National Convention delegates
universal manhood suffrage
let people register their opinion by voting only yes or no
used by the Russian to defeat Napoleon's army
scorched earth policy
people loved their country more than their religion
an absolute monarch rules according to the principles of the Enlightenment
enlightened despot
the truth can be arrived at solely by logical thinking
fiar laws and wise government must be based on the will of the people
popular sovereignty
this principle restored former ruling families to their thrones
Social Contract
written by Rousseau
Spirit of the Laws
written by Montesquieu
written by Thomas Hobbes
Two Treatise on Government
written by John Locke
divided power between the states and federal (central) government
federal system of government
first 10 amendments of the Constitution
Bill of Rights
They would have been more concerned about the price of food than the others.
The Third Estate
Why did France have financial problems?
Huge war debts
When did the Reign of Terror end?
Robespierre's execution
The Continental System primary was designed to what?
Cripple England's economy
individuals control the factors of production
peole can live in peace in cooperative settlements where they share work
utopian socialism
the government owns all the means of production and controls economic planning
authoritarian socialism
government will wither away and a truly classless society will emerge
pure communism
principle of population
Thomas Malthus
interchangeable parts/conveyor belt
Henry Ford
classless society
Karl Marx
good government and universal voting
John Stuart Mill
free enterprise
Adam Smith
individual buys stocks
single firm controls total production of a good
two or more people control a business
one person owns or controls a business
sole proprietorship
many corporations control entire industries
factors of production
land, labor, capital
What is capital?
equipment, machinery, parts, goods
The first factories of the modern factory system manufactured what?
The Industrial Revolution was a change in what?
the way goods are produced
In a factory system what happens
each worker performs a task
What is an advantage of mass production?
cheaper production costs
Alternating periods of prosperity and decline
business cycle
What does "laissez-faire" mean?
"Let it be"
Under socialism, decisions about the means of production are made by?
the government
Robert Owen was the most influential what?
utopian socialist
founded the Red Shirt movement
founded the Young Italy movement
nicknamed the "Iron Chancellor"
Otto von Bismarck
What war? The southern German states were united with Prussia.
Franco-Prussian War
What war? Prussia and Austria won control of Schleswig and Holstein.
Danish War
What war? Prussia beat this rival to be leader of German-speaking people.
Seven Weeks War
customs union that included many German states
Who did Cavour work for?
Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia
What movements worked to unite Italy?
Young Italy, Red Shirts, Risorgimento
title of the head of the German Empire
Who was the Chancellor of the German Empire?
Otto von Bismarck
foreigners controlled an area but let local ruler keep his title
two nations rules a region as partners
the granting of economic rights and privileges over an area
sphere of influence
foreign nation completely controlled an area and its people
replacement of local rulers with imperial officials
direct rule
treatment of colonies like children of the parent nation
settlement of a dispute by using a third party
adoption of a foreign culture and abandonment of local customs
what major European power did not have any colonies in Africa?
what were the benefits of imperialism?
roads, schools, hospitals, improved communications such as telegraphs
V.I. Lenin - what country?
Francis Ferdinand - what country?
Woodrow Wilson - what country?
Otto von Bismarck - what country?
Gavrilo Princip - what country?
Who made up the Triple Alliance?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Who made up the Central Powers?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire
Who made up the Big Four?
France, Great Britain, United States, Italy
Who made up the Dual Monarchy?
Austria and Hungary
Who made up the Triple Entente?
France, Great Britain, Russia
Statement of the final terms offered for a settlement
payment for war damages
area to be governed by a more advanced nation
refusal to trade with a nation
economic sanction
brutal war crime
agreement to stop fighting until a peace treaty is formalized
factors that led to WWI
imperialism, nationalism, militarism, system of alliances
Why did Great Britain enter WWI?
Germany invaded neutral Belgium.
Trenches were dug to protect soldiers from ?
machine guns
As a result of civil war in Russia, the government was controlled by what group?
the Bolsheviks later named the Communist Party
What were the Fourteen Points?
Woodrow Wilson's ideas for the world after the war.
What treaty ended WWI?
Treaty of Versailles
What were the agencies of the League of Nations?
Assembly, Council, Secretariat