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42 Cards in this Set

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Land bridge:then, strait:now
Bering Strait
a loose union as in the Iroquois League
confederation
festive gatherings featuring gifts
potlatches
taxes, crops collected from the people by their leaders or conquerors
tributes
artificial islands
chinampas
Native American crop
maize
slash and burn; terrace
agriculture
hunting and gathering
survival
early Mexican civilization known for: calendars, pyramids, a strict social order and fierce warriors
Aztec
Mesoamericans fro Gulf of Mexico region known for large artifacts: stone heads, and for for "nomadic" farming and relilgion in which Gods were part human and part animal in their appearance
Olmec
settled the Yucatan Peninsula, their economy was based upon agriculture and trade, and religion was a major focus stressing mathematics, astronomy and architecture; also built pyramids
Maya
earthen ceremonial centers or tombs
mounds
land between North and South America
Mesoamerica
Located in the Southwest of North America
Pueblo, Apache and Navajo
a spiritual place of Gods, souls, and supernatural creatures for the Mayans
otherworld
Conquistadors: targeted the Aztecs and the Incas
Spanish
less than nobles, but more than serfs and slaves
commoners
empire founded in South America
Inca
an organization divided into levels of authority
hierarchy
Montezuma's gift to Hernan Cortes
chocolate
origin of Native Americans??
Asia
food, clothing, shelter, and tools sometimes acquired from one source: the bison
necessities
wooden fishing traps used in the Artic and Northwest
weirs
polytheism; human sacrifices; animal feature
religion
a rope used by Incas to keep records
quipu
cut down trees,let them dry,and then burned them; the Olmec then planted maize
slash and burn farming
a volcanic glass
obsidian
a protein rich grain
quinoa
Mayan city-states were linked by
culture, political ties and trade
Toltec plumed serpent god of the air
Quetzalcoatl
Toltec god of the war
Tezcatlipoca
Toltec capital, a center of a powerful mining and trading empire
Tula
depended on large hers of bison or buffalo
the Plains people
Aztec capital in central Mexico which became the site of Mexico City
Tenochtitlan
Mayan ceremonial ball game
pok-a-tok
mainly used as platforms for Mayan religous ceremonies
temple-pyramids
2 foods that formed the basis of the diet of many communities on the CA coast
abalone and mussels
3 foods the people of the Graet Basin mainly lived on
seeds, grasshoppers and small animals
4 ways people of the Great Plains used the bison
food, shelter, clothing and tools
five groups of Eastern Woodlands Native AMerican allied to form this
League of the Iroquois
five cultural regions of the early peoples of North America
Artic and Northwest, California and Great Basin, Southwest, Great Plains, Eastern Woodlands
six things archaeologists have found the help them to understan the way early people lived in North America
homes, burial mounds, pottery, baskets, stone tools, bones of people and animals