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196 Cards in this Set

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Phenytoin (Dilantin)
Epilepsy
s/e gingiva
Carbamazepine (Tegretol)
Epilepsy, mood stablizer
DOC partial seizures
Fosphenytoin
Epilepsy
Phenobarbital (Luminal)
Barbiturate
Epilepsy
Gabapentin (Neurontin)
Epilepsy, bipolar
GABA analog,partial/gen tonic-clonic seizures
Primidone
Epilepsy
Vigabatrin
Epilepsy
Lamotrigone
Epilepsy
Topiramate
Epilepsy
Tiagabine
Epilepsy
Ethosuximide (Zarontin)
Epilepsy, (block Ca channels)
DOC absence seizures
Valprioc Acid (Depakene)
All seizures, Epilepsy, bipolar, migraines
Blocks high freq Na+ & Ca channels.
GI, sedation, teratogen, inh Barbs metab. C/I preg, <10y/o
Diazepam (Valium)
Benzodiazepine
Epilepsy, Muscle Relaxant
DOC Status epilepticus
Lorazepam
Epilepsy
Clonazepam
Epilepsy
Nitrous Oxide
Inhalant Anesthetic
fast, analgesic > anesth
s/e diffusion hypoxia (tx w/ 100% O2)
s/e megaloblastic anemia, periph neuropathy (w/ abuse)
Halothane (Fluothane)
Inhalant Anesthetic
slow (soluble)
s/e hepatotoxic, Ach sens., arrhythmias
Isoflurane (Forane)
Inhalant Anesthetic
DOC neurosurg, head trauma (no ^ ICP)
Sevoflurane (Ultane)
Inhalant Anesthetic
Peds, fast in & out. s/e rare hepatorenal tox
Enflurane
Inhalant Anesthetic
Desflurane
Inhalant Anesthetic
Thiopental (Pentothal)
IV Anesthetic
C/I porphyria!
Midazolam (Versed)
IV Anesthetic (inducer)
sedation, ant. amnesia, decr anxiety. Good w/ fentanyl for short procedures.
Counter w/ flumazenil
Propofol (Diprivan)
IV Anesthetic (induce & main.)
Fast induce, recover, min hangover, NO CV, HepatoRenal s/e, $$
Ketamine (Ketalar)
IV Anesthetic via NMDA receptor
Catatonic state
Fentanyl (Sublimaze)
Opioid Anesthetic
Sufentanil
Opioid Anesthetic
Alfentanil
Opioid Anesthetic
Baclofen (Pioresal)
GABA-mimetic
Muscle Relaxant
Cyclobenzaprin (Flexeril)
Brain Stem Sedative
Carisoprodol (Soma)
Brain Stem Sedative
Chlorzoxazone
Brain Stem Sedative
Metaxalone
Brain Stem Sedative
Methocarbamol
Brain Stem Sedative
Orphenadrine
Brain Stem Sedative
Tizanidine (Zanaflex)
Muscle Relaxant
Dantrolene (Dantrium)
Muscle Relaxant, malignant hyperthermia (halothane + succinylcholine)
Botulinum Toxin (Botox)
Muscle Relaxant
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)
CNS Stimulant
ADHD
Amphetamine (Adderall)
CNS Stimulant
Atamoxetine (Strattera)
CNS Stimulant
Caffeine
CNS Stimulant, Drugs of abuse
Methamphetamine
CNS Stimulant, Drugs of abuse
Cocaine
Drugs of abuse
Nicotine
Drugs of abuse
Alcohol
Drugs of abuse
Marijuana
Drugs of abuse
LSD
Drugs of abuse
MDMA (Ecstacy)
Drugs of abuse
PCP
Drugs of abuse
Levodopa (Dopar)
Parkinson's Dz
Carbidopa/Levodopa (Sinemet)
Parkinson's Dz
L-dopa ^DA
Carbidopa decr N/V; s/e dyskinesia. C/I: psychosis, closed-angle glaucoma, CHD, peptic ulcer, malignant melanoma
Carbidopa
Parkinson's Dz
Selegiline (Eldepryl)
Parkinson's Dz
Bromocriptine (Parlodel)
Parkinson's Dz
DA agonist. s/e Red feet
Pramipexole (Mirapex)
Parkinson's Dz
Ropinirole (Requip)
Parkinson's Dz
Amantadine (Symmetrel)
Parkinson's Dz
Benztropine (Congentin)
Parkinson's Dz
Pergolide
Parkinson's Dz
Biperiden
Parkinson's Dz
Donepezil (Aricept)
Alzheimer's Dz
Tacrine
Alzheimer's Dz
Rivastigmine
Alzheimer's Dz
Galantamine
Alzheimer's Dz
Memantine
Alzheimer's Dz
Procaine (Novacain)
Local Anesthetic
Tetracaine (Pontocaine)
Local Anesthetic
Benzocaine (Americaine)
Local Anesthetic
Lidocaine (Xylocaine)
Local Anesthetic
Prilocaine (Citanest)
Local Anesthetic
Bupivacaine (Marcaine, Sensorcaine)
Local Anesthetic
Long, potent. s/e cardiotoxicity
Ropivacaine (Naropin)
Local Anesthetic good)
potent w/ few s/e
Butamben picrate
Local Anesthetic
Mepivacaine
Local Anesthetic
Etidocaine
Local Anesthetic
Dibucaine
Local Anesthetic
Levobupivacaine
Local Anesthetic
Proparacaine
Local Anesthetic
Dyclonine
Local Anesthetic
Chloroprocaine
Local Anesthetic
Pramoxine
Local Anesthetic
Acetylsalicyclic Acid (Aspirin)
NSAID, irreversible inh of cyclooxygenase, decr PG synth & platelet aggreg. s/e risk of Reye's Syn. #2 for kids.
Diflunisal (Dolobid)
Salicylate
Celecoxib (Celebrex)
COX-2 Inhibitor
Etodolac
COX-2 Inhibitor
Etoricoxib
COX-2 Inhibitor
In pipeline
Lumiracoxib
COX-2 Inhibitor
In pipeline
Diclofenac (Voltaren)
Nonspecific COX Inhibitor
Ketorolac (Toradol)
Nonspecific COX Inh, NSAID
analgesic, migraines
Ibuprofen (Motrin, Rufen)
Nonspecific COX Inhibitor
analgesic, migraines
Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn)
Nonspecific COX Inh, NSAID
Gout, RA, Migraines
Indomethacin (Indocin)
Nonspecific COX Inhibitor
Gout, RA
Sulindac
Nonspecific COX Inhibitor
Meclofenamate
Nonspecific COX Inhibitor
Tolmetin
Nonspecific COX Inhibitor
Fenoprofen
Nonspecific COX Inhibitor
Flurbiprofen
Nonspecific COX Inhibitor
Ketoprofen
Nonspecific COX Inhibitor
Oxaprozin
Nonspecific COX Inhibitor
Fenbufen
Nonspecific COX Inhibitor
Colchicine
Gout
Inh microtubules, anti-inflamm by inh LK B4, leukocyte chmotaxis, phagocytosis
Probenecid (Benemid)
Uricosuric agent
Hyperuricemia
Sulfinpyrazone (Anturane)
Uricosuric agent
Hyperuricemia
Allopurinol (Zyloprim)
Gout, Hyperuricemia
Xanthine oxidase inhibitor
Rasburicase (Fasturtec)
Uric acid to allontoin convertor: Hyperuricemia
Sumatriptan (Imitrex)
Other "triptans"
5-HT(1D) Agonist
Acute Migraine HA
Ergotamine tartrate
5-HT Agonist
Migraine HA prophylaxis
Dihydroergotamine
5-HT Agonist
Migraine HA prophylaxis
Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
Analgesic, Migraine HA, weak anit-inflamm.
DOC: kids analgesic, fever reducer
Codein
Analgesic
Migraine HA prophylaxis
Propoxyphene
Analgesic
Migraine HA prophylaxis
Methysergide (Sansert)
Ergot alkaloid
migraines
Propranolol (Inderal)
Beta-blocker
migraines
Verapamil (Calan, Isoptin)
Calcium channel blocker
migraines
Amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep)
Antidepressant
migraines
Lithium Carbonate (Eskalith, Lithobid)
migraines, bipolar (mood stab)
Na^ clear, NSAIDs, Thiazides decrease
2.5 toxic, preg OK
Estradiol
Female hormones
migraines
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
Sedating antihistamine H1
Promethazine (Phenergan)
Sedating antihistamine H1
Hydroxyzine (Atarax, Vistaril)
Sedating antihistamine H1
Dimenhydrinate
Sedating antihistamine H1
Brompheniramine maleate (Bromamine, Dimetane)
Mod. sedating antihistamine H1
Chlorpheniramine maleate (Chlor-Trimenton)
Mod. sedating antihistamine H1
Clemastine
Mod. sedating antihistamine H1
Cyclizine
Mod. sedating antihistamine H1
Meclizine
Mod. sedating antihistamine H1
Loratidine (Claritin)
G2 Non-sedating H1 antagonists
Certirizine (Zyrtec)
G2 Non-sedating H1 antagonists
Fexofenadine (Allegra)
G2 Non-sedating H1 antagonists
Acrovistine/Pseudophredrine
G2 Non-sedating H1 antagonists
Azelastine
Nasal H1 antagonists
Levocabastine
Nasal H1 antagonists
Cimetidine (Tagamet)
H2 histamine antagonists
Ranitidine (Zantac)
H2 histamine antagonists
Famotidine (Pepcid)
H2 histamine antagonists
Nizatidine (Axid)
H2 histamine antagonists
Omeprazole (Prilosec)
Proton pump inhibitors
Esomeprazole (Nexium)
Proton pump inhibitors
Lansoprazole (Prevacid)
Proton pump inhibitors
Rabeprazole (Aciphex)
Proton pump inhibitors
Pantoprazole (Protonix)
Proton pump inhibitors
Piroxicam (Feldene)
Oxicam for Anti-inflamm
Meloxicam
Oxicam
Isoxicam
Oxicam
Inoxicam
Oxicam
Nabumetone (Relafen)
Alkanones anti-inflamm
Arthrotec (Diclofenac, Misoprostol)
Anti-inflamm
Aurothioglucose (Solganal)
DMARD
Auranofin
DMARD
Gold Sodium Thiomalate
DMARD
Penicillamine (Cuprimine, Depen)
DMARD & Wilson's Dz
Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate (Plaquenil)
DMARD
Sulfasalazine (Azilfidine)
DMARD
Infliximab (Remicade)
DMARD
Adalimumab (Humira)
DMARD
Etanercept (Enbrel)
DMARD
Leflunomide (Arava)
DMARD
Micophenolate Mofetil (Cellcept)
DMARD
Anakinra (Kineret)
DMARD
Methotrexate
Immunosuppress, cytotoxic
Cyclosporine
Immunosuppress, cytotoxic
Cyclophosphamide
Immunosuppress, cytotoxic
Azathioprine
Immunosuppress, cytotoxic
Prednisone
Glucocorticoid
Prednisolone
Glucocorticoid
Methylprednisolone
Glucocorticoid
Paramethasone
Glucocorticoid
Dexamethasone
Glucocorticoid
Betamethasone
Glucocorticoid
Zileuton
5-lipoxygenase inhibitor
Sodium Bicarb
Acid neutralizing
Calcium Carbonate (Tums)
Acid neutralizing
Mg hydroxide/Al hydroxide (Maalox / Gaviscon)
Acid neutralizing
Sucralfate (Carafate)
GI Cytoprotective
Misoprostol (Cytotec)
GI Cytoprotective
Bismuth Subsalicylate (Pepto Bismol)
GI Cytoprotective, antidiarrheal
Bethanechol (Urecholine)
GI Prokinetic
Metoclopramide (Reglan)
GI Prokinetic
Glycopyrrolate (Robinul)
GI Antispasmodic
Dicyclomine (Bentyl)
GI Antispasmodic
Tegaserod (Zelnorm)
GI Antispasmodic
Fiber
GI Laxative
Psyllium (Metamucil)
GI Laxative
Semma (Senokot)
GI Laxative
Mg hydroxide (Milk of Magnesia)
GI Laxative
Na phosphate & biphosphate (Fleet)
GI Laxative
Lactulose (Chronolac)
GI Laxative
Polyethylene glycol (Colyte)
GI Laxative
Docusate Na, mineral oil, glycerin suppositories
GI Laxative
Methylcellulose
GI Laxative
Mg Sulfate
GI Laxative
Loperamide (Imodium)
Antidiarrheals
Diphenoxylate + atropine (Lomotil)
Antidiarrheals
Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)
Antidiarrheals
Simethicone (Gas-X)
Anti-gas