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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following food groups ordinarily contains the highest amount of vitamins when expressed
per kcalorie?
vegetables
A general characteristic of the water-soluble vitamins is that they must be consumed frequently.
false
An explanation why B vitamin deficiencies lead to lack of energy is that many of them function as coenzymes needed for energy metabolism
true
A function of thiamin is the release of energy from energy-yielding nutrients
true
Beriberi results from a deficiency of
thiamin
Which of the following vitamins is involved substantially in energy transformation reactions
RIBOFLAVIN & B12
Inflamed mouth membranes are indicative of a dietary deficiency of riboflavin.
TRUE
Milk and milk products provide liberal amounts of which of the following vitamins?
RIBOFLAVIN
What vitamin deficiency disease appeared in people who had subsisted on a diet high in corn and low
in Protein (such as those that lived in the southeastern part of the United States)?
PELLEGRA
Which of the following foods contains a protein that decreases bioavailability of biotin
EGGS
Confusion and depression are the chief symptoms of early vitamin B6 deficiency
TRUE
What vitamin is involved intensively in amino acid metabolism and therefore in protein synthesis?
B6
A property of folate in nutrition is that folate requires vitamin B12 to function properly as vitamin B12 returns folate to its active form.
true
A deficiency of which of the following vitamins results in accumulation of homocysteine in the blood,
which then indicates a risk of Heart Disease?
VITAMIN B
. The appearance of vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms may be delayed due to high intake of supplements
Of
folate
Macrocytic anemia is associated with a deficiency of folate, as well as with a deficiency of B12
TRUE
Which of the following foods is highest in folate?
LEAFY GREEN VEGETABLES
Which of the following is required for the absorption of dietary vitamin B12?
INTRINSIC FACTOR
. Inadequate intake is the most likely reason for the development of a vitamin B12 deficiency
TRUE
Of the following foods, which would be the only source of vitamin B12?
CHICKEN
Because vitamin C can deactivate histamine, vitamin C supplements might be beneficial in treating the common cold.
true
Mishlee is looking to increase her dietary sources of vitamin C. However, she expresses a strong
Dislike for all citrus fruits. Which of the following foods would you recommend she eat to give her
Vitamin C?
VEGETABLES
The syntheses of connective tissue, which is an important structural component of bones, skin and tendons are aided by
VITAMIN C
The antioxidant that neutralizes peroxides of polyunsaturated fatty acids is:
VITAMIN C
Which of the following food substances can be converted to vitamin A in the body?
BETA-CAROTENE
Vitamin A plays an important role in growth of bones and teeth, synthesis of visual pigment, and
maintaining mucous membranes.
TRUE
The effects of vitamin A deficiency are most severe in what population group?
NEWBORNS
Vitamin A supplements are helpful in treating the condition called Night blindness
TRUE
Which of the following compounds is known to function as a hormone?
VITAMIN D
Cholesterol serves as the major precursor for the body’s synthesis of vitamin D.
TRUE
The body’s exposure to sunlight can allow the body to synthesize Vitamin K
FALSE
The name of the vitamin D-deficiency disease in children is called
RICKETS
Osteomalacia and rickets are conditions known to be caused by a deficiency of
VITAMIN E
Vitamin E deficiencies are rarely observed in human beings the vitamin is widespread in foods
TRUE
The main function of vitamin E in the body is to act as a(n)
ANTIOXIDANT
In what chief capacity does vitamin K function?
BLOOD CLOTTING