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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Strategic Behavioral Therapy
Interactional patterns
Circular causality
triadic
brief
problem oriented strategies
Homeostasis
change occurs in 2 orders:
first order: superficial
second order: structural change
Narrative therapy
psychotherapy
externalization/objectification
Gestalt Therapy
Gestalt (perceptions account for the whole) = current needs
Confrontative
Not appropriate for Borderline or psychotic clients
Personal responsibility
Integrated person (unified self)
Personality consists of Self & Self image
Self actualization (here and now)
Transference is counterproductive
Boundary disturbances:
Introjection, projection, confluence, retroflection
Ego Analysts
Ego impacts personality
bx under conscious control
pathology = ego loses autonomy
Reparenting
Object Relations
Margeret Mahler
parent-child interaction
internalized self image
ego present at birth
satisfying relationships= intact ego
Internalization: ideal,rejection,exciting
Individuation & Seperation
Psychotherapy
Disturbed in BPD
Models of psychotherapy
psychodynamic theory
humanistic/existential
cognitive behavioral
family therapy
Group therapy
psychodynamic theory
psychoanalytic theory
analytic
individual
neo freudian
ego analysts
object relations
psychoanalytic therapy
Personality theory:
ID
EGO
Super Ego

conflict btw the three - defense mechanisms
ID
present at birth
instinctive
immediate gratification
reflex actions
pleasure principle
unconscious
ego
develops at 6 mos
ego responds to IDs inability to gratify
defers gratification
reality principle
mediator btw ID and Super Ego
achieve satisfaction despite the limits of reality.
super ego
Conscience
age 4-5
internalization of societal norms
values come from parents
serial killers lack this

rewarded behavior = ego ideal
blocks IDs unacceptable drives
Analytic theory
Jung
self realization
Psyche: consciousness, personal unconsciousness, collective unconsciousness

state of individuation
individual therapy
Alfred Adler
Replace mistaken life style with healthier more adaptive lifestyle.
Neo Freudians
Horney - parental bx
Sullivan - prototaxic, parataxic, syntaxic
Fromm - society inhibiting desires
Humanistic / Existential Theory
Focus: here and now
inherent potential for self actualization & determination

client centered
gestalt
transactional
existential
reality
client centered therapy
Carl Rogers
self actualization
self = unified, positive self regard
therapist to provide:
unconditional positive regard
accurate empathetic understanding
congruence
Non directive
Transactional Analysis
Eric Berne
Group setting

Three Ego states:
Adult: ego
Parent: Super Ego
Child: ID
Existential therapy
Meaning to existence
Existential anxiety
Neurotic anxiety
Reality Therapy
William Glasser
Focus: bx rather than feelings & present/future
Responsibility
Confrontative
Mental illness - rejected
conscious process
Ability to judge right and wrong
CBT
emphasis on current bx
scientific approach
cog. processes influence bx
restructuring cognition ---> alter bx
Behavior Therapy
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Pavlov
unlearn previously learned bx
systematic desensitization
aversive counter-conditioning
assertiveness training
Operant Conditioning
bx + or - by altering consequence
widely used in hosp. schools, prisons

positive reinforcement
shaping
token economy
time outs
extinction
premack principle (a high probability bx is used to reinforce a low probability bx)
contingency contracts
Rational Emotive Therapy
Albert Ellis
neurosis = repetition of irrational ideas

Modeling, problem solving, bx rehearsal, in vivo desensitization, cogn. HW.
Fixation at this psychosexual stage results in an individual who is sarcastic
Oral
Fixation at this psychosexual stage results in an individual who is gullible
Oral
Fixation at this psychosexual stage results in an individual who is passive
Oral
Fixation at this psychosexual stage results in an individual who is selfish
Anal
Fixation at this psychosexual stage results in an individual who is cruel and messy
Anal
Fixation at this psychosexual stage results in an individual who is stingy
Anal
Fixation at this psychosexual stage results in an individual who is OCD
Anal
Super Ego develops at which psychosexual stage?
phallic (3-6)
maslow's hierarchy of need
1. physiological
2. safety
3. love and belonging
4. esteem
5. self actualization
maslow's hierarchy of need
1. physiological
2. safety
3. love and belonging
4. esteem
5. self actualization
sensory motor
piaget's intellectual development
0-2
Assimilation
Accomodation
Object permenance
pre-operational stage
piaget's intellectual development
1.5 - 7
symbols
Egocentrism (cannot take other's perspective into acct)
Animism
centration (focusing on one aspect of an object)
irreversibility
concrete operational
piaget's intellectual development
7-11
mental representation
relational terms
conserve (know one cup of water is the same amt if poured in different objects)
serialize
formal operational
piaget's intellectual development
11 and older
assimilation
piaget's intellectual development

incorporating new objects into existing schemas
accomodation
piaget's intellectual development

adjusting schemas to fit new objects
Mild mental retardation
IQ 50-70
6th grade
vocational abilities
Moderate mental retardation
IQ 35-50
2nd -3rd grade
Severe mental retardation
IQ 20-35
talk and read simple words
basic skills for self care
simple tasks under supervision
profound mental retardation
IQ below 20
extensive training - basic self care
The principal way that children become moral, according to psychoanalytic theory, is through
Identification with the same sex parent