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25 Cards in this Set

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Who is mainly associated with Family Systems Theory?
Murray Bowen
In Family Systems Theory nonsummativity means the whole is...
...greater than the sum of its parts.
In Family Systems Theory the locus of pathology is...
...within the system not the person.
In Family Systems Theory What kind of causality guides behavior?
Circular - process rather than content.
What are Bowen's eight interlocking concepts?
-Differentiation of self
-Nuclear family emotional system
-Triangles
-Family projection process
-Multigenerational transmission process
-Emotional cutoff
-Sibling position
-Societal emotional process
In Family Systems Theory Differentiation of Self refers to...
...one's ability to separate one's own intellectual and emotional functioning from that of the family.
In Family Systems Theory Triangulation refers to a process where...
...when two or more people have a problem with each other they will bring in a third member to reduce tension.
In Family Systems Theory Emotional cut-off is used to...
...reduce anxiety about unresolved family issues.
In Family Systems Theory The nuclear family emotional process is...
...how a family manages differentiation and anxiety.
In Family Systems Theory Family projection process is...
...parents focusing their anxieties on a child and the child develops problems.
In Family Systems Theory Sibling position
siblings in certain positions tend towards certain roles in family functioning
In Family Systems Theory Societal emotional process
people in a society tend to be more anxious and unstable at certain times depending on the societal context.
In Family Systems Theory The most powerful rules in a family system are...
... covert and unstated.
In Family Systems Theory What kind of loops guide behavior?
Feedback loops.
In Family Systems Theory Double bind
A kind of pathological communication in which a person is given two commands that contradict each other.
In Family Systems Theory Equifinality
Different behaviors can lead to the same results.
In Family Systems Theory Equipotentiality
One cause may produce separate results
In Family Systems Theory Negative feedback
maintains homeostasis - recalibrates the system and restores balance
In Family Systems Theory Positive feedback
upsets homeostasis - structural unbalancing and re-framing are techniques a therapist might use
In Family Systems Theory surface communication
overt, report level
In Family Systems Theory metacommunication
command - qualifies, contradicts, or comments on overt content
In Family Systems Theory 5 goals of family therapy
-facilitating communication of thoughts and feelings
-shifting and changing inflexible roles and coalitions
-modeling, educating, and myth dispelling
-strengthening the family system
-increasing differentiation of family members
-strengthening the marriage
Family therapy is definitely indicated when
the presenting problem is a relationship issue or it exists in an individual but impacts the entire system profoundly
Family therapy may be indicated when
there has been minimal success working with an individual
Family therapy is contraindicated when
-key members are unavailable
-one member is very disturbed
-fragile marital coalition