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37 Cards in this Set

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__________________ has four cavities within the brain.
ventricles
________ contains choroid plexuses that forms cerebrospinal fluid.
ventricles
_________ regulates blood pressure, heart rate, respiration, coughing and swallowing. This is part of the brain stem.
Medulla
___________ is anterior to the medulla and helps regulate respiration.
Pons
________ regulates visual and auditory reflexes, superior to the pons. Helps maintain equilibrium.
Midbrain
_________ coordinates voluntary movement, (conscious movement without thinking) also regulates muscle tone and equilibrium.
cerebellum
_________ is posterior to pons & medulla.

Inferior to cerebrum.
cerebellum
__________________ produces ADH and oxytocin.(hormones) Stimulates visceral responses to emotional situtions; increased heart rate and blushing. Regulates the Circadian rhythms-our internal clock.
hypotholamus
____________ regulates body temperature and eating (hungry sensation), controls functions of ANS, controlling activity of heart, blood vessels and intestines.
hypotholamus
___________ integrates sensations, puts them together, can interpret it very quickly.
Thalamus
_______ is superior to the hypothalamus and allows for concentration by blocking out unimportant sensations.
Thalamus
What connects the cerebral hemispheres? which has 200 millions neurons that connect the 2 hemispheres, this allows each hemisphere to know what the other is doing.
corpus callosum
Surface of the _________ is gray matter called cerebral ______. It is responsible for thinking, reading and memory.
cerebrum

cortex
________ __________ has extensive folds.
cerebral cortex
Cerebrum is divided into fourlobes, name them.
Frontal
Parietal
Temporal
Occipital
___________ lobes: feel and interpret the cutaneous senses. Also, sense of taste
Parietal
_________ lobes: initiate voluntary movement (muscles) and motor speech area (left lobe only/Broca's speech-muscle)
Fontal
_________ lobes: auditory areas, olfactory areas, speech and some thought required for speech.
Temporal
__________ lobes: visual areas, see and interpret what is seen. Deals with Spatial relationship, seeing deepth and distance.
Occipital
____________ is damage to speech area resulting in an inablity to use language. If broca's area is damaged, the person can't understand written and spoken words.
Aphasia
_____________ areas of the cerebrum give us a sense of humor, personality, reason, logic, learning and memory. Do NOT control movement or senses.
Association areas
Paired masses of _______ ________ within the white matter of the cerebral hemispheres. Subconscious control of voluntary movement; muscle tone, swinging arms, moving hands while speaking.
Basal Ganglia
Parkinson's disease is one disorder of the ______ ______. The neurons stop producing the neurotransmitter ______ which causes muscle symptoms.
basal ganglia

dopamine
CVA is damage to blood vessel in the brain. _________: blood clot forms and blocks off vessel. ______: artery bleeds into the brain causing damage.
Thrombus

Aneurysm
What does CVA mean?
Cerebravascular Accidents
When plaques and tangles of fibrous protein develop in the cerebral cortex areas this causes _________ _________. It is progessive and incurable.
Alzheimer's Disease
__________ is connective tissue membranes covering the brain, ____ layers.
Meninges
three
Meninges;
_________ outermost layer
_________ middle layer
_______ inner layer
What is between the arachnoid and the pia mater, contains the CSF of the CNS?
Dura mater
Arachnoid membrane
Pia mater
Subarachnoid space
Cerebrospinal fjuid is the curculating tissue fluid of the CNS. Its locations are;
_______ within the brain.
_________ around the brain.
_________ within the spinal cord. _______ around the spinal cord.
ventricle
subarachnoid space
central canal
subarachnoid space
State two functions of cerebrospinal fluid.
1. exchange nutrients and waste products between the CNS and blood.
2. Absorb shock (cushions) around the CNS.
What is another name for Lumbar puncture? Where is the needle inserted?
spinal tap

between the 4th & 5th vertebrae
How many pairs of Cranial nerves exit from the brain? All but _____ is found below the head?
12
Vagus
Name the 2 divisions of the ANS (Autonomic Nervous System) The part of the brain that integrates the functioning of the ANS is the _________.
Sympathetic

Parasympathetic
hypothalamus
The ANS consists of motor neurons to visceral effectors, which are ________ muscle, ____ muscle and ______.
smooth
cardiac
glands
____________ division, which dominates in ________ situations. Causes increased ____ ____ and _____ in skeletal muscles and of bronchioles.
Sympathetic

stressful
heart rate, and dilation
___________ division, which dominates in ___________ situations. ____ are located near or in the visceral effector.
Parasympathic

non-stressful
Ganglia
____________ division brings about normal digestion, urination and normal resting heart rate.
Parasympathic