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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
classical school
free will,hedonistic human,emphasis on offense, and punishment
positive school
determinism,multiple causes, emphasis on offender, and rehabilitation
choice theory
juveniles commit delinquent acts because they make a rational decision to do so.
routine activities theory
posits three factors in time and space : motivated offender, a suitable target and the absense of a guardian
deterrence theory
indiv. are rational actors,indiv must be aware risks unpleasant,sanction must be swift,certain and severe
Atavism and somatope theory
thinking individuals born criminals, the thought mesomorphoric body type which is muscular,firm and strong
summarize twin and adoption studies
> similiarity between identical twins..parents but not adoptive parents criminal 20% if both criminal 25%
certain biochemical and neurological factors that impact delinquency
high sugar intake,high calcium, > or < vitamin b and C ..high magnesium and zinc
Feal alcohol syndrome FAS
45 % youth with this between 12 and 20 had committed a crime
psychoanalytic theory
uncontrolled id responsible for deliquent.not appropriate superego, behavior won't be right, affects conscienceunder ego...infuenced by delinquent peers
relationship moral development and delinquecy
6 stages moral development..most delinquents between stages 1 and 2
a personality disorder
conduct disorder (anti social behavior)little concern for others and may lack remorse
classical CONDITIONING theory
individuals learn a conditioned response to a particular stimulus
modeling theory
learn delinquent behavior by imtating or modeling after others
operant conditioning learning theory
behavior is controlled by consequences of that behavior