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18 Cards in this Set

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anthropology
comparative study of human societies and cultures
holistic
considers culture, history, language, and biology essential to a complete understanding of human society
cultural anthropology
study of human behavior that's learned rather than genetically transmitted, and that is typical of groups of people
society
set of social relationships among people within a given geographical area, including their status and roles
culture
learned behaviors and symbols that allow people to live in groups. Primary means by which humans adapt to their environments. The way of life characteristic of a particular human society
historical ethnography
description of the cultural past based on written records, interviews, and archeology.
anthropological linguistics
branch of linguistics concerned with understanding language and its relation to culture
archaeology
subdisciplines of anthropology that focuses on the reconstruction of past cultures based on their material remains
prehistoric
before written records
artifact
any object made or modified by human beings. Generally used to refer to objects made by past cultures.
urban archaeology
archaeological investigation of current-day cities
cultural resource management
protection and management of archaeological, archival, and architectural resources
biological or physical anthropology
subdiscipline of anthropology that specializes in the study of humankind from a biological perspective. It includes osteology, nutrition, demography, epidemiology, and primatology.
paleoanthropology
subdiscipline of anthropology concerned with tracing the evolution of humankind in the fossil record.
human variation
subdiscipline of anthropology concerned with mapping and explaining physical differences among modern human groups
primate
member of a biological order of mammals that includes human beings, apes, and monkeys
applied anthropology
application of anthropology to the solution of human problems
forensic anthropology
application of biological anthropology to the identification of skeletalized or badly decomposed human remains