Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/48

Click to flip

48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ABCDs of melanoma
Asymmetric
Borders irregular
color variation
Diameter >0.6;
Dark color
Allen's test
for patency of ulnar artery before placing a radial arterial line or doing an ABG
Ballance's sign
constant dullness to percussion in left flank/LUQ and resonance on the right

splenic rupture/hematoma
Barrett's esophagus
columnar metaplasia of distal esophagus
Battle's sign
ecchymosis ofer mastoid

basilar skull fracture
Beck's triad
1) JVD
2) decreased/muffled heart sounds
3) decreased BP

cardiac tamponade

(Beck a tampon)
Bergman's triad
1) mental status change
2) petechiae (in axilla/thorax especially)
3) dyspnea

fat emboli syndrome

(BergMAN was a fatMAN)
blumer's shelf
shelf that is palpable on rectal exam

metastatic disease to rectouterine pouch of Douglas OR rectvesical pouch
Boas' sign
right subscapular pain

cholelithiasis
Borchardt's triad
1) emesis followed by no emesis
2) epigastric distention
3) failure to pass an NgT

gastric volvulus

(Borchardt is hard to belch)
Carcinoid triad
Flushing
Diarrhea
R sided HF
Charcot's triad
fever/chills
jaundice
RUQ pain

cholangitis
Chvostek's sign
twitching of facial muscles upon tapping hte facial nerve

hypocalcemia

(CHvostek's CHeek)
Courvoisier's law
enlarged nontender gallbladder
plus
CBD obstruction
likely
pancreatic cancer
Cullen's sign
bluish discoloation of periumbilical area

due to retroperitoneal hemorrhage tracking around to anterior abdominal wall through fascial planes

acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis

(panCULLatitis)
Cushing's triad
HTN
Bradycardia
Irregular respirations

Increased ICP
Dance's sign
empty RLQ in children

ileocecal intususception
Fothergill's sign
if mass is felt while there is tension on musculature, then it's in the wall

if not, it's intra-abdominal
Fox's sign
ecchymosis of inguinal ligament

seen with retroperitoneal bleeding
Goodsall's rule
anal fistulae course in a straight path anteriorly and a curved path posteriorly

(dog with straight nose, curved tail)
Grey Turner's sign
ecchymosis or discoloration of flank in patients with retroperitoneal hemorrhage
Hamman's sign/crunch
crunching sound on auscultations of heart

results from emphysematous mediastinum

Boerhaave's syndrome
pneumomediastinum
Homan's sign
Calf pain on forced dirsiflexion of foot

DVT
Howship-Romberg sign
pain along inner aspect of thigh

obturator hernia as a result of nerve compression
Kehr's sign
severe left shoulder pain

splenic rupture
Kelly's sign
visible peristalsis of ureter in response to squeezing or retraction

used to identify the ureter during surgery

(Kelly finds the ureter in the Belly)
Krukenberg tumor
from stomach to ovary
Laplace's law
Wall tension = pressure x radius

so colon perforates preferentially at cecum (increased radius, increased tension)
McBurney's point
one third distance from anterior iliac spine to umbilicus
McBurney's sign
appendicitis
Meckel's diverticulum rule of 2s
2 percent have
2 of those are symptomatic
occur within 2 feet of ileocecal valve
Murphy's sign
cessation of inspiration while palpating under right costal margin

acute cholecystitis
obturator sign
pain upon internal rotation of leg with him and knee flexed

appendicitis/pelvic abscess
Pheochromocytoma symptoms triad
(PHEo...)
Palpitations
Headache
Episodic diaphoresis
Pheochromocytoma rule of 10s
10% bilateral
10% malignant
10% in children
10% extra-adrenal
10% have multiple tumors
Psoas sign
pain from extending hip with knee in full extension

appendicitis
psoas inflammation
Raccoon eyes
bilateral black eyes

basilar skull fracture
(also Battle's sign on the mastoid)
Reynold's pentad
- fever
- jaundice
- RUQ pain
- mental status change
- shock/sepsis

suppurative cholangitis (Charcot's plus more)
Rovsing's sign
palpation of LLQ gives pain in RLQ

appendicitis
Saint's triad
cholelithiasis
hiatal hernia
diverticular diseases
silk glove sign
indirect hernia sac in PEDIATRIC PATIENT feels like a finger of a silk glove when rolled under the examining finger

(it's gloved, so you feel it INdirectly)
Sister Mary Joseph's sign/node
metastatic tumor to umbilial lymph nodes
Virchow's node
mets to left supraclavicular node (esp gastric cancer)
Virchow's triad
- stasis
- abnormal endothelium
- hypercoagulability

thrombosis

(Virchow HAS thrombosis)
Trousseau's sign
carpal spasm after occlusion of blood to forearm with a BP cuff

hypocalcemia
Valentino's sign
RLQ pain from succus/pus draining into RLQ

perforated peptic ulcer
Westermark's sign
decreased pulmonary vascular markings on CXR

pulmonary embolus
Whipple's triad
- hypoglycemia (,50)
- CNS and vasomotor symtpoms such as syncope, diaphoresis
- relief on administration of glucose

insulinoma