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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
neolin (matching)
an american indian aslo known as the delaware prophet; traveled among troubled western trives; appelead 2 them 2 return 2 their ancient practices; denounced the use of european gods and customs and urged his audiences 2 drive out the settlers
pontiac (matching)
ottawa chief; heard and acted upon neolin's message; called on delaware, ojibway, seneca, shawnee, wyandot, and otha american indians 2 unite and drive out da settlers; for most of 1763, war raged all along the frontier; pontiac's forces killed some 2,000 settlers and destroyed many british forts.
benjamin franklin (matching)
born in boston in 1706; received little formal education; established a printing company and founded the newpaper the Pennsylvania Gazette; developed bifocal glasses, the franklin stove, and the lightining rod; established the 1st circulation library, fire department, and founded the American Philophcal Society; 1751 - elected 2 the penn. assembly; proposed the albany plan of union in 1754 and helped drafte the Declaration of Independence; served as an ambassador and participated in negotiating the Treaty of Paris in 1783, which ended the Rev. War; served on the congressional commitee
samuel adams (matching)
leader of the boston sons of liberty; lost fathers brewing business to creditors; became incolved in boston politics and served in a series of loacl offices including tax collector; 1765 - elected 2 the massachusetts house of reps.; the stamp act crisis turned him into a key political activist; later became a leader in the fight for the colonists' rights.
george III (matching)
king during the Rev. War.
thomas gage (matching)
a general; 1768 - dispatched british troops to boston 2 silence the protest and enforce the writs of assistance.
william howe (matching)
general; commanded british troops; advanced in 3 assaults; supposed 2 meet up with burgoyne and colonel barry st. leger at albany, ny to fight the colonists; evacuated boston in march 1776
george washington (matching)
general; him and his troops suffered bitter winters at morristown, nj in 1777 and at valley froge, penn. in 1777 - 78; after NYC fell to the british forces, washington tried 2 regroup; initially ordered that no blacks serve in the continental army; rushed south 2 complete francois de grasse's trap
thomas paine (matching)
emerged as a powerful supporter of independence; recent immigrant from britain living in philadelphia; promoted the patriot cause; published Common Sense
thomas jefferson (matching)
virginia lawyer, planter, and slaveholder; at 33 yrs old, one of the youngest delegates; became chair of the commitee and did most of the actual writing of the declaration of independence
patrick henry (matching)
emerged as a powerful supporter of independence; member of virginia's committee of correspondence and a delegate 2 both continental congresses; argued that the dispute btwn colonies and the crown couldn't be resolved.
horatio gates (matching)
general; after burgoyne and his men crossed hudson river, they clashed wit gates' and his men at the battle of saratoga
francois de grasse (matching)
admiral; french naval commander in west indies; moving his fleet north to block chesapeke bay
sugar act (m/c)
law passed by parliament imposing taxes on molasses, sugar, and other items imported by the colonies
stamp act (m/c)
law passed by parliament that placed a tax on printed matter
nonimportation agreements (m/c)
documents signed by colonial merchants promising not to buy or import british goods
committee of correspondence (m/c)
group formed in the 1770s to keep colonists informed about british violations of their rights
quebec act (m/c)
law enacted by parliament; extended quebec's boundary south 2 the ohio river and granted full religous freedom to french roman catholics
1st continental congress (m/c)
convention of colonial delegates to discuss their grievances against parliament
2nd continental congress (m/c)
meeting of colonists in philadelphia 2 decide how 2 react 2 fightin at lexington and concord
lexington and concord (m/c)
general gage decided 2 seize rebel military supplies stored in concord, massachusetts; april 18, 1775 - undercover of night some 750 british troops left boston and rowed across the charles river; patriots had stationed watchmen on the far shore; when gage's force emerged from darkness, patriots paul revere and william dawes later joined by samuel prescott galloped off to alert the sleeping house holds, shouting the alarm "the british are coming!"; patriots throughtout the countryside hurriedly gathered to confront the british; on april 19 captain john parker and about 70 minutemen waited for the british soldiers on the lexington village green. when british patrol arrived, its commander shouted, "lay down your arms, you...rebels, and disperse!"; colonists began 2 leave, still holding their guns. suddenly sum1 - each side later accused the other - fired "the shot heard around the world."; a barrage of british gunfire followed; when the smoked cleared, 8 colonists lay dead and 10 others were wounded; redcoats marched 2 concord; destroyed some patriot supplies then started back toward boston; from behind stone walls along the route, hundres of minutemen fired steadily at the retreating troopl the red uniforms and orderly marching formations used by the british made them easy targets; patriots were quite successful, sufferening fewer than 100 casualties in the day's fighting, while killing or wounding 273 british soldiers
characteristics of redcoats and colonial soldiers (m/c)
redcoats - wore bright red coats; marched orderly

colonial soldiers -
Battle of Saratoga (m/c)
1777 - turning point of rev. war; patriot victory led 2 more supporst from european powers; general "gentelman johnny" burgoyne made a plan - 3 seperate british forces would meet up at albany, ny. (they didnt no that their route crossed many lakes, swamps, hills, and forests in areas teeming wit patriots); burgoyne's plan failed miserably - 2 of the forces those under colonel barry st. leger and general howe never met up wit burgoyne's troops. burgoyne's men left canada in early june and began marching southward. they were hampered by trails and bridges destroyed by american militia. in sept. burgoyne and his men finally crossed the hudson river where they clashed wit patriot forces under general horatio gates (this clash wuz the battle of saratoga)
Battle of Trenton (m/c)
rev. war battle in NJ in 1776 - which patriot forces captured more than 900 hessian troops fighting for britain; hessians quickly surrendered; of the 1,400 hessian soldiers at trenton, abt 120 were killed or wounded, and 918 were taken prisoner. americans suffered just 5 wounded and no dead in the battle
battle of yorktown (m/c)
1781 - last major battle of the rec. war; site of british general charles cornwallis' surrender to the patriots in VA; they surrendered on oct. 19, 1781
proclamation of 1763 (id)
british ban on colonial settlement west of the appalachian mountains
hessians (m/c)
german mercenaries
sons of liberty (id)
colonial group formed to protest british taxes; samuel adams is leader
boston massacre (id)
1770 - incident in which british soldiers fired into a group of colonists gathered in front of a customs house killing several ppl
boston tea party (id)
1773 - protest against the tea act in which a disorder and the firing of all striking officers
intolerable acts (id)
1774 - coercive acts; four laws passed by parliament to punish colonists for the boston tea party and to tighten government control of the colonies
tea act (id)
1773 - law passed by parliament that excused the british east india company from paying certain duties and allowed it to sell tea directly 2 american agents, resulting in a fall in colonial tea prices; colonists responded with the boston tea party
guerilla warfare (id)
type of fightin in which soldiers use swift hit-and-run attacks to wear down the enemy
treaty of paris 1783 (id)
peace agreement that officially ended the rec. war and established britain's formal recognition of the U.S
events btwn 1763 - 1775 that led to the american rev. (essay)
1763 - proclamation of 1763 issued; france is forced to give up north american empire; pontiac's rebellion
1764 - sugar act
1765 - stamp act; samuel adams elected to the mass. house of reps.; stamp act of congress; quatering act
1766 - declatory act; repealed stamp act
1767 - townshend acts
1770 - boston massacre
1772 - the Crown announced that it would pay the salaries of the governot and judges in mass.
1773 - tea act; boston tea party; intolerable acts
1774 - quebec act; reps from every colony except Georgia attended the 1st continental congress in philadelphia
1775 - battle of lexington and concord; 2nd continental congress met; battle for boston
payment of colonial governors and judges
in 1772 the crown annouced that it - not the colonial legislature - would pay the salaries of the governor and judges in massachusetts. colonists feared that if these officals didn't depend on the legislature fot their pay, they might more readily ignore colonial demands.
breed's hill (bunker hill) (m/c)
june 17, 1775 - atop 2 hills overlooking boston harbor (bunker hill and breed's hill) - new england militamen dug in, waiting an attack by british troops. to save ammunition and american commander ordered his men: "don't one of you fire until you see the whites of their eyes."
boundaries of U.S. (m/c)
land from the atlantic coast westward to the mississippi river and from the great lakes south to florida
baron von steuben (matching)
from prussia; took charge of training the continental army
benedict arnold (matching)
maj. gneral benedict arnold heroically fought at saratoga but later turned into a traitor
patriot advantage over british (m/c)
they have european aid; French provided americans with gold, naval support, supplies, and troops.
african-american role in revolution (m/c)
George Washington ordered no black soldiers could serve in the continental army. in late 1775, the royal governor of VA offered freedom to slaves who would leave their owners to fight for the British cause. In a single week some 300 african americans took up his offer. Then, the continental army began to enlist free african americans.
native american role in revolution (m/c)
when pontiac's rebellion ended, britain issued the proclamation of 1763, which stopped settlement west of the appalachian mountains. that angered the colonists. this wuz one of the "seeds of unrest"
treaty of paris (1763) (id)
ended hostilities in north america and awarded territories; victorious british claimed canada and all french holdings east of the mississippi river except new orleans; spain (joined the french war effort in 1762) surrendered florida to the british
colonial governments
they had no real government bcuz they were governed by britain they had the 1st and 2nd continental congresses but they were only meetings and they had a legislature and judges and courts but they never had a real government