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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Asimilación
Combining two neighboring sounds into one
Disimilación
Dividing two combined sounds into two separate ones
Metátesis
Switching two sounds
Apócope
Loss of the final elements of a word
Aféresis
Loss of the initial elements of a word
Epéntesis
Addition of new elements in the interior of a word
Prótesis
Addition of elements at the beginning of a word
Aspiración
Opening of the articulatory canal that creates a strong emission of air
Desafricación
Loss of the element of blockage in an africative consonant
Ensordecimiento
Change of a voice consonant into an unvoiced one
Sonorización
Change of an unvoiced consonant into a voiced one
Adelantamiento
Movement of the point of articulation to a point further forward in the mouth
Retracción
Movement of the point of articulation to a point further back in the mouth
Monoptongación
Reduction of a diphthong to a simple vowel
Diptongación
Conversion of a simple vowel to a diphthong
Degeminación
Loss or reduction of a twinned consonant
Palatalización
Movement of the point of articulation to a the palate
Deslateralización
The point of articulation of a lateral consonant changes from two sides of the tongue to another area of the mouth
Fricatización
A stop changing into a fricative
Lenición
General term for whatever process changes to a more relaxed or weakened sound
Apertura
Process of vocal change in which the a closed vowel opens
Cerrazón
Process in which an open vowel closes
síncopa
losing a sound in the interior of a word