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52 Cards in this Set

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IN WHAT WAYS ARE ESTATES CREATED?
ORIGINAL ENTRY
INVOLUNTARY TRANSFER
VOLUNTARY TRANSFER
DESCENT(DEATH)
ADVERSE POSSESSION
ACCRETION
THE TRANSFER OF ONE'S PROPERTY TO ANOTHER IS _____
ALIENATION
TWO WAYS OF INVOLUNTARY TRANSFER(SALE WITHOUT OWNER'S CONSENT)
1. JUDICIAL SALE(OWES JUDGEMENT)
2. TAX SALE
VOLUNTARY TRANSFERS(ALIENATION) ARE BY:
WILL OR DEDICATION
_______ IS THE GRADUAL IMPERCEPTIBLE INCREASE OF LAND ON A SHORE OR BANK OF STREAM BY WATER THROUGH NATURAL CAUSES
ACCRETION
A FORM OF ACCRETION THAT IS THE ACCUMULATION OF LAND WHEN IT IS ADDED GRADUALLY AT THE SHORE OR BANK
ALLUVION
THE GRADUAL INCREASE IN LAND, DUE TO PERMANENT WITHDRAWAL OR RECEDING OF WATER
RELICTION
WHEN AN OWNER PUTS RESTRICTIONS ON HOW A LAND MAY OR MAY NOT BE USED IS CALLED A _____RESTRICTION
DEED
WHEN AN OWNER HAS THE RIGHT TO USE REAL PROPERTY OWNED BY ANOTHER BY A SPECIFIC REASON
EASEMENT
TWO TYPES OF EASEMENT ARE??
1.EASEMENT APPURTENANT(LIMITATION WRITTEN INTO THE DEED)
2.EASEMENT IN GROSS(SUCH AS THE RIGHT TO CROSS OVER LAND TO GET TO A PONG)
____POSSESSION WHEN ONE ENTERS INTO ACTUAL PHYSICAL POSSESSION OF THE LAND AND REMAINS ON IT EXCLUSIVELY,HOSTILEY,OPENLY AND NOTORIOUSLY
ADVERSE
EASEMENTS ARE CREATED BY:
DEED
NECESSITY(FORCE OF LAW)
PRESCRIPTION (OPEN CONTINUOUS ADVERSE TRESPASS
IMPLICATION
REASONS FOR TERMINATION OF EASEMENTS
BY RELEASE,BY MERGER,BY EXPIRATION,PRESCRIPTION,ABANDONMENT,ESTOPPEL,LICENSE,PROFIT A PRENDRE,ENCROACHMENTS,NUISANCE
TERMINATION OF EASEMENT BY _____ IS A LEGAL DOCTRINE WHICH BARS ONE'S ALLEGING OR DENYING A FACT
ESTOPPEL
TERMINATION BY _____IS WHEN THE SERVIENT TENANT HAS USED HIS LAND CONTINUOUSLY AND INTERRUPTEDLY FOR A PERIOD OF TIME
PRESCRIPTION
AN _______IS AN ILLEGAL INFRINGEMENT UPON THE PROPERTY OF ANOTHER
ENCROACHMENT
A_____IS AN UNWARRANTED UNREASONABLE OR UNLAWFUL ACTIVITY ON ONE'S PROPERTY THAT INTERFERES WITH THE NEIGHBOR'S ENJOYMENT OF PROPERTY
NUISANCE
A ____ _ ___ IS THE RIGHT TO TAKE SOMETHING FROM THE LAND OF ANOTHER (WATER, MINERALS,GAME)
PROFIT A PRENDRE
A _____ IS THE RIGHT GIVEN TO ANOTHER, BY THE PROPERTY OWNER,TO USE HIS LAND FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
LICENSE
WHEN A NUISANCE BOTHERS ONE PERSON IT'S CALLED A ___NUISANCE, WHEN ITS MANY IT'S A ___NUISANCE
PRIVATE
PUBLIC
WHEN SOMEONE DIES WITHOUT HEIRS THEIR PROPERTY GOES TO THE ___AND THIS IS CALLED WHAT?
STATE
ESCHEAT
POLICE POWER PLACES LIMITATIONS ON CITIZENS BY;
HEALTH AND SANITATION
ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION
SUBDIVISION REGULATIONS
BUILDING CODES
PLANNING AND ZONING LAWS
_____IS SEEN AS A FUNCTION OF LOCAL GOVT TO SERVE AS THE BLUEPRINT FOR THE FUTURE
PLANNING
A _____ORDINANCE CONSISTS OF A MAP SHOWING THE LOCATION OF THE PROPERTY TO REGULATE USE OF LAND AREAS
ZONING
5 ZONING ORDINANCES ARE:
1.NONCOMFORMING USE
2.VARIANCE(EXCEPTION)
3.SPOT ZONING
4.BUFFER ZONE(SEPERATES)
5.TAXATION OF REAL ESTATE
3 EXAMPLES OF GENERAL LIENS:
FEDERAL TAX LIENS
STATE TAX LIENS
DECEDENT'S DEBT LIEN
TWO TYPES OF LIENS BY CREDITORS:
GENERAL
SPECIFIC
A______LIEN ATTACHES TO A PARTICULAR PIECE OF PROPERTY
SPECIFIC
A _____LIEN IS A LIEN BINDING THE SPECIFIC PROPERTY PLEDGED AS SECURITY FOR REPAYMENT OF A DEBT
MORTGAGE
SPECIFIC LIENS CONSIST OF 4 TYPES
1.MORTGAGE
2.AD VOLOREM PROPERTY TAX LIEN
3.SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS
4.MECHANIC'S LIEN
__ _____ PROPERTY TAX LIEN ARE A FIRST LIEN AGAINST THE PROPERTY TAXED AND BECOME SO AUTOMATICALLY
AD VOLOREM
SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS ARE CHARGES MADE UPON SPECIFIC REAL PROPERTY THAT HAS BENEFITTED BY A LOCAL ______.
IMPROVEMENT
A LIEN ON PROPERTY BY SOMEONE WHO PERFORMS LABOR ON THE PROPERTY IS A ______LIEN.
MECHANIC'S
A _____IS THE COURT'S FINAL ORDER IN A LAWSUIT THAT THE DEFENDANT MUST PAY THE PLAINTIFF.
JUDGEMENT
SOIL THAT BUILDS UP AS A RESULT OF ACCRETION IS;
ALLUVIUM
THE SUDDEN WASHING OR TEARING OF LAND BY WATER IS_____.
AVULSION
SPECIFIC LIENS ARE AGAINST A _____PROPERTY
SPECIFIC
_____TAX ALWAYS TAKES THE PRIORITY LIEN REGARDLESS OF DATE OF RECORD
PROPERTY
A MECHANICS LIEN MUST BE FILED WITHIN ____ DAYS AFTER WORK IS COMPLETED
180
TO TRANSFER PROPERTY BY WILL IS TO _____THE PROPERTY
DEVISE
PRIVATE LAND USE CONTROLS ARE REFLECTED IN DEED AS A_____
RESTRICTION
A CERTIFICATE OF _____ENABLES YOU TO MOVE IN
OCCUPANCY
CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY DOES WHAT 3 THINGS?
1.INDICATES THERE ARE NO BUILDING VIOLATIONS
2.ISSUED BY GOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY
3.ALLOWS THE PROPERTY TO CLOSE & BUYER TO OCCUPY
A _____ZONE IS A STRIP OF LAND (NORMALLY WITH TREES) THAT SEPERATES TWO POSSIBLY CONFLICTING LAND USES
BUFFER
WHAT IS THE RIGHT FOR GOVERNMENT TO SEIZE PROPERTY?
EMINENT DOMAIN
(PUBLIC GOOD, RIGHT OF COMPENSATION, RIGHT TO APPEAL(FOR COMPENSATION ONLY).)
______ IS THE ACTUAL ACT OF THEM BULLDOZING AN EMINENT DOMAIN
CONDEMNATION
IF YOU HAVE NO WILL, NO HEIRS, AND YOUR PROPERTY RETURNS TO THE STATE, WHAT DOES THE GOVERNMENT DO TO YOUR PROPERTY?
THEY ESCHEAT IT
HOW DO YOU FIGURE CONVEYANCE TAX (DEED RECORDING FEE)?
1.85 PER/500.00
ALWAYS ROUND TO THE NEXT DOLLAR
FORMULA FOR SC REAL PROPERTY TAX (SIX STEPS)
1.TAX APPRAISED VALUE x 2.ASSESSMENT RATIO 4 OR 6%x 3. ASSESSED VALUE x MILLAGE RATE x 4. MILLAGE RATE x 5. TAX BILL. 5. SC TAXABLE YEAR
OWNER OCCUPIED PROPERTY TAX IS __%. ALL OTHER PROPERTY IS ___%.
4
6
A ____ ____ IS A RECORDED DOCUMENT THAT GIVES CONSTRUCTIVE NOTICE OF PENDING ACTION
LIS PENDENS
CREDITOR LIMITATIONS ON INDIVIDUAL AND ALL HIS PROPERTY ARE _____LIMITATIONS
GENERAL