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43 Cards in this Set

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negative attitudes held about members of certain racial or ethnic groups (also sex, disabled, etc.); based on thoughts & feelings (not behaviors)
prejudice
the view of things in which one's own group is the center of everything & all others are scaled & rated with reference to it
ethnocentrism
group viewed in positive terms
in-group
group viewed in negative terms
out-group
an exaggerated belief associated with a category; function is to justify our conduct in relation to that category
stereotype
learned bias tied to child rearing; rigid adherence to conventional ideas of right & wrong; respect for & submission to authority; follow leaders blindly; hostile attitudes to those that are differnt; scapegoating & projection
authoritarian personality
perception that one's condition is worse than that of others, who serve as a basis for comparison; economy ==> frustration
relative depravation
ethnocentrism; out-group stereotyping; preferred group status (rights & privileges); perceived threat by group status
in-group
linking to variables with little or no relationship; assumptions
illusory correlation
the part of the individual's self concept which derives from their knowledge of their membership of a social group together with the value & emotional significance of that membership
social identity theory
used to reduce information and ease social interaction; leads to prejudices and stereotypes which leads to biases
social categorization
increased contact between groups leads to decrease prejudices
contact hypothesis
reflects an outward yielding to group pressure w/o producing changes in person's private beliefs/attitudes
compliance
behavioral response to social influence that leads a person to yield to group pressure
conformity
1/3 of subjects conformed to group answer
Asch conformity study
do small favors first, bigger favors later; self-perception of willing to help, then can be "used" later on
foot-in-the-door
large request(refused) followed by a smaller one (accepted); reciprocation/compromise
door-in-the-face
another name for the method:
large request(refused) followed by a smaller one (accepted); reciprocation/compromise
rejection-then-retreat
set low standard then retract with different offers; consistency & commitment; car sales tactic
lowballing
legitmiate domination (authority):
having an air about them; ex. Jesus, Hitler
chrismatic
legitmiate domination (authority):
merit; police officer
legal-rational
legitmiate domination (authority):
based on history; ex. church, parents
traditional
cultural values influence conformity; collectivist countries are more susceptible to normative social influence
Bond & Smith conformity study
behavioral response to command or order
obedience
fashion plays a role in assigning status; once trend catched on from upper class --> to lower class then new fashion replaces old one
Simmel & Veblen's approach to fashion
collection of people sharing opinions on social issues; influence another group/individual; media plays large role
public opinion
intentional attempts to influence mass audiences through spoken, written techniques; ex. gov't in war, ads; rosie the riveter
propaganda
drawn to crowds because share similar attitudes, feelings and beliefs
convergence theory
perceptions of relative deprivation = frustration= social movements (Ex. French Rev., Civil rights)
relative depravation theory
social movements depend on political & economical resources; hostility from society toward social movements; from outside --> in
resource mobilization theory
dimension:
micro, him/her self
locus individual
dimension:
macro, beyond individual to society
supra individual
2 factors of Aberle's chart
locus of control, amount of change
crowd:
little emotional involvement
casual
crowd:
interaction in structured setting
conventional
crowd:
assembly with emotional release
expressive
crowd:
like assembly with emotional release, but designed toward objective
acting
crowd:
deilberatley assembled; contain leadership design to draw public support
protest
pedestrian observation
casual crowd
movie audience
conventional crowd
sports game
expressive crowd
lynch mob
acting crowd
civil rights
protest crowd