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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The comparative study of past and present cultures
anthropology
the ability to see the connection between the larger world and your personal life
sociological imagination
the study of the choices people make in an effort to satisfy their needs and wants
economics
study of the organization and operation of governments
political science
anything that represents something else
symbol
the unintended and unrecognized consequence of an element of society
latent function
the study of past events
history
the ability to see the connection between the larger world and your personal life is what sociologist C. Wright Mills called
the sociological imagination
people who focus on the forces in society that promote competition and change employ the
conflict perspective
the phrase "survival of the fittest", or the belief that the best aspects of society would survive over time, was coined by
Karl Marx
an intended and recognized consequence of some element of society is a
manifest function
the social science that studies human society and social behavior is
sociology
The social science that deals with the behavior and thinking of organisms is
psychology
this perspective focuses on how individuals interact with one another in society
interactionist
the social science that differs from sociology primarily in that it focuses on individual behavior rather than on group behavior is
psychology
Herbert Spencer was strongly influence by the views of ____, an evolutionist from the 1800's.
Charles Darwin
the consequence that an element of society produces for the maintenance of its social system is a
function
the disciplines that study human social behavior or institutions and functions of human society in a scientific manner are
social sciences
one of the first sociologists to systematically apply the methods of science to the study of society was
Emile Durkheim
Who coined the term "sociology" to describe the study of society
Auguste Comte
Which of the following does not describe bourgeisie?
A) Capitalists
B) Own the Means of Production
C) Workers
D) A class of society
C) Workers
Who conducted a study in 1897, "Suicide", which examined suicide rates in several European countries
Emile Durkheim
Symbolic interaction is:
A) The process of focusing on how people use symbols when interacting
B) part of the interactionist perspective
C) Both A and B
D) Neither A or B
C) both A and B
Sociologists refer to observable facts or events that involve human society as
social phenomena
Functionalists view certain elements in society as _____, representing the negative consequences that elements have for the stability of the social system.
dysfunctional
By adopting a ______, you can look beyond commonly held beliefs to the hidden meanings behind human actions.
sociological perspective
T/F Social sciences are the observable facts or events that involve human society.
false
T/F A function is the consequence that an element of society produces for the maintenance of its social system.
true
T/F People who employ the interactionist perspective focus on the forces in society that promote competition and change.
false
T/F A latent function is the intended and recognized consequence of some element of society
False
T/F Political science is the study of past events.
False
T/F Symbolic interaction is where interactionists focus on how people use symbols when interacting.
true
T/F A dysfunction is the negative consequence an element has for the stability of the social system
True
The view of society as a set of interrelated parts that work together to produce a stable social system.
Functionalist perspective
An explanation of the relationships among particular phenomena.
theory
A viewing of the behavior of groups in a systematic way.
sociological perspective