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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Defining Social Psychology
The scientific study of how we relate, influence, and think about oneanother.
Pervasivness of social influence.
Our thoughts, feelings, behavior are influenced by:
• the people around us
• the groups to which we belong
• our personal relationships
• the teaching of our parents
• the culture we live in
• our past experiences
Two fundamental axioms
construction pervasivnes
of reality of social

Scientific theory
• A statement about constructs – abstract
• describing causal relations – a change in one
construct produces a corresponding change
in another construct – cause / effect…
• general in scope – applicability of results
across several factors, populations, situations
a good theory
correlational study
looks for association between variables
(correlation coefficient)
researchers simply measures iv and dv
can examine naturally occuring variables
can examin difficult or unethical situations
experimental studies
*looking to find causal relationships
*can manipulate iv to measure dv
*has random assignment
random assignment
subjects has equal chance of being in any one perticular group of study
3 types of validity of a study
construct validity
degree variables reflect the hypothetical construct
internal validity
degree to what is observed actually exists between the variables, how the study is designed.
external validity
degree study works for other participants in other studies
correspondent inference theory
1. expectedness of behavior
2. actor's degree of choice
covariation model
consensus- did others behave the same?
distinctiveness- did actor behave same in other situations?
consistensy-did actor behave the same at other times.
fundamental attribution error/correspondence bias
A likelyhood to attribute others behaviors internally or dispositionally
actor vs. observer difference
us-external, them-internal
self-serving attributions
bad outcome-external
good outcome-internal
self-perception theory
people draw inferences from our own behavior
social comparison theory
people compare themselves to relevant others
constructing a coherent self-concept
people want to be able to explain their own behavior in a all encompassing neat orderly way (what distinguishes us from others become defining features of self)
what makes a paricular social identity salient
-direct reminders of group memebership
-presence of in or out group members
-being a minority
-asymmetrical positions
-conflict or rivalry
what an individual knows about themsleves, i.e. group memebership, personal qualities etc.
how we feel about ourselves, positive or negative evaluation of self.