• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/27

Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The study of human population
Demography
The incidence of childbearing in a country's population
Fertility
The number of live births in a given year for every 1,000 people in a population
Crude birth rate
The incidence of death in a country's population
Mortality
The number of deaths in a given year for every 1,000 people in a population
Crude death rate
The number of deaths among infants under one year of age for each 1,000 live births in a given year
Infant mortality rate
The average life span of a country's population
Life expectancy
The movement of people into and out of a specified territory
Migration
The number of males for every 100 females in a nation's population
Sex ratio
A graphic representation of the age and sex of a population
Age-sex pyramid
A thesis that links population patterns to a society's level of technological development
Demographic transition theory
The rate of reproduction that maintains population at a steady level
Zero population growth
The concentration of population into cities
Urbanization
A large city that socially and economically dominates an urban area
Metropolis
Urban ares beyond the political boundaries of a city
Suburbs
A vast urban region containing a number of cities and their surrounding suburbs
Megalopolis
A type of social organization in which people are closely tied by kinship and tradition
Gemeinschaft
A type of social organization in which people come together only on the basis of individual self-interest
Gesellschaft
The study of the link between physical and social dimensions of cities
Urban ecology
The study of the interaction of living organisms and the natural environment
Ecology
Earth's surface and atmosphere, including living organisms, air, water, soil, and other resources necessary to sustain life
Natural environment
The interaction of all living organisms and their natural environment
Ecosystem
Profound long-term harm to the natural environment caused by humanity's focus on short-term material affluence
Environmental deficit
Regions of dense forestation, most of which circle the globe close to the equator
Rain forests
A rise in Earth's average temperature due to an increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
Global warming
Patterns of development that expose poor people, especially minorities, to environmental hazards
Environmental racism
A way of life that meets the needs of the present generation without threatening the environmental legacy of future generations
Ecologically sustainable culture