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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The study of human population
The incidence of childbearing in a country's population
The number of live births in a given year for every 1,000 people in a population
Crude birth rate
The incidence of death in a country's population
The number of deaths in a given year for every 1,000 people in a population
Crude death rate
The number of deaths among infants under one year of age for each 1,000 live births in a given year
Infant mortality rate
The average life span of a country's population
Life expectancy
The movement of people into and out of a specified territory
The number of males for every 100 females in a nation's population
Sex ratio
A graphic representation of the age and sex of a population
Age-sex pyramid
A thesis that links population patterns to a society's level of technological development
Demographic transition theory
The rate of reproduction that maintains population at a steady level
Zero population growth
The concentration of population into cities
A large city that socially and economically dominates an urban area
Urban ares beyond the political boundaries of a city
A vast urban region containing a number of cities and their surrounding suburbs
A type of social organization in which people are closely tied by kinship and tradition
A type of social organization in which people come together only on the basis of individual self-interest
The study of the link between physical and social dimensions of cities
Urban ecology
The study of the interaction of living organisms and the natural environment
Earth's surface and atmosphere, including living organisms, air, water, soil, and other resources necessary to sustain life
Natural environment
The interaction of all living organisms and their natural environment
Profound long-term harm to the natural environment caused by humanity's focus on short-term material affluence
Environmental deficit
Regions of dense forestation, most of which circle the globe close to the equator
Rain forests
A rise in Earth's average temperature due to an increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
Global warming
Patterns of development that expose poor people, especially minorities, to environmental hazards
Environmental racism
A way of life that meets the needs of the present generation without threatening the environmental legacy of future generations
Ecologically sustainable culture