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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
deposition
the process of dropping of sediments
amount of light earth receives from a star
apparent magnitude
object moving towards
blue shift
amount of light actually given off
absoulute magnitude
a mixture of weathered rock and organic matter
soil
rock spikes from ceiling
stalactites
molten rock from a volcano flowing on earths surface
lava
a plate moves over a hot area in the earth and when the plate moves it makes islands
hot spots
fossils from species that existed on earth for short peiods of time but were geographicly wide spread
index fossils
a small object moving thru space before it enters our atmosphere
meteoroid
once the METEOR hits the ground it becomes a..
meteorite
inner core
liquid
the process that moves weathered sediments from one location to another
erosion
water cycle
evaporation
condensation
precipitation
run off
ground water
warm core tropical cyclone.. maximum winds- 74 mph or greater
hurricane
layer of permeable rock that transmits water freely
aquifier
the area where all of the pores in the rocks are completely filled with water
zone of saturation
a well in which pressure causes water to come up to the surface..no pump needed
artesian well
vernal equinox
spring..
march 20/21
a list of common minerals and hardness
moh's hardness scale
found on hillsides where the water table is exposed to the surface
spring
small channel on the side of the slope
rills
a measure of the amount of the water in the air
relative humidity
amount of water vapor in the air
humidity
has 100% relative humidity
saturated air
process in which minerals are dissolved in water and carried down a soil profile
leaching
cinder cone..
made of layers of tephra..steep sides, not very tall, violent eruptions
cloud getting water ready for rain
condensation
rain drizzle, etc.
precipitation
used to measure relative humidity
psychrometer
foliated, non-foliated
metamorphic
the temperature at which air is saturated and condensation takes place
dew point
the breaking of rocks into smaller fragments
weathering
the uppermost surface of the zone of saturation
water table
rising of water forming into clouds
evaporation
a naturally occuring solid with a definite structure and chemical composition
mineral
large grained cooled slowly intrusive
igneous
made of layrers of tephra, steep sides..not very tall, violent eruptions
cinder cone
winter solstice
dec 21/22.. south over tropic of capricorn
small mass of air that whirls rapidly..funnel shaped
tornado
shield cone..
layers of lava, broad flat sides..quiet eruptions
<-- --> what type of fault is this?
divergent...think of dividing <-- -->
rock under outer layer
mantle
spinning of earth on its axis period.. 23 hours 56 minutes (1 day)
RoTaTe
summer solstice
june 21/22.. north over tropic of cancer
crust..
outer layer of earth
autumnal equinox
fall..
september 22/23
made of one or more minerals
rock
(SHOOTING STAR) as the "meteoroid" passes thru the atmosphere it becomes a ..
meteor
shadows on right side of moon
waning
earth movement around the sun period.. 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes (1 year)
ReVoLvE
rock spikes from floor
stalagmites
shadows on left side of moon
waxing
made of north america, europe and asia
laurasia
loops or sheets of glowing gas ejected from an active region of the solar surface moving under the influence of the sun's magnetic field
prominences
two ocean plates push together..this makes volcanoes which make islands
island arcs
the fault where the left part points down and the right part points up
strike slip
when the entire disk of the sun is covered by the moon
totality
"snowy dirt balls" that orbit the sun
comet
--> <-- what type of fault is this?
convergent..think of "come together right now"
object moving away
red shift
antarctica, india, australia, south america
gondwanaland
rock that has few or no pore spaces so that water can;t pass thru
permeable
coprolite
animal droppings
a distance north or south of the equator expressed in degrees
latitude
more violent than prominences
solar flares
an imaginary line that circles earth halfway between the north and south poles
equator
rocks that allow water to pass thru them
impermeable
sediments may fill in the mold and take out shape of original object
cast
sediments around an object turn to rock
mold
made of layers of lava and tephra..steep sides, typically large..violent eruptions
composite cone
signs that an organism was there
trace fossils
whole or parts of the actual organism remain intact
original remains
some or all of the original materials in the remains have been replaced by minerals
petrified remains
relatively small rocky objects that revolve around the sun
asteroid
an imaginary line running from the north pole to the south pole
prime meridian
a distance east or west of the prime meridian expressed in degrees
longitude
the 180degree meridian
international date line
molten rocke beneath earths suface
magma
the energy waves that make the ground awake during an earthquake
Seismic waves
igneaous rocks that form beneath earth's surface
intrusive
bacteria thought to be one of the earliest life forms
cyanobacteria
when the dinosaurs all died off
extinction of dinosaurs
mass per unit volume
density
rock formed from compaction and cemetation
sedimentary
igneous rocks that form when magma extrudes into earths surface and cools as lava
extrusive
when metal is exposed to water and oxygen..RUSt
oxidation
dark colored organic matter made of pieces of decaying plants and animals
humus
cloud of stars or dust
nebula
group of chemicals used as refridgerents
chlorofluorocarbons