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29 Cards in this Set

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An umbrella-shaped muscle separating the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity.
diaphragm
The two muscles located on either side of the lumbar vertebral column.
psoas major
The six organs of the digestive system.
1)oral cavity
2)pharynx
3)esophagus
4)stomach
5)small intestine
6)large intestine
The three digestive organs within the abdominal cavity.
1)stomach
2)small int
3)large int
The first organ of the digestive system, an expandable reservoir for food and fluids.
stomach
Three parts of the small intestine.
1)duodenum
2)jejunum
3)ileum
Three accessory organs of digestion.
1)pancreas
2)liver
3)gallbladder
Elongated gland posterior to the stomach.
Part of the endocrine and exocrine system.
pancreas
Largest solid organ in the body.
Produces of bile, which digests fats.
liver
A pear-shaped sac located below the liver.
Stores, concentrates, and releases bile when stimulated by the CCK hormone.
galbladder
A radiographic exam of the urinary system, wherein the contrast media is injected intravenously.
excretory or intravenous urogram (IVU)
Large serous, double-walled saclike membrane that covers most of the abdominal structures and organs.
peritoneum
The double fold of peritoneum extending anteriorly from the posterior abdominal wall completely enveloping a loop of small bowel.
mesentery
Connects the transverse colon to the great curvature of the stomach inferiorly.
greater omentum
Extends superiorly from the lesser curvature of the stomach to portions of the liver.
lesser omentum
Performed most commonly to evaluate and diagnose conditions or diseases related to bowel obstruction and/or perforation.
acute abdomen series
What does the AAS demonstrate using horizontal beam erect or decubitus body position?
air-fluid levels and possible intraperitoneal "free" air
An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity of the abdomen.
Ascites
Refers to free air or gas in the peritoneal cavity.
Caused by perforation of a gas-containg viscus, such as by a gastric or duodenal ulcer.
Pneumoperitoneum
Complete or nearly complete blockage of the flow of intestinal contents.
Mechanical bowel obstruction
The most common cause of mechanical-based obstruction, in which a fibrous band of tissue interrelates with intestine, creating a blockage.
Fibrous adhesions
A chronic inflammation of the intestinal wall that results in bowel obstruction in at least half of thos afflicted.
Cause is unknown.
Crohn's disease
The telescoping of a section of bowel into another loop, creating an obstruction.
Most common in the ileus.
Intussusception
The twisting of a loop of intestine, creating an obstruction.
Volvulus
Categorized as adynamic ileus and is most frequently caused by paralytic ileus, which is caused by lack of intestinal motility.
Ileus-nonmechanical bowel obstruction
A chronic disease involving inflammation of the colon that occurs primarily in young adults and most frequently involves the rectosigmoid region.
Ulcerative colitis
Barium enema is strongly contraindicated with symptoms of what?
toxic megacolon
Exposure factors
Decrease with everything except ascites(increase with this)
Seven landmarks of the abdomen.
1)xiphoid tip (T9-T10)
2)inferior costal (rib) margin (L2-L3)
3)Iliac crest (L4-L5)
4)ASIS
5)greater trochanter
6)symphysis pubis
7)ischial tuberosity