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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are some general traits of the Romantic Era?
1. Subjective emotion
2. Fantasy; world of dreams
3. Chivalry and Romance
4. Love of Nature
What is the time frame for the Romantic Era?
What are the traits of Romantic Era music?
1. Individuality of Style
2. Expressive Aims (heart on sleeve)
3. Nationalism and Exoticism
4. Program Music
5. Emphasis on virtuosity
Program Music
1. Instrumental music that tells a story/poem/idea/scene
2. Sonata form (w/ slow intro and coda)
3. Shakespeare and Goethe - very popular writers who inspired program music
Tone Color of Romantic Music
1. More instruments (100+)
2. Harp, brass, percussion
Harmony of Romantic Music
Chromatic - more chords and therefore richer
Dynamics, pitch, and tempo of Romantic Music
1. Very, very soft and then supremely loud
2. High pitch
Tempo Rubaro
Speeding up or slowing down for expressive purposes
Nicolo Paganini
Virtuoso violinist of the 1830s
Franz Schubert
1. Contemporary Viennese composer
2. Composed individual songs as well as chamber music
Absolute Music
Everything instrumental other than program music
Art Song
Work for solo voice w/ piano accompaniment
German Lieder
German serious composition made up of beautiful melodies and chromatic harmony
Romantic Era Composers
1. Feliz Mendelssohn
2. Robert Schumann
3. Frederick Chopin
4. Franz Liszt
5. Hector Berlioz
6. Bedrich Smetana
7. Antonin Dvorak
Felix Mendelssohn
1. Most privileged upbringing
2. Wrote music for Midsummer Night's Dream
3. Violin Concerto in E Minor (most acclaimed)
Robert Schumann
1. Named his son after Felix
2. Neue Zeitschrift fur Musik
3. Carnaval - piano composition for masked ball
4. Wrote "Chiarina" for child prodigy Clara Wieck, marries her
5. "Chopin", composed in Chopin's honor
Frederick Chopin
1. "Poet of Piano"
2. Single instrament composer
3. Polish weakling
4. George Sand was the pen name of his lover
5. Nocturne in E flat Major to represent the night
6. Moved to Paris and taught piano to wealthy people
7. Etude Revolutionary - took an excercize and made it art
Franz Liszt
1. Fan of Paganini
2. Wrote Symphonic (tone) poems
3. Writer of Transcendental Etudes
Hector Berlioz
1. Flambouyant Parisian
2. Wrote Symphonie Fantastique
3. Invented term "idee fixe"
Nationalist Czechs
1. Bedrich Smetana - wrote Ma Vlast (6 symphonies)
2. Antonin Dvorak - wrote New World symphony