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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The discipline of histologic anatomy is concerned primarily with
a) the development of an individual
b) the study of the kidney
c) the study of the brain
c) the study of the brain
The fundamental unit of living things is the
a) tissue
b) cell
c) organ
d) organ system
b) cell
All the following are basic types of human tissues except
a) connective tissue
b) nervous tissue
c) epithelial tissue
d) squamous tissue
d) squamous tissue
Several organs having related functions working together constitute
a) a tissue
b) an organ system
c) an organism
d) a cell
c) an organism
The metabolic process of catabolism involves the
a) buildup of organic matter
b) utilization of energy
c) breakdown of organic matter
d) absorption of nutrients
c) breakdown of organic matter
The bones of the skeletal system assist the function of movement
a) by producing white blood cells
b) by storing minerals
c) providing sites for the attachments of muscles
d) by conducting nerve impulses
c) providing sites for attachments of muscles
All of the following are charactoristics of growth except
a) an organism obtains materials from the environment
b) an organism uses its muscles to move
c) an organism increases its mass
d) the size of the body's cells increase
b) an organism uses its muscles to move
When the needs of the body's cells are met and the activities of the body are occurring smoothly, then the body is said to be in:
a) homeostasis
b) anabolic metabolism
c) growth
d) ipsilateral motion
a) homeostasis
A feedback system operating in the body may be
a) positive or negative
b) lateral or contralateral
c) regulatory or enabling
d) proximal or distal
a) positive or negative
All of the following characteristics apply to the body in the anatomical position except:
a) the eyes are forward
b) the arms are at the sides
c) the feet are together
d) the palms are facing the body
d) the palms are facing the body
Which of the following structures would be considered on the anterior aspect of the body?
a) the back of the head
b) the navel
c) the ears
d) the elbows
b) the navel
In relationship to the stomach, the spinal cord is
a) lateral
b) posterior
c) anterior
d) ventral
b) posterior
The directional term referring to an area toward the lower part of the body and away from the head
a) cephalic
b) cranial
c) superior
d) inferior
d) inferior
If structure A lies lateral to the body, then structure B is in the direction referred to as
a) proximal
b) medial
c) ventral
d) anterior
b) medial
Relative to each other, the right and left arms are
a) proximal
b) frontal
c) contralateral
d) caudal
c) contralateral
In comparison to the knee joints, the hip joint of the body is said to be
a) proximal
b) superficial
c) inferior
d) dorsal
a) proximal
In comparison to the skin, the muscles are
a) superficial
b) deep
c) lateral
d) cephalic
b) deep
Because the left arm and left leg are on the same side of the body, they are said to be
a) transverse
b) epigastric
c) ventral
d) ipsilateral
d) ipsilateral
Compared to the upper arm, the fingers are
a) superficial
b) distal
c) parasagittal
d) horizontal
b) distal
A sagittal plane divides the body into
a) right and left sides
b) anterior and posterior portions
c) superior and inferior portions
d) lateral and contralateral portions
a)right and left sides
A cross section of an organ is made when it is divided across the
a) sagittal plane
b) midsagittal plane
c) coronal plane
d) transverse plane
d) transverse plane
The cranial cavity and spinal cavity make up the
a) inferior body cavity
b) superior body cavity
c) dorsal body cavity
d) ventral body cavity
c) dorsal body cavity
The mediastinum is located within the
a) pelvic portion of the abdominopelvic cavity
b) abdominal portion of the abdominopelvic cavity
c) spinal cavity
d) thoracic cavity
d) thoracic cavity
The hypogastric, iliac, and umbilical regions amy all be located in the
a) abdominopelvic cavity
b) right lower quadrant of the thoracic cavity
c) upper left quadrant of the spinal cavity
d) dorsal cavity
a) abdominopelvic cavity
The serous fluid secreted by serous membranes
a) is the site of red blood cell production
b) contains digestive enzymes
c) permits organs to slide easily by each other
d) is the medium for transport of hormones in the body
c) permits organs to slide easily by each other