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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Describe Lincoln's Plan for Reconstruction.
Pardon all confederates except high ranking confederate officials and those accused of crimes against prisoners of war. Make them swear allegiance to Union and promise to obey the laws. When 10% of those on the voting list do this, the state could form a new state government and send reps and senators to Congress.
Radical Republicans Plan for Reconstruction
Congress not the Pres, was responsible for Reconstruction. Sate gov to be formed a majority of those eligible to vote in 1860 would have to take an oath to support the Constitution.
Differences in the Ten Percent Plan vs Wade-Davis Bill
In Lincoln's Plan only 10% was the majority. In Wade-Davis majority wins. Lincoln wanted government to take control of Reconstruction. Wade-Davis wanted Congress to take control.
Radical Republicans Plan vs. Andrew Johnson
Rads - Wanted African American's to be apart in this.
Johnson - Each state declar seccession illegal. Swear allegiance to Union. Ratify the 13th Amendment. Exclude high ranking Confederates and wealthy Southern landowners from taking oath needed for voting priviliges. Failed to address the needs of former slaves in areas of land, voting rights, and protection under the law.
Role of Freedmen's Bureau
Assisted former slaves and poor whites in the south by distributing clothing and food and by setting up more than 40 hospitals, 4000 primary schools, 61 industrial institutions and 74 teacher training establishments.
Rules of "Black Codes"
Discriminatory laws that wer enacted in many southern states after the Civil War and that severely restricted African American lives. They couldn't carry guns, serve on juries, testifying against whites, marrying whites, starting their own businesses, and traveling without permits.
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Gave African Americans citizenship and forbade states from passing discriminatory laws like Black codes.
Johnson's response to the Freedman's Bureau and Civil Rights Act of 1866
He vetoed both. He said to goes further than what the authors wrote in the Constitution.
Congresstional Reconstruction
Radical and moderate republicans work together to shift control of the Reconstruction process from Exectutive branch to the legislature.
Provisions of the 14th Amendment
Provided a constitiutional basis for the Civil Rights Act. It made all persons born or naturalized in the United States citizens. All were entitled to equal protection of the law. No state could deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law. If states prevented a portion of its male citizens from voting, that state would lose a percentage of its congressional seats equal to percentage of citizens kept from polls. Barred most COnfederate leaders from holding federal or state offices unless permitted to do so by 2/3 majority vote of Congress.
Responses to 14th Amendment
Johnson believed amendments treated former confederate leaders too harshly and that it was wrong to force sates to accept an amendment the legislator had no part in drafting. Johnson advised Southern states to reject the amendment.It worked and amendment wasn't ratified until 1868.
Provisions of Reconstruction Act of 1867
-Abolished governments formed in the former Confederate states.
-Divided those states into five military districts.
-Set up requirements for readmission to the Union.
-Granted African American males to vote.
Why Tenure of Office Act Passed
First. The president can't remove a cabinet officer "during the term of the president by whom they may have been appointed" without the consent of two thirds of the Senate.
- This was to protect Secretary of War Edwin Stanton the Radical's ally who supported Congressional Reconstruction.
Connection of Andrew Johnson's impeachment to Tenure of Office Act
Because Johnson was violating the act of Tenure of Office by firing Stanton, they wanted to impeach him. Also they wanted him to be impeached because he was getting to their last nerves.
Candidates in 1868 election.
African Americans role in election.
-Horatio Seymour of New York for the Democrats.
-Republican opponent Ulysses S. Grant

About 500,000 Southern African Americans had voted, most of them for Grant so the importance of the African American vote to the Republican Party was obvious.
Political Issue addressed by 15th Amendment
Which states no one can be kept from votin gbecause of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. It affected the Northern's too, who barred African Americans from voting. This was an achievement for the Radicals because this gave them a chance to get more votes on their side instead of pro Confederate Southern whites taking African American's voting rights away.
Time period following the Civil War lasted from 1865, to 1877 which was when the government was rebuilding the South.
Radical Republicans
Supported aboltion and the war. Proposed laws to ensure African American rights like voting and full citizenship. Led by Senator Charles Sumner of Mass. and Representatvie Thaddeus Stevens of Penn.
The Pocket Veto
When a bill is passed less than ten days before the end of a congressional session the president can prevent its becoming a law by simply ignoring or "pocketing" it. This kills bills.