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67 Cards in this Set

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Conventional Antipsychotic

Action
Blocks dopamine
Conventional Antipsychotic

Side Effects
Cardiovascular (QT interval prolong),
Anticholinergic, EPS,
Weight gain, DM, hotosensitivity,
NMS, Monitor for EPS with AIMS
Conventional Antipsychotic

Indication
Positive symptoms of Schizophrenia
Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)

Drug Class
Conventional Antipsychotic
Haloperidol (Haldol)

Drug Class
Conventional Antipsychotic
Thiothixene (Navane)

Drug Class
Conventional Antipsychotic
Thioridazine (Mellaril)

Drug Class
Conventional Antipsychotic
Fluphenazine (Prolixin)

Drug Class
Conventional Antipsychotic
Atypical Antipsychotic

Action
Blocks dopamine and serotonin
Atypical Antipsychotic

Side Effects
Dizziness, drowsiness, constipation,
insomnia, hypotension, EPS, NMS
Atypical Antipsychotic

Indication
Negative symptoms of Schizophrenia
Olanzapine (Zyprexa)

Drug Class
Atypical Antipsychotic
Riperidone (Risperdal)

Drug Class
Atypical Antipsychotic
Quetiapine (Seroquel)

Drug Class
Atypical Antipsychotic
Zipreasidone (Geodon)

Drug Class
Atypical Antipsychotic
Aripiprazole (Abilify)

Drug Class
Atypical Antipsychotic
Clozapine (Clozaril)

Drug Class
Atypical Antipsychotic
Clozapine (Clozaril)

Side Effects
Blood dyscrasis
Monitor for angranulocytosis (fever,
sore throat, mouth sores) via WBC
Benzodiazepine (Antianxiety)

Action
Enhance inhibitory effects of GABA
Benzodiazepine (Antianxiety)

Side Effects
CNS Depression (Drowsiness, Sedation, Lethargy),
Paradoxical confusion, agitation, delirium (elderly)
TDM, Monitor LFT & Renal
Addictive, Contraidicated in pregnancy
Alprazolam (Xanax)

Drug Class
Benzodiazepine (Antianxiety)
Lorazepam (Ativan)

Drug Class
Benzodiazepine (Antianxiety)
Clonazepam (Klonopin)

Drug Class
Benzodiazepine (Antianxiety)
Oxazepam (Serax)

Drug Class
Benzodiazepine (Antianxiety)
Diazepam (Valium)

Drug Class
Benzodiazepine (Antianxiety)
Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)

Drug Class
Benzodiazepine (Antianxiety)
Nonbenzodiazepine (Antianxiety)

Action
Blocks serotinin
Nonbenzodiazepine (Antianxiety)

Side Effects
Dizziness, drowsiness, nausea,
excitement, headache
No muscle relaxant or anticonvulsive effects,
Lacks potential for abuse
Avoid in pregnancy/breast-feeding
Buspirone (BuSpar)

Drug Class
Nonbenzodiazepine (Antianxiety)
Tricyclic Antidepressants

Side Effects
Sedation, Orthostatic hypotension,
Anticholinergic effects
Avoid alcohol & prolonged exposure to sun
Amitriptyline (Elavil)

Drug Class
Tricyclic Antidepressant
Desipramine (Norpramin)

Drug Class
Tricyclic Antidepressant
Imipramine (Tofranil)

Drug Class
Tricyclic Antidepressant
SSRI (Antidepressant)

Action
Inhibits the reuptake of serotonin,
increasing the synaptic serotinin levels
SSRI (Antidepressant)

Side Effects
Headache, anxiety, insomnia, nausea,
vomitting, diarrhea, sedation, hypertension,
sexual dysfunction
Paroxetine (Paxil)

Drug Class
SSRI (Antidepressant)
Fluoxetine (Prozac)

Drug Class
SSRI (Antidepressant)
Sertraline (Zoloft)

Drug Class
SSRI (Antidepressant)
Escitalopram (Lexapro)

Drug Class
SSRI (Antidepressant)
Citalopram (Celexa)

Drug Class
SSRI (Antidepressant)
Fluvoxamine (Luvox)

Drug Class
SSRI (Antidepressant)
SNRI (Antidepressant)

Action
Inhibits the reuptake of serotonine and
norepinephrine, increases the synaptic levels
SNRI (Antidepressant)

Side Effects
Headache, anxiety, insomnia, nausea,
vomitting, diarrhea, sedation, hypertension,
sexual dysfunction
Venlafaxine (Effexor)

Drug Class
SNRI (Antidepressant)
Duloxetine (Cymbalta)

Drug Class
SNRI (Antidepressant)
Nefazodone (Serzone)

Drug Class
SNRI (Antidepressant)
MAOI (Antidepressant)

Action
Inhibit MAO, increasing serotonin &
norepinephrine in the synapse
MAOI (Antidepressant)

Side Effects
Anticholinergic side effects, CNS sitimulation,
orthostatic hypotension (elderly),
hypertensive crisis (tyramine foods)
Avoid foods rich in tyramine, life-threatening
reactions occur
MAOI (Antidepressant)

Foods to Avoid
Tyramine-rich foods
Matured/aged cheeses,
(incl. pizza, pastas that include their use)
Air dried, aged, and fermented meats,
Pickled herring
Broad bean pods
All tap & unpasteurized beers
Marmite, Sauerkraut,
Soy sauce, Soybean condiments
Phenelzine (Nardil)

Drug Class
MAOI (Antidepressant)
Tranylcypromine (Parnate)

Drug Class
MAOI (Antidepressant)
Isocarboxazid (Marplan)

Drug Class
MAOI (Antidepressant)
Divalproex sodium (Depakote)

Drug Class
Mood stabalizer (Anticonvulsant)
Carbamazepine (Tegretol)

Drug Class
Mood stabalizer (Anticonvulsant)
Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal)

Drug Class
Mood stabalizer (Anticonvulsant)
Levetiracetam (Keppra)

Drug Class
Mood stabalizer (Anticonvulsant)
Gabapentin (Neurontin)

Drug Class
Mood stabalizer (Anticonvulsant)
Lamotrigine (Lamictal)

Drug Class
Mood stabalizer (Anticonvulsant)
Lithium (Eskalith, Lithane, Lithobid)

Drug Class
Mood stabalizer
Lithium (Eskalith, Lithane, Lithobid)

Action
Action unknown
Gold Standard in Tx of Bipolar
Lithium (Eskalith, Lithane, Lithobid)

Side Effects
N/V, fine hand tremor, diarrhea,
polydipsia, polyuria

Toxicity: Coarse hand tremor, ataxia,
seizures, hypotension
Lithium (Eskalith, Lithane, Lithobid)

Monitoring
Therapeutic Range
TDM 0.6-1.2 mEq/L
Check UA, CBC, Thyroid function;
monitor for s/s of hypothyroidism
Stimulant Amphetamine

Action
Stimulate the sympathetic nervous system
Stimulant Amphetamine

Side Effects
Appetite suppression, insomnia, irritability,
weight loss, nausea, headache, palpitations,
blurred vision, dry mouth, constipation, dizziness
Can suppress growth in children
Do not combine with MAOI
AM dosing, drug holidays
Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta)

Drug Class
Stimulant Amphetamine
(Adderall)

Drug Class
Stimulant Amphetamine
Atomoxetine (Strattera)

Drug Class
Nonstimulant Amphetamine