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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the different types of leaves?
-simple
-palmately compound
-pinnately compound
-conifers
-specialized
What are the two types of palmate leaves?
-ternate (3 leaflets)
-palmate (5 leaflets)
What are the two types of pinnately compound leaves?
-pinnate (along single axis)
-bipinnate (divisions of two off single axis: 2 axes)
What are the different types of coniferous leaves?
-needle-like
-comb-like
-scale-like
What are some specialized leaves?
-cotyledons
-tendrils
-spines
-bracts
What can thorny/spiny/prickled plants offer?
-reduce homeowners insurance
What are some behavioral specialized leaves?
-venus fly trap
-sundew
-pitcher plant
-sensitive plant
What are the different types of leaf venation?
-parallel
-pinnate
-palmate
What are the different types of leaf arrangements on their branches?
-alternate
-opposite
-whorled
-basal rosette
What do buds do?
-protect flowers, leaves, and shoots
-good for winter ID of plants
What is the purpose of flowers?
-attract insect or animal pollinators
What are the female parts of a flower?
Pistil:
-stigma
-style
-ovary
What are the male parts of a flower?
Stamen:
-anther
-filament
What are the different types of flowers in terms of their componants?
-complete
-incomplete
-perfect
-imperfect
What are the different types of imperfect flowers?
-pistillate
-staminate
-monoecious
-dioecious
What is the difference between a complete flower and a perfect flower?
-complete flowers must have ALL components whereas a perfect flower must only have both sex parts (may be missing sepals)
What is a staminate flower?
-has only stamen (no pistil)
What are monoeciuos plants?
-has seperate male and female flowers but on ONE plant
What are curcurbit plants?
-squash flowers
What are dioecious plants?
-has seperate male and female plants (like kiwi)
What are the different types of flower heads?
-flowerhead (daisy)
-spathe (waxy red plant)
-bracts (iris)
-orchid flower (orchid)
What is a composite flower?
-has hundreds of flowers surrounded by flower petals
-sunflower, daisy, dandelion
What is the difference between a single and double flower?
-single flowers still have their male??? parts
-double flowers have turned their male??? parts into petals
What is the worlds largest flower?
-Rafflesia arnoldi from sumatra