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71 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which hormone promotes lipolysis in mother?
HPL
Which hormone protects fetal glucose supply?
HPL
Which hormone affects protein metabolism to provide fetus with amino acids?
HPL
Which hormone maintains the corpus luteum?
HCG
Which hormone is the basis for pregnancy tests?
HCG
HCG peaks at ___ weeks and plateaus at ___ weeks.
12-13; 20
Which hormone is the antagonist of insulin?
HPL
Which hormone is produced by the corpus luteum then the placenta?
progesterone
Which hormone maintains pregnancy?
progesterone
Which hormone inhibits the contractility of smooth muscle?
progesterone
Which hormone increases aldosterone?
progesterone
Which hormone is responsible for alveolar development in the breast?
progesterone
Which hormone inhibits prolactin?
progesterone
Which hormone decreases sensitivity to oxytocin?
progesterone
Which hormone stimulates the respiratory center to increase the rate which reduces the PCO2 level?
progesterone
Which hormone produces hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the uterus?
estrogen
Which hormone increases uterine blood supply?
estrogen
Which hormone produces breast development?
estrogen
Which hormone relaxes pelvic joints?
estrogen
Which hormone ripens the cervix?
estrogen
Which hormone affects blood composition?
estrogen
Which hormone promotes sodium and water retention by the kidneys?
estrogen
Which hormone is responsible for skin changes?
estrogen
Corpus luteum persists for about ___ weeks and produces progesterone to maintain the pregnancy.
10
Softening of the cervix is called?
Goodell's Sign
Uterus is out of the pelvis at ___ weeks.
12
Uterus is at the umbilicus at ___ weeks.
20
Vena cava syndrome is a risk at what trimester?
2nd and 3rd
Uterus measurement in cm = ?
weeks of gestation + or - 2 cm
5 symptoms of vena cava syndrome?
-seizure
-diaphoresis
-light-headedness
-passing out
During the 3rd trimester, Braxton Hicks contractions occur every ___ - ___ min.
10;20
More than 6 contractions an hour would indicate?
preterm labor
Increased vascularizatin of the cervix is called?
Chadwick's sign
Colostrum is present as early as the ___ trimester.
2nd
During pregnancy, blood volume increases ___%.
35
Blood volume maxes at ___ - ___ weeks.
32;34
Blood volume increases by approximately ___ - ___ cc.
1000;1500
Plasma volume increases ___%
45
RBC volume increases ___%
20
CO increases ___%
40
HR increases ___ - ___ BPM.
10;15
Peripheral resistance decreases ___%.
15
BP decreases ___ - ___ mm Hg
5;10
BP decreases due to the effect of which hormone?
progesterone
Dependent edema occurs due to what two reasons?
-venous pooling
-fall in plasma proteins
Cardiac volume increases about ___% or ___ ml.
10;75
FACT:
Splitting and systolic murmurs are common
Diaphragm rises about ___ cm.
4
Transverse and AP diameter of the lungs increase by ___ cm to compensate.
2
During pregnancy, which maternal gas is decreased?
CO2
Affinity of maternal hgb for O2 decreases/increases and the affinity of the fetal hemoglobin for O2 decreases/increases.
decreases; increases
Blood flow to the kidneys increases ___ - ___%.
25;50
GFR increases by ___%.
50
FACT:
Creatinine, urea, and uric acid are excreted more effectively in pregnancy.
FACT:
Glycosuria and proteinuria are common and not abnormal during pregnancy.
FACT:
UTIs are common during pregnancy.
___ is excessive salivation.
ptyalism
N/V is caused by ___ and ___.
hCG; estrogen
___ is a pregnant woman.
gravida
___ or ___ is a woman who has produced one or more viable offspring carrying a pregnancy 20 weeks or more.
para; parity
___is a woman who is pregant with her first child.
primigravida
___ or ___ is a woman who has given birth once after a pregnancy of at least 20 weeks.
primipara; primip
___ or ___ is a woman who has had two or more pregnancies resulting in viable offspring.
multipara; multip
Fundus at 12 weeks can be palpated where?
symphysis pubis
Fundus at 16 weeks can be palpated where?
midway between the symphysis and the umbilicus
Fundus at 20 weeks can be palpated where?
umbilicus
These three lab tests may be repeated the third trimester.
-syphilis
-hepatitis B
-HIV
Glucose screen is done at ___ - ___ weeks.
24;28
Repeat gonorrhea and chlamydia done at ___ - ___ weeks.
34;36
Beta strep culture done at ___ - ___ weeks.
34-36
Ultrasound done at ___ - ___ weeks.
16;19