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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Consequentialist theories
the rightness or wrongness of an action depends solely on the goodness or badness of its consequences
Ethical Egoism
an act is right if and only if it best promotes the actor=s own interests
Act Utilitarianism
an act is right if and only if it produces at least as much total happiness as would any alternative act open to the actor
Rule Utilitarianism
an act is right if and only if it conforms to one of that set of rules, general adherence to which would produce at least as much total happiness as would adherence to any alternative set of rules
Deontological theories
some actions are intrinsically right or wrong regardless of their consequences
Divine Command theory
an act is right if and only if it is obedient to God=s commands/will
Kantian theory
treat others always as ends-in-themselves, never just as means to your own ends
PRINCIPLE OF LEGALITY
There should be no assignment of criminal liability except in accordance with fixed, clear, promulgated, preestablished law.
PRINCIPLE OF GUILT
There should be no assignment of criminal liability without (a) an overt voluntary act contrary to law (actus reus), (b) a guilty mental state (mens rea), and (c) an appropriate connection of (a) and (b)