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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
An attempt to explain the world with the help of reason
Philosophy
The study of ultimate reality
Metaphysics
The study of knowledge
Epistemology
The theory of value. Includes Ethics and Asthetics.
Axiology
The part of an argument in which one is attempting to support with evidence
Premise
The part of an argument in which one expresses what they are trying to defend.
Conclusion
The Greek word for "love of"
Philia
The field of study which clarifies how we can distinguish good arguments from bad ones.
Logic
A set of statements one or more of which is intended to support the truth of another statement.
Argument
Clarifies how people ought to act.
Ethics
The study of topics such as law, justice, and rights.
Political Philosophy
Internal journals of Philosophy.
SOPHIA
The study of art and people
Aesthetics
What type of question is this? :
What is the Universe made of?
Metaphysical
What type of question is this? :
How do we know what we know?
Epsiemological
What type of question is this? :
What is beauty?
Axiological
What two questions should one ask in order to evaluate an argument?
1) Are all of the premises true?
2) Does the truth of the premises provide logical support for the conclusion?
When two statements are able to be true at the same time
Logically consistant
When two statements have the same truth value at all times and both mean exactly the same things.
Logically equivelant
Allowed by the lawy of logic
Logically Possible
Allowed by the laws of physicas
Casually Possible
An arguemnt in which the premises are intended to guarantee that the conclusion is true.
Deductive argument
An argument in which the premises are only intended to show that the conlusion is probably true.
Inductive Argument
Has exactly 2 premises
Syllogism
Composed entirely of statements that make claims about the entire categories
Categorical Syllogism
Composed of hypothetical statements
Hypothertical Syllogism
Either/Or statement followed by the negation of half the dysjunction
Dysjunctive Syllogism
The Webster Dictionary Definition
Lexical
The dfinition that attempts to capture the essence or nature of a thing.
"Real" definition
When some aspect of an argument has been left unspoken
Enthymeme
An If/Then statement followed by the assertion that the anticedent is true
Modus Ponens
An If/Then statement followed by the negation of the anticedent.
Modus Tollens
Platos' school in Athens
The Academy