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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Nietzsche-
Master Morality
Excellence
Nobility
Self Mastery
Strength
Greeks were positive about life
Create own values
Nietzsche-
2 things Jews and Christians did.
Slave mentality
1. Salvation- saved by god in heaven

2. New value system. 7
Nietzsche-
New value system
Meekness
Humility
Revenge
Pity
Passiveness
Life denying- think afterlife
Freedom
Nietzsche-
Herd animal society Emphatic
Equality
democracy
non-violence
submission
Nietzsche solution to Mass Society (herd animal society)
1. Discard Slave values
2. Discard religion
3. See world as 'will'
4. Create new values
5. Find new philosophers
Nietzsche-
Ethics: 2 main questions
1. Whats "good" in life
2. How are you going to get there??
Nietzsche-
3 general approaches to Ethics
1. Utilitarianism
2. Virtue Ethics
3. Deontological-duty
Nietzsche-
Utilitarianism
greatest good for the most people
Bentham-
What are we ruled by?
Pain and Pleasure
Bentham-
Utility
Happiness, pleasure, advantage. good
Bentham-
Right action
maximize total utility in our community.
Bentham-
Hedonistic Calculus
Predict cost and benefit analysis
Carrit-
4 critisims of utilitarianism
1. Talking about what you cant measure
2. No room for justice
3. Different qualities of pleasure
4. no account of obligations
4. No account of obligations
Nietzsche-Greatness, nobility, equality.
Everything that allows people to feel above others and for them to fighten others is called evil.
Schopenhauer-
What is the will?
Me on the inside, our body.
Schopenhauer-
3 things Science against free will.
1. Materialism is true
2. All events follow laws of nature.
3.All events have causes
Schopenhauer-
2 options of the body
1. Body is completely unique
2. All objects like us
Aristotle-
Eudamonia
Happiness, good spirit
Aristotle-
3 types of life
1. Vulgar life-pleasure
2. Political life- honor
3. Contemplative life-virtue
Aristotle-
3 categories of good
1. external
2. health
3. Psych
Plato-
4 virtues
Wisdom
Courage
Temperence
Justice
Plato-
3 Characters of The republic
Adeimantus
Glaucon
Socrates
Plato-
3 kinds of good
Goods for something else
Good for themselves
Both
-Plato
Thrasymachus- Injustice is better 3 poins
1. Origins- doing wrong is better
2. Poeple are naturally unjust. Gyges' ring
3. Perfectly unjust
-Plato
Adeimantus- Justice is better
Justice
gods will bless
rewards
children will prosper
-Plato
Justice
people
polis
-Plato
Basic polis
Small peaceful happy healthy
-Plato
Luxary state
more land, always at war.
guardians to protect
Rulers, warriors
-Plato
Virtues of republic
Wisdom-rulers
courage-warriors
temperence-everyone
justice-higher virtue
4 branches of Philosophy
1. Metaphysics
2. Epistemology
3. Ethics
4. Logic
Metaphysics
Beyond physics. Nature of ultimate reality
Epistemology
Study of knowledge
Ethics
the good, right action
Logic
Formal reasoning