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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
voluntary informed consent
the person's action was freely chosen with knowledge of the relevant facts and gave permission to engage in that action
occurrent coercion
uses physical means to force someone to do something
dispositional coercion
to threaten with harm in order to force someone to do something (to fire someone)
one convinces another to do something by failing to secure their informed consent (lies, witholds relevant information)
when trying to get someone to do something their actions are not consented/voluntarily consented to.
a proposal that results in a reward for compliance, and no penalty for non-compliance (doesnt coerce)
a proposal that results in a penalty for non-compliance (ex. of coercion)
existential integrity
our moral task is to live up to what is best in mankind, rather than just avoiding to break rules, we ought to act in a way in which we wish mankind to be defined
sincerity conditions
acts that arent judged according to moral rules or consequences but can be thought to have a meaning
insincere action
acts that are wrong, lack integrity, sincerity conditions arent fulfilled, when their physical actions are out of step/lack harmony with their mental states
sincere actions
uttering statements, making commitments, shaking hands
the position that the death penalty is either morally right, or atleast morally permissible (pro-penalty)
the position that the death penalty is morally worng and we ought to abolish it (anti-penalty)
punish criminals with sentences equal or proportional with their crime (pro-penalty)
equality retributivism
punishment should be exactly equal to the crime
proportional retributivism
the punishment should be proportional to the crime, the severity of the crime determines the punishment
best bet argument
better to risk the lives of criminals than innocent people (pro-penalty)
normative statement
doesnt describe an actual event but how things OUGHT to be
descriptive statement
describes the way things are, statements about what IS the case
lex talionis
law as retatliation:
1. the point to punish criminals is to retaliate against those who did wrong
2. punishment is morally justified when applied as retribution for the crime commited
3. punishment ought to be equal or proportional to the crime
most severe offense
natural law theory
there is a natural, rational order to the world and everything in it, everything that exists in the natural world has some natural purpose