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57 Cards in this Set

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Questionalbe Practice
(Donaldson Principle) Standards of behavior or ethics are lower in host country than in Multinational Corparations, here is a red flag waved due to a potential or real conflict.
Type I
Dondaldson Principle, The differences are due to the host country being at a different level of economic development, if this is the case, then apply ethical standards to test its ethicity.
Type II
Donaldson Principle, The differences result from cultural or moral beliefs.
Donaldson Internation Rights
Freedom of physical movement, private ownership of property, freedom from state oppression, fari trial in accusations, non-discrimination in race, creed, or gender, protection of person and home, freedom of speech and assembly, some type of education, freedom of political choice, and ability to make a living.
Principle of Negative Harm
Multinational Corparations have an obligation to never add to the deprivation or suffering of host peopl, but imporve standards of living both financially and socially.
Grease Payment
Allowed; A payment is required to induce the official to perform a routine act which is his duty to perform, examples: waitress, porter, bartender, hairdresser, dock workers.
Four Elements of a Bribe
It influences the agent's decision. It is not know to the principle (buyer), It creates a deal, and It Violates trust between buyer and agent.
Acceptable Donation Strategies
Public donations; must be public record, given to public body represented by a government official, and it must benefit the public. Can also finance public projects for a government, i.e. paying salary expenses.
IRS Donating Limits
$25 annually to an individual.
Whistle Blowing
An employees act of informing the public of illegal or immoral behavior of a company. Justified if there is potential or current health threat, if done with an appropriate motive, if all internal channels have been exhausted before going public, and if there is compelling documented evidence of wrong doing.
Company Response to Whistle Blowing
Disrupts the marketplace atmosphere, deep resentments toward whistle blower and end career, condem whistle blower as disloyal and a traitor, regarded as a tragedy to be avoided an take rapid steps to correct the situation, and least likely affirm whistle blower as all employees' duty and laud and reward.
Caveat Emptor
Let the buyer beware.
Dual protection of the first amendment
Speech and press.
Spirit of the times.
Strength of Advertising
Zeitgeist, the collective mood of the public.
Form of communication, two parts: direct information message, and encrypted or sublime message.
Social effects of advertising
Material or monetary appeal: buy for materialistic values. Psychological effects: persuasive and manipulative, creating desires.
John Galbraith
Two kinds of desires, Physical or natural basis, and psychological or psychic.
Unethical Advertising
If it is manipulative, then it violates the individual's autonomy, consumer being used.
Sexual Discrimination
Forbidden by courts, civil rights act of 1964, 1972.
Ellison v. brady
Reasonable woman/man instead of reasonable person.
Robison v. Jacksonville shipyard
Posting pornographic material is sexual harassment, hostile environment.
Civil Rights Act of 1991
Sexual harassment entitled to compensator and punitive damages.
Goals of feminist movement
Sought to resist and overcome exploitation of the female, geting equal place, respect, and authority. First wave: equality w/traditions of marriage and family, Second wave: Radical, equality beyond, bent on destroying traditional roles of husbands and wives.
Denigrating or putting down someone because of gender, with not sexual intent.
Male Chauvinism
Resulted in male sexual domination leading to social sickness.
Overt Sexism
Intentional discrimination against a person b/c of gender or sex.
Institutional Sexism
Violation of rights in institutions, i.e.: high schools and universities.
Proportionality Rule
Quota based interpretation of title nine.
Sexist Language
In the gendered structure of writing.
Sexist Vocabulary
A double standard has long existed in society, i.e.: Gray hair, women=old, men= distinguished.
Sexual Harassment
Brought to light by Clarence Thomas, Supreme Court Hearings. It is all about power. Must be unwanted, a sexual nature, and must interfere with life in some way.
Types of Sexual Harassment in Court
Authority/employee type, and peer to peer type.
Rules to Prove Sexual Harassment
Hostiel Environment, quid pro quo, reverse quid pro quo, and sexual favoritism.
What is considered Reasonable
Average person would have to find situation hostile.
Company Steps to protect itself from a Sexual Harassment lawsuit
Education, Mandatory seminars, Posted signs, Make company policy clear, Provide steps for victims, Prompt investigation, and do not cover up.
Steps for victim in Sexual Harassment Situation
Make it clear that behavior is unwanted, documentation further behavior, inform peers, complain appropriate channels, and if it persist have a possible suit.
Business's liable in two ways
If employee harasses a customer and no action is take, and/or if customer harasses employe and company does nothing to protect employee.
Mind-set characterizes the leader as a model of moral behavior, servant to employees in company, promote change toward morally and societally redeeming goals.
Steven Covey
Noted author on leadership, Wrote "First Things First".
Steven Covey 9 Characteristics for a leader
Continually learning, service oriented, emit positive energy, look and find best in people, attempt to lead balanced lives, see life as an adventure, synergistic, fitness oriented, and prioritize.
Successful managers
Must be empathic (Involved), bridge builders.
Reactive Leaders
Manage according to the crisis at hand, consumed with extinguishing brush fires.
Proactive Leaders
On-going life giving relationships, able to anticipate problems and lead out of place of strength, see "big picture", and knows what they believe.
Each participent in conflict gets further entrenched and further away.
State of disagreement between two parties.
Consequences of Conflict
Beneficial communication takes place and compromise is achieved or Malevolent and polarization occurs.
Types of Conflict
Interpersonal/Intergroup: conflict between two or more people, or between two or more groups, Intrapersonal or intragroup: conflict within a person or group, and Interrole conflict: Disagreement between two or more roles simultaneously fulfilled by one person, i.e. wearing too many hats, then important jobs are uncompleted , psychological stress intensifies, and ability to perform is impaired.
Three ways to reduce interrole conflict
Prioritize activities, avoid unnecessary interruption on the job and delegate authority.
Role-personality conflict
Disagreement between the expectation for the role of the employee and his-her personality, needs and dispositions.
Getzels' Social System Model
A standard for determining the effective balance between the individual's role or job and his-her personality. It measures the amount of congruence between role or positon and one's personality and the job or career expectations and the workers needs, inclinations and abilities.
John Stuart Mill
Wrote "On Liberty", Classic defense of individual freedoms.
Harm Principle
Established by John Mill, States that government is justified in interfering with a citizens freedom only if that action involves a threat of harm to others.
Permissible when the government is justified in stepping into a crisis.
Mill's Exceptions
When one is in danger of harm, to prevent one from committing suicide, child who cannot reason for themselves, and keep one from selling oneself into slavery.
Defined by WHO, is a state of periodic or chronic intoxication detrimental to the individual and to society, produced by the repeated consumption of a drug.
Addictive Drug
Has an overwhelming desire/compulsion to continue taking and obtain by any means, desire to increase dosage, and psychic/physical dependence.