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23 Cards in this Set

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A loss or total lack of appetite.
anorexia
The audible rumbling sound of gas moving through the intestinal tract. This is the plural.
borborygmi
The audible rumbling sounds of gas moving through the intestinal tract. singular. (There are 2 that mean the same thing)
borborygmus or borborygmos
A shivering or a shaking. Also called a rigor.
chills
A shivering or a shaking. Also called chills.
rigor
Infrequent or difficult evacuation of feces. This term could be classified as either a symptom or a disease. Patients can subjectively relate that they are experiencing the discomfort of constipation, and it can also be the diagnosis. If it continues for a prolonged period of time it is called obstipation.
constipation
Constipation that continues for a prolonged period of time.
obstipation
This is a subjective feeling of difficulty swallowing. It occurs when there is impaired progression of the food bolus from the pharynx to the stomach.
dysphagia
An elevation in temperature above normal.
fever (also called pyrexia or febrile)
Having no fever.
afebrile
List four forms of excessive gas in the colon.
gas
bloating
belching
flatulence
A retrosternal sensation of burning felt in waves and arising upward toward the neck.
heartburn
Vomiting of blood.
hematemesis
The passage of bloody stools.
hematochezia
Melan(o)- is a combining form which means black. The term melena refers both to the passage of dark and pitchy stools stained with blood pigment and black vomit. Although the combining form is spelled with an "A," it is important to note that the term melena or melenic stools is spelled with an "E." This is a common error among new MTs.
melena
An unpleasant sensation in the epigastric and abdominal area, which often results in vomiting.
nausea
Pain during swallowing.
odynophagia
Paleness or the absence of skin color.
pallor
Flow in the opposite direction as is normal.
regurgitation
Straining, especially ineffective and painful straining during a bowel movement or urination.
tenesmus
Also called emesis. The forcible expulsion of stomach contents through the mouth. (Try not to think about it.)
vomiting
Lacking physical strength.
weakness
This is self-explanatory, losing pounds on the scale without actually trying. :)
weight loss