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2.1.9.50 Muscles of the Arm (continued)
The arm and hand muscles are most commonly transcribed in radiology (x-ray) reports, orthopedics (especially operative notes) and physical therapy, although as with other terms, they might turn up virtually anywhere. It is important for you to begin to recognize the terms for the muscles associated with the hand, which indicate position and movement, as well as more basic body location: supinate, pronate, flex, extend, digits, pollex, for example. The more you understand what you are transcribing, the more accurate and professional your work will eventually be. Lucky for you, you do not have to memorize exactly what each one of these muscles does.

Located below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in the previous figure "Superficial Muscles of the Arm."Listed below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in Figure 2.6. Read the term and the definition for the term. Type the term in the space provided.


Q. 1.This is located on the back of the humerus and extends the forearm.
anconeus
Located below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in the previous figure "Superficial Muscles of the Arm."Listed below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in Figure 2.6. Read the term and the definition for the term. Type the term in the space provided.
Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Q 1-9 Pg 50
2.2.9 This is a long narrow muscle located on the ulnar side of the extensor digitorum communis muscle. It assists in extension of the wrist and little finger.
extensor digiti minimi
Located below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in the previous figure "Superficial Muscles of the Arm."Listed below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in Figure 2.6. Read the term and the definition for the term. Type the term in the space provided.
Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Q 1-9 Pg 50
2.3.9 This is positioned in the center of the forearm along the posterior surface. Its tendon divides into four tendons beneath teh extensor retinaculum, which attach to the distal tips of fingers one through four.
extensor digitorum communis
Located below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in the previous figure "Superficial Muscles of the Arm."Listed below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in Figure 2.6. Read the term and the definition for the term. Type the term in the space provided.
Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Q 1-9 Pg 50
2.4.9 This lies just underneath the flexor digitorum superficialis muscle. This muscle flexes the distal ends of the fingers (but not the thumb).
flexor digitorum profundus
Located below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in the previous figure "Superficial Muscles of the Arm."Listed below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in Figure 2.6. Read the term and the definition for the term. Type the term in the space provided.
Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Q 1-9 Pg 50
2.5.9 This is deep on the front of the radius. It attaches at the base of the thumb and flexes the thumb and makes grasping possible.
flexor pollicis longus
Located below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in the previous figure "Superficial Muscles of the Arm."Listed below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in Figure 2.6. Read the term and the definition for the term. Type the term in the space provided.
Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Q 1-9 Pg 50
2.6.9 This is on the upper middle part of the forearm. It arises from the epicondyle (a prominence or projection on a bone). It turns the hand downwards (called pronation) and flexes the elbow.
pronator teres
Located below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in the previous figure "Superficial Muscles of the Arm."Listed below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in Figure 2.6. Read the term and the definition for the term. Type the term in the space provided.
Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Q 1-9 Pg 50
2.7.9 A prominence or projection on a bone.
epicondyle
Located below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in the previous figure "Superficial Muscles of the Arm."Listed below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in Figure 2.6. Read the term and the definition for the term. Type the term in the space provided.
Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Q 1-9 Pg 50
2.8.9 This muscle is deep and extends between the ulna and radius. It works with the other pronator muscle to rotate the palm of the hand down, as well as position the thumb medially.
pronator quadratus
Located below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in the previous figure "Superficial Muscles of the Arm."Listed below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in Figure 2.6. Read the term and the definition for the term. Type the term in the space provided.
Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Q 1-9 Pg 50
2.9.9 This positioned around the upper portion of the radius. It works with the biceps to turn the palm upwards (called supination).
supinator
Located below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in the previous figure "Superficial Muscles of the Arm."Listed below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in Figure 2.6. Read the term and the definition for the term. Type the term in the space provided.
Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Q 1-9 Pg 50
2.1.14.51 Muscles of the Arm (continued)
The arm and hand muscles are most commonly transcribed in radiology (x-ray) reports, orthopedics (especially operative notes) and physical therapy, although as with other terms, they might turn up virtually anywhere. It is important for you to begin to recognize the terms for the muscles associated with the hand, which indicate position and movement, as well as more basic body location: supinate, pronate, flex, extend, digits, pollex, for example. The more you understand what you are transcribing, the more accurate and professional your work will eventually be. Lucky for you, you do not have to memorize exactly what each one of these muscles does.

Located below are a few of the muscles which are located beneath the muscles shown in the previous figure "Superficial Muscles of the Arm."

Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51

Question #1. To extend the palm upwards.
A. suppinate
B. supinate
C. pronate
D. suepinate
B. supinate
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.2.14.51
The first digit of the hand (the thumb).
A. hallux
B. polex
C. pollex
D. carpals
C. pollex
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.3.14.51 Located behind the humerus and extends the forearm.
A. anconeus
B. anconius
C. anconeis
D. anconneus
A. anconeus
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.4.14.51 Long narrow muscle which assists in extension of the wrist and little finger.
A. extensor digitus minimus
B. extensor digiti minimi
C. extensor digiti mimini
D. extensor digitus maximus
B. extensor digiti minimi
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.5.14.51 Another term for palmar.
A. tenar
B. theno
C. thenar
D. thennar
C. thenar
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.6.14.51 Descriptive muscle term meaning "short."
A. longus
B. brevus
C. brives
D. brevis
D. brevis
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.7.14.51 Muscle attached to the humerus deep to the biceps.
A. coracobrachialis
B. coracobrachialus
C. coronobrachialis
D. chorobrachialis
A. coracobrachialis
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.8.14.51 A structure which holds an organ or a tissue in place.
A. aponeurosis
B. retinaculum
C. retinaculim
D. apponeurosis
B. retinaculum
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.9.14.51 The major muscle of the upper arm.
A. bicep
B. flexor carpi ulnaris
C. biceps
D. bicepps
C. biceps
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.10.14.51 A muscle which turns the palm of the hand downwards.
A. pronater teres
B. pronator teres
C. pronator terres
D. pronater teris
B. pronator teres
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.11.14.51 A muscle whose tendon divides into four different tendons.
A. extensor digitorum comminus
B. extensor digiti comminus
C. extensor digitorum communis
D. extensor digiti communis
C. extensor digitorum communis
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.12.14.51 Long slender arm muscle with a tendon which attaches to the palmar aponeurosis.
A. palmaris longus
B. palmaris brevis
C. palmarus longis
D. palmaris longis
A. palmaris longus
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.13.14.51 Muscle located on the back of the arm.
A. tricep
B. thenar muscle
C. bicep
D. triceps
D. triceps
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.14.14.51 Muscle which flexes the fingers.
A. flesor digitorum profundis
B. flexor digitorum profundus
C. extensor digiti profundidi
D. flexor digotorum profundus
B. flexor digitorum profundus
Choose the term which best describes the statement. Superficial Muscles of the Arm. Exercise 2.11 1-14 pg 51
2.0.0.47 Superficial Muscles of the Arm
"Thenar" is a term which refers to the "mound on the palm at the base of the thumb" and also "pertaining to the palm." The terms "hypothenar" and "thenar" muscles describe simply the location of the muscles and are not the name of individual muscles. You should be able to recognize several muscle names in the arm which are descriptive, e.g., terms such as longus and brevis (long and short) and radialis and ulnaris (for the radius and ulna bones). Also, some of these muscles should be easy because they are so commonly known e.g., the biceps and triceps.

Note the term flexor retinaculum. A retinaculum (plural: retinacula) is a structure which holds an organ or tissue in place. (In surgery, it is also used to describe an instrument which retracts tissues.) As with the aponeurosis, this is not a muscle. It is, however, a significant structure of the arm, and it is important in the musculoskeletal system. Therefore, you should memorize its spelling and be able to recognize it when you hear it dictated.

It may be helpful to start looking for consistencies in the spelling of muscle terms that would make it easier to remember how to spell them. For example, the bones of the forearm are the radius and ulna. The muscles which attach to these bones are named for them, i.e. radialis, ulnaris, and brachioradialis. All of these terms end in "is." Look for these similarities and use them as tools for learning the terms. You will discover that many muscles (although not all of them) end in "is." It may be easier to learn the exceptions than to memorize each individual term. Of course, if you happened to study Latin along the way, these terms will be simple to learn.

Another feature of muscle terms is that some of them end in "s," but are not plural. There is no such word as bicep or tricep. The actual definitions for biceps and triceps are literally muscles with two and three heads, respectively. When speaking about these muscles and transcribing them, it should always be biceps and triceps, even in the singular.

These are primarily the superficial muscles of the arm. There are other muscles (besides the coracobrachialis and the brachialis) which are located deep in relation to the ones on Figure 2.6. Many of them are identified by terms similar to those listed on the figure. Direct your attention to the term pollicis. This is derived from the word pollex which means the first digit of the hand (or for lay-people, the thumb.) The muscles which act to move the thumb contain the term pollicis. In addition to the abductor pollicis brevis there is an adductor pollicis, an extensor pollicis, and so on. If you can remember that pollex means thumb, you can be sure to use pollicis in reference to certain muscles in the hand.

When you learn the muscles of the leg you will see the term hallux, which is the great toe (or more commonly, the big toe.) Muscles which act to move the big toe are denoted by the term hallucis which is derived from hallux. As with carpals/metacarpals and tarsals/metatarsals, it is easy to confuse the terms hallux and pollex (and likewise hallucis and pollicis). Learn the root terms, and it will be easier to delineate between the two words and be certain you are using the right one. List the 11 muscles of the arm and the 1 that is not a muscle.I swear this course is going to drive me nuts just had to type this. There are 2 3's on the figure 2.6 one is 3.hypothenar muscles(which is not a muscle) and 3. flexor digitorum superficialis(which is a muscle)Hypothenar and thenar muscles simply describe the location of the muscles. So make it 11 muscles and 2 that are not muscles.
1. Coracobrachialis
2. brachialis
3. hypothenar muscles(not a muscle)
3. flexor digitorum superficialis(is a muscle)
4. palmar aponeurosis
5. abductor pollicis brevis(*thenar muscles)
6. flexor retinaculum(not a muscle-is a structure which holds an organ or tissue in place)
7. palmaris longus
8. flexor carpi radialis
9. brachioradialis
10. biceps
11. triceps
12. flexor carpi ulnaris
Superficial Muscles of the Arm Figure Pg 47 Figure 2.6
2.1.12.49 choracobrachialis
coracobrachialis
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”.
If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word.
“Superficial Muscles of the Arm” Exercise 2.10 Pg 49
2.2.12.49 bicep
biceps
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Superficial Muscles of the Arm” Exercise 2.10 Pg 49
2.3.12.49 ulnaris
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Superficial Muscles of the Arm” Exercise 2.10 Pg 49
2.4.12.49 brevis
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Superficial Muscles of the Arm” Exercise 2.10 Pg 49
2.5.12.49 brachialus
brachialis
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Superficial Muscles of the Arm” Exercise 2.10 Pg 49
2.6.12.49 hypothenor
hypothenar
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Superficial Muscles of the Arm” Exercise 2.10 Pg 49
2.7.12.49 palmer
palmar
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Superficial Muscles of the Arm” Exercise 2.10 Pg 49
2.8.12.49 policis
pollicis
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Superficial Muscles of the Arm” Exercise 2.10 Pg 49
2.9.12.49 digitorum
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Superficial Muscles of the Arm” Exercise 2.10 Pg 49
2.10.12.49 flexer
flexor
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Superficial Muscles of the Arm” Exercise 2.10 Pg 49
2.11.12.49 abductor
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Superficial Muscles of the Arm” Exercise 2.10 Pg 49
2.12.12.49 tricep
triceps
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Superficial Muscles of the Arm” Exercise 2.10 Pg 49