Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/56

Click to flip

56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
2.0.28.53 Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg
In medical transcription, the legs are rarely referred to as such. They are instead called the lower extremities. (The arms are likewise called the upper extremities.) An extremity is simply the name for a limb. You should notice, as with the arm muscles, that there are several descriptive terms in "Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg" which should be familiar by now, such as longus, brevis, hallucis, and maximus. Take just a moment to find any terms which you already know.

There are also a few terms listed on this image which are not muscles, although they are vital to the musculoskeletal system—especially the lower extremities. The first of these is the lateral malleolus. Lateral, of course, means side, and a malleolus is a rounded process. The lateral malleolus is the protuberance found on either side of the ankle joint. The medial malleolus is likewise a bony protuberance, but is found in the middle of the joint.

The second term is the calcaneal or Achilles tendon. It is the thickest and strongest tendon in the body. You have already learned that tendons are fibrous cords by which muscle is attached. (If you are into mythology, the Achilles tendon is named for the Greek fighter Achilles. He was immortal and invulnerable except for the spot on his heel where he was held as he was dipped into the river water which turns mortals into gods. It was this area that was pierced by an arrow during the Trojan War, and this wound caused his death.)

The extensor retinaculum covers and holds in place the muscles and tendons of the front of the foot. The tibia is a bone. The greater trochanter, also called trochanter major, is a broad, flat process to which several muscles are attached. Finally, the iliotibial tract is a thick, long band of fascia lata which extends down the side of the thigh to the tibia.

All of these terms will come up frequently in medical transcription, and you should be able to recognize and spell them.

EXERCISE


Label the leg muscles by clicking on each number in the figure below. A box will appear with a space in which you should type the corresponding term found on the figure. I made these up.They are from figure 2.7 1-28

Word #1.tensor fasiae
tensor fasciae
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.2.28.53 sartorios
sartorius
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.3.28.53 rectus femoris
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.4.28.53 vastus lateralos
vastus lateralis
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.5.28.53 peroneous longus
peroneus longus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.6.28.53 peroneus breves
peroneus brevis
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.7.28.53 lateral maleolus
lateral malleolus(this is not a muscle)
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.8.28.53 extenser digitorium longis
extensor digitorum longus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
adductor magnus
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.10.28.53 semitendenosus
semitendinosus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.11.28.53 semimembraneosus
semimembranosus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.12.28.53 calcaneal (achilles) tendon
calcaneal (Achilles) tendon(not a muscle)
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.13.28.53 illiopsoas
iliopsoas
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.14.28.53 pectoneus
pectineus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
adductor longus
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.16.28.53 gracilus
gracilis
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.17.28.53 vastis mediallis
vastus medialis
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.18.28.53 gastrocnimious
gastrocnemius
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.19.28.53 extinsor retinnaculum
extensor retinaculum(not a muscle)
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.20.28.53 anterior tibial
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.21.28.53 gastrocnemous(this word is done twice but leave both of them.)
gastrocnemius
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.22.28.53 solius
soleus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.23.28.53 extensir halucis longus
extensor hallucis longus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.24.28.53 medial maleolis
medial malleolus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 53
2.25.28.53 glutius maximus
gluteus maximus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 54
2.26.28.53 greater trocanter(not a muscle)
greather trochanter
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 54
2.27.28.53 illiotibial tract(not a muscle)
iliotibial tract
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 54
2.28.28.53 bicep
biceps
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 54
2.1.28.55 maleolus
malleolus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.2.28.55 fasciae
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.3.28.55 lateralis
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.4.28.55 longus
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.5.28.55 gastrocnemis
gastrocnemius
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.6.28.55 halucis
hallucis
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.7.28.55 maximus
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.8.28.55 semitendonosis
semitendinosus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.9.28.55 achilles
Achilles
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.10.28.55 extensor
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.11.28.55 solius
soleus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.12.28.55 perineus
peroneus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.13.28.55 iliotibial
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.14.28.55 latae
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.15.28.55 tenser
tensor
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.16.28.55 iliopoas
iliopsoas
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.17.28.55 medialus
medialis
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.18.28.55 vastis
vastus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.19.28.55 bicep
biceps
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.20.28.55 sartoreus
sartorius
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.21.28.55 femoris
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.22.28.55 gracillis
gracilis
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.23.28.55 gluteus
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.24.28.55 trocanter
trochanter
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.25.28.55 seminembranosus
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.26.28.55 brevus
brevis
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.27.28.55 adductor
correct
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55
2.28.28.55 mangus
magnus
Spelled correctly?? If “YES” Then type in “correct”. If “NO” Then type in the correct spelling of the word. “Muscles of the Anterior and Posterior Leg” 1-28 Pg 55