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41 Cards in this Set

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2.1.28.62,63
Disorders Affecting the Muscular System
(As you read, pay attention to the bold words. Click on each word and retype it in the space provided.)
Several brain function or neurological problems manifest themselves through the muscles, taking the form of abnormal muscular movements. For example, a seizure is a sudden attack of a disease, but is commonly thought of in reference to epilepsy. Epilepsy is any of a group of syndromes which are characterized by a disturbance in brain function which results in loss of consciousness, abnormal motor phenomena, or neurosensory disturbances. An episode resulting from an epileptic condition is called a seizure.

The "abnormal motor phenomena" are manifested in the muscular system. A common type of abnormal motor activity is clonic activity. "Clonic" is the adjectival form of clonus: alternate muscular contraction and relaxation in rapid succession. It is a term generally used in conjunction with the term tonic, which means normal tone. So, during a seizure it is often the case that the muscles go through a series of rapid contractions alternating with a return to normal muscle tone. This movement is called tonic/clonic activity or tonicoclonic activity. Although it is not actually caused by an injury to or defect in the muscles themselves, it undoubtedly affects the muscular system.

Another common neurologic disorder which affects the muscular system is Parkinson disease. This is a progressive degenerative nervous system disorder which is characterized by four features: slowness and absence of movement, muscular rigidity, resting tremor, and unstable posture. Rigidity means stiffness or inflexibility. This is the fourth most common disease afflicting the elderly. Again, while the cause of the disorder is neurological, all of the manifestations are musculoskeletal.

Muscle tissue makes up a major part of the human body. Of course, there are many more muscles and disease processes of muscles than are covered in this session. However, we have hit upon the most common terms in this session.

EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
Question #1. paralysis
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
Pg 62,63 Exercise 2.16
2.2.28.63 epicondylitis
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.3.28.63 burcitis
bursitis
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.4.28.63 fascitis
fasciitis
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.5.28.63 tetanus
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.6.28.63 rigidity
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.7.28.63 Charlie horse
charley horse (no capital “c”)
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.8.28.63 polymyositis
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.9.28.63 tendonitis
tendinitis is preferred but tendonitis os ok
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.11.28.63 torticolis
torticollis
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.12.28.63 clonic
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.13.28.63 dystonia
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.14.28.63 atropy
atrophy
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.15.28.63 osificans
ossificans
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.16.28.63 cramp
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.17.28.63 atony
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.18.28.63 Parkinsen
Parkinson
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.19.28.63 myasthenia
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.20.28.63 rigor mortise
rigor mortis
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.21.28.63 tenosynovitis
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.22.28.63 seizure
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.23.28.63 ganglion
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.24.28.63 fasiculations
fasciculations
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.25.28.63 Dupytren's
Dupuytren's
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.26.28.63 myalgia
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.27.28.63 gravus
gravis
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.28.28.63 fibromyalgia
correct
EXERCISE


SPELLING. Determine if the following words are spelled correctly. If the spelling is correct, type in “correct” If the spelling is incorrect, retype the word with the correct spelling.
2.1.14.64 Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions.

Question #1. Pain in a muscle.
A. myalgia
B. myagia
C. myositis
D. mylagia
A. myalgia
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions.
Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17
2.2.14.64
Contraction of sternocleidomastoid muscle, causing rotation of the head.
A. torticolis
B. tortocolis
C. torticollis
D. torticolus
C. torticollis
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions.
Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17
2.3.14.64

A benign tumor of smooth muscle.
A. lyomyoma
B. leiomioma
C. leiomyoma
D. leiomyomatitis
C. leiomyoma
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions.
Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17
2.4.14.64
A bruised or torn muscle which particularly affects the quadriceps muscle.
A. Charlie horse
B. Charley horse
C. charley horse
D. Charlie's pony
C. charley horse
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions. Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17
2.5.14.64
Muscle response to seizure activity.
A. tonic/clonic
B. tonnoclonic
C. tonicoclonus
D. toxic/clonic
A. tonic/clonic
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions. Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17
2.6.14.64
Tennis elbow.
A. epiglottic
B. epicondylitis
C. epicondalitis
D. eppicondylitis
B. epicondylitis
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions. Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17
2.7.14.64
A nervous system disorder characterized by four muscular features.
A. Parkonson disease
B. Parkinson disease
C. Parkenson disease
D. Parckinson disease
B. Parkinson disease
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions. Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17
2.8.14.64
A chronic progressive neuromuscular weakness.
A. miasthenia gravis
B. myasthenia gravis
C. myesthenia gravis
D. myasthenia gravus
B. myasthenia gravis
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions. Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17
2.9.14.64 A sac-like cavity filled with synovial fluid and located over bony prominences.
A. burca
B. bursa
C. burssa
D. bersa
B. bursa
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions. Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17
2.10.14.64
The muscular hardness of death.
A. rigore mortis
B. rigor mortise
C. rigor mortis
D. rigorous mortis
C. rigor mortis
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions. Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17
2.11.14.64 A cyst on a joint capsule or tendon sheath.
A. ganglion
B. gangleon
C. ganglius
D. gangliona
A. ganglion
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions. Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17
2.12.14.64 A disease caused by bacteria.
A. tetenus
B. tatenus
C. tetanus
D. tetanis
C. tetanus
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions. Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17
2.13.14.64 Wasting away or weakening of muscles.
A. atrophie
B. atrophy
C. atropy
D. atony
B. atrophy
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions. Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17
2.14.14.64 Tremors.
A. fasciculations
B. fasiculations
C. fascisulations
D. faciculations
A. fasciculations
Choose the term which best describes the statement. There are 14 questions. Pg. 64 Exercise 2.17