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69 Cards in this Set

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What is the short chemical equation for ammonification?
Urea->NH4+ or NH3
Explosive chemical in Dynamite?
Nitroglycerin
Father of taxonomy?
Linnaeus
What are the three types of prokaryotes?
Aerobes, anarobes, and faculative anarobes.
What does the suffix gen mean?
to make or create
Where do chemical reactions take place in Eukaryotic Cells? Simultaneosly or Consecutive?
Organelles, Simultaneously
Which are one celled, Eukaryotes or Prokaryotes?
Prokaryotes
What winds up DNA during replication?
Histones
Define redox.
The Counting system for movement of electrons.
List the taxonomy for humans.
Eukaria, Animalia, Chordata, Mamalia, Primate, Hominid, Homo, Homo Sapien.
Macromolecules and their Micromolecus?
Carbohydrates-monosacharides
Lipids- Fatty Acids
Protiens- Amino Acids
Nucliec Acids- Nucleotides
What is N2 -> NH4+
Nitrogen Fixation
What trees are common trees around bogs?
Tamarack and pine
Rhizobiums use the enzyme ________ to break N N triple bonds?
Nitrogenase
True or False? Eukaryotes have very small cells?
False
Where is the gas NO made?
In combustion engines
_________ live on nodules of legumes.
Rhizobiums

Not Ribosomes!
What does karyos mean?
core or nucleus
What are the four kingdoms?
Animalia, Plantae, Protista, and Fungi
What is the cell wall in bacteria cells made of?
Peptidoglycan
What are cell membranes made of?
Phospholipid bilayers
When did Eukaryotes show up?
2.7 billion years ago
When did Archeans show up?
3.8 billion years ago
What domain does bacteria belong to?
Prokarya
What percent of fixed nitrogen did Chile supply in 1913
56%
What is chlorophyl contained in?
Cholroplasts
What types of cells are squishy?
Animal cells
Name 4 legumes?
Soy beans, beans, alfaalfa, peas, clover
How much of the atmosphere is CO2 and at one point what was at it.
.03 and 15 %
What are the four important eras?
Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic
What were bogs in Florida used for?
burial grounds
What is another name for cytoplasm
Cytosol
Good
Luck :)
What is adipose
Fatty tissue
What does meso- mean
middle
Cell membrane is made of...
phospholipid bilayer
How many chromosomes does a red blood cell have
0
What is it called when N03 -> N2
Denitrification
What does pro mean?
prior to or before
What does troph mean?
food or nutrition
What does oligo mean?
Few
What is the cell wall made of?
Cellulose
Descibe a mesotrophic lake?
Some plants, medium sized fish
What does halophilic mean?
salt loving
What is the primary reservoir of Nitrogen
Atmosphere
What does Eu mean?
Good or true
What are the types or rocks?
Igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary
What percentage of the atmosphere is Oxygen, Nitrogen, and C02?
20% Oxygen, 79% Nitrogen, and .03% CO2
What is the process where nitrates in the soil are lost in groundwater?
Leaching
What is NH4 -> NO3?
Nitrification.
What does skippy do in the diagram?
Assimilation Biosynthesis
What does Nitrogens Oxidation number in N2O
-1
In Eukaryotes, what are the linear strips of DNA called?
Chromosomes
What type of cell in the human body has no nucleus?
Adult Red Blood Cells
Greatest Reservoir of Phosphorous?
In Rocks
Name some Fungi
Mushrooms, yeast, mildew, ringworm
What was the main way carbon entered the atmosphere 4.2 bya?
Volcanic Eruptions
What is melanin?
Pigments in your body?
How many feet of DNA are in sex Cells?
3 Feet ( Half of the 6 feet of regular cells)
Saltpeters chemical formula?
KNO3
What is the largest creature?
Slimold
In 1913 what rank was the U.S. as a supplier of fixed nitrogen?
4th
In 1913, who were the top 3 suppliers of fixed Nitrogen? (in order)
Chile, Germany, and Great Britian
Why was there demand for KNO3?
it was a explosive and fertilizer
What is the role of an enzyme in a reaction?
Acts as a catalyst and lowers the amount of energy needed to have a reaction
What is the composition of Cytosol?
85% Water and 15% Protien
What is the chemical formula for Laughing Gas?
N2O
What is the common name of Trinitrotoulene?
TNT
What is the method for creating Fixed Nitrogen?
Haber-Bosch Process