Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/28

Click to flip

28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Reasonable % Weight
Actual Wt./Reasonable Wt.

(X) 100 = Realative Weight %
Height - Rule of 5's & 6's
WOMEN
Female: 100 pds for first 5ft and 5 pds for every inch over 5ft.
Height - Rule of 5's & 6's
MEN
Men: 106 pds for the first 5ft and 6 pds for every inch over 5ft.

* Add or subtract 10% of weight if small or large framed.
Ways to reduce weight:
Decrease 500 cal/day to drop 1 pd a week.

Decrease 1000 cal/day to drop 2 pds a week.

Regular meals with snacks.
Antioxidant
A chemical compound or substance that inhibits oxidation.
Levels of Deficiency
Preliminary State
Biochemical
Physiologic
Clinically Manifest Vit. Deficiency
Water Soluble
Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Cobalamin

Ascorbic Acid

Pathothenic Acid

Folacin

Biotin
Fat Soluble
A - Renal

D - Sun

E - Primary Anti-oxidant

K - Blood Clotting
Thiamin
Part of Creb Cycle

Nerve conduction

Used to convert tryptophan into niacin

Food source: Meat, whole grans
Niacin
Krebs cycle

Beta oxidation

60 mg tryptophan = 1 mg niacin

Food source: meat, grains
Peroxidation
Oxygen is reduced to potentially damaging metabolites

Free radicals are formed
Free Radicals
contain one or more unpaired electrons, which maked the molecules highly reative
02
Superoxide radical

Used to go after bacteria

Formed from activated phagocytic cells.
H2O2
Hydrogen Peroxide
OH
Hydroxy Free Radical

MOST DAMAGING

Extremely reactive

Oxygen centered radical
02-2
Peroxyle Radical

May promote oxidation of LDLs
Superoxide Dismutase
Proeduces hydrogen peroxide

Levels increase in slow twitch
Decrease in fast twitch
Best source of food exchange of zinc, iron, and copper in concept of bioabailabitlty
Meat
Anemias
Iron Deficiency Anemia

Sport Anemia
Sports Anemia
Monochromic, Monocytic transient anema
(one color cell)

develop low blood hemoglobin
Identify possible causes of iron depletion during training:
Hemodilution
Hemoglobin Normal Values
Females: 12-14/100ml
Males: 14-16/100ml
Total Iron Binding Capacity
(TIBC)
Iron binding sites on transferrin
Stages of Iron Deficiency
Iron Depletion <12ng/ml
Iron deficiency erythropoiesis <16%
Anemia <12g/dl
Increase Hematocrit
Increases dehydration
Copper
Absortpion of Iron
Zinc
Protein synthesis
CHO metabolism
Hemoglobin
The component of red blood cells that carries oxygen.