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296 Cards in this Set

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Carisoprodol (Soma)
musculoskeletal – muscle relaxant
Ramipril (altace)
ACE inhibitor
Cardiovascular
SE: retains K+
Metoprolol tartrate (Lopressor)
Beta blocker
Cardiovascular
Isosorbide mononitrate (Ismo)
Anti-anginal
Cardiovascular
Mestranol/norethindrone (norinyl)
Contraceptive, systemic
SE: blood clots
Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Provera, Dep-Provera)
Progestin
Women’s Health
Contraceptive
SE: weight gain
Etodolac (no brand)
Nonsalicylate NSAIDS
Antirheumatic/musculoskeletal
Diclofenac NA (Voltaren)
Nonsalcyilate NSAIDS
Antirheumatics
Estradiol (Estrace)
Estrogen
Hormone replacement
Norethrindrone (Micronor)
Contraceptive
Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril)
Skeletal muscle relaxant
SE: drowsiness
Benztropine (Cogentin)
Neurological medication
Treatment of Parkinsons
SE: tardive, dyskinesia
Caffeine / ergotamine (Cafergot)
Neurological medication
Treatment of vascular headache
Propranolol HCL (Inderal)
Beta blocker / Cardiovascular
Used for stable angina, hypertension, dysrhythmias, migraine, prophylaxis MI, essential tremor, alcohol withdrawal, atrial fib
Indapamide
Cardiovascular
Thiazide diuretic
Valsartan hydrochlorothiazide (Diovan)
Angiotensin receptor blocker
Cardiovascular
Fluocinonide (Lidex)
Dermatological
Anti-inflammatory
Carbidopa / levodopa (Sinemet)
Neurological medication
Replacement dopaminergic agent
Donepezil (Aricept)
Neurological medication
Alzheimers
Eletriptan (Relpax)
Neurological medication
Migraines
Methylphenidate (concerta, Ritalin)
Neurological medication
Management of attention deficit hyperactive disorder, narcolepsy, depression in elderly
Selegiline (Eldepryl)
Neurological medication
Used in management of Parkinson’s
Zolmitriptan (Zomig)
Neurological medication
Migraines
Dorzolamide HCL (trusopt)
Antiglaucoma medications
Ophthalmic
Timolol (timoptic)
Ophthalmic, beta blocker (topical)
Treatment of glaucoma
Brimonidine tartrate (Alphagan P)
Ophthalmic
For glaucoma
Cromolyn (Opticrom)
Ophthalmic
Used in treatment of conjunctivitis
Albuterol / ipratropium inhaler (combivent)
Anti-asthma
Treatment of COPD
Cromolyn sodium inhaler (Intal)
Antiasthma / prophylactic
Montelukast (singulair)
Leukotriene inhibitor
Prophylaxis/ treatment of chronic asthma and allergic rhitinitis
Theophylline
Antiasthma
For bronchospasm of COPD, chronic bronchitis, emphysema
Cromolyn sodium (nasalcrom)
Nasal, topical
Prophylaxis and treatment of allergic rhinitis
Salmeterol (Serevent)
Bronchodilator
Sympathomimetic
Used for long term control of asthma, prevention of exercise-induced asthma, prevention of bronchospasm in COPD
Benzonanatate (tessalon)
Treatment of nonproductive cough
Disulfiram (Antabuse)
Treatment of chronic alcoholism by causing severe hypersensitivity (SE EXPECTED in presence of ETOH: chest pain, flushing, heart arrhythmias, hypotension, seizure, throbbing in head and neck, sweating)
Carbonyl iron
Replacement iron
SE: stools black or dark green, nausea, constipation
*Can’t take with antacids
Ferric gluconate (Ferriecit)
Iron replacement
SE: stools black or dark green, nausea, constipation
*Can’t take with antacids
Iron polysaccharide (Niferex)
Iron replacement
SE: stools black or dark green, nausea, constipation
*Can’t take with antacids
Potassium
Prevention and treatment of hypokalemia
(with diuretics and with chronic diarrhea)
*Monitor K+
Naloxone HCL (Narcan)
Treatment / replacement / narcotic antagonists
Used to reverse narcotic depression, including respiratory symptoms SE: withdrawal symptoms in narcotic-dependent patients: restlessness, muscle spasms and tearing
Ergocalciferol (Vitamin D)
Vitamin D replacement
Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)
Vitamin B12 replacement
Folic acid
Vitamin replacement
Hydroxocobalamin (Vitamin B12)
Vitamin replacement
Nicacinamide
Vitamin replacement
Prophylaxis of high cholesterol
Desogestrel / ethinyl estradiol (cyclessa, desogen, mircette)
Contraceptive
Drospirenone / ethinyl estradiol (Yaz)
Contraceptive
Ethinyl estradiol / ethnodiol (Demulen)
Contraceptive
Ethinyl estradiol / norethindrone (ortho Novum 1/35)
Contraceptive (monophasic)
Ethinyl estradiol / norethindrone (ortho-Novum 7-7-7)
Contraceptive (triphasic)
Ethinyl estradiol / norgestrel (ovral, ogestril)
Contraceptive
Hydroxyzine (Atarax, Vistaril)
Antihistamine, allergy and asthma medication
Treatment of pruritis, pre-op anxiety, post-op nausea and vomiting, to potentiate opioid analgesics, sedation
SE: drowsiness, dry mouth, dizziness
Levonorgestrel (Mirena)
Systemic contraceptive
Prevention of pregnancy for 5 years as a contraceptive implant; emergency contraceptive in oral form
Loratadine (alavert, Claritin)
Allergy and asthma medication
Used for management of seasonal rhinitis
Fexofenadine (allegra)
Antihistamine
Used for management of rhinitis, allergy symptoms, chronic idiopathic urticaria
Lorazepam (Ativan)
Antianxiety agent
Benzodiazepine
Used for management of anxiety, irritability preoperatively, insomnia, adjunct in endoscopic procedures
Citalopram (celexa)
Antidepressants; SSRIs
Used for treatment of major depression, taken in AM to avoid insomnia
SE: palpitations, bradycardia, nervousness, drowsiness
Escitalopram oxalate (Lexapro)
Antidepressants; SSRIs
Fluoxetine (Prozac)
Antidepressants; SSRIs
Paroxetine HCL (Paxil)
Antidepressants; SSRIs
Amitriptyline (Elavil)
Antidepressant
Tricyclic
Doxepin (sinequan)
Antidepressant
Tricyclic
Mometasone (nasonex)
Corticosteroid
Allergy and asthma medication
Imipramine (tofranil)
Antidepressant
Tricyclic
Guaifenesin (Robitussin, mucinex, mytussin)
Expectorant
*Take with full glass of water to dilute the sputum
Spironolactone (aldactone)
Potassium-sparing / combination diuretic
Hydrocholorothiazide (microzide)
Thiazide / related diuretic
SE: K+ loss
Triamcinolone acetonide (Kenalog)
Anti-inflammatory / dermatological topical
Glimepiride (Amaryl)
Hypoglycemic agent
Diabetic medication / sulfonylurea
Fluticasone propionate salmetrol (Advair Diskus)
Used to control and prevent symptoms (wheezing and shortness of breath) caused by asthma or ongoing lung disease (such as COPD)
Metoclopramide HCL (reglan)
Antiemetic –
Increases GI motility
Used for prevention of nausea, vomiting induced by chemo, radiation, delayed gastric emptying (commonly occurring after surgery), GERD
Triamcinolone (Nasocort)
Allergy and asthma medication / corticosteroid
Used in chronic asthma, and treatment of seasonal or perennial rhinitis
Acetaminophen (APAP, Tylenol)
SIGNS of chronic poisoning / overdose: rapid, weak pulse, dyspnea, cold, clammy extremities, bleeding, bruising, malaise, fever, sore throat, anorexia, jaundice
Aspirin
Analgesic, nonopioid
SIGNS of long term use: Check for liver damage (dark urine, clay-colored stools, yellowing of skin and sclera, itching, abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea)
Celecoxib (Celebrex)
Nonopioid analgesic
COX-2 inhibitor
Dorzolamide / timolol (Cosopt)
Antiglaucoma medication / ophthalmic
Methacarbamol (robaxin)
Skeletal muscle relaxant
Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
Nonopioid analgesic
Naproxen (Aleve OTC, anaprox, Naprosyn)
Nonopioid analgesic
Codeine
Opioid analgesic
Used to treat moderate to severe pain, nonproductive cough
Flurbiprofen (Ocufen)
Ophthalmic
Inhibits intraoperative miosis
Estradiol cypionate, estradiol valerate (depogen)
Estrogen
Used for treatment of menopause symptoms, prostatic cancer, atrophic vaginitis, prevention of osteoporosis
Estradiol patch (Climara, Fempatch, Estraderm)
Estrogen
Used for treatment of menopause, prostatic cancer, atrophic vaginitis, prevention of osteoporosis
Flunisolide (Nasolide, Aerobid)
Corticosteroid for allergy and asthma
Fluticasone (Flonase)
Corticosteroid for allergy and asthma
Cephradine (Velosef)
Anti-infective
Cephalosporin
Cefotoxitin (Mefoxin)
Anti-infective
Cephalosporin
Cefdinir (Omnicef)
Anti-infective
Cephalosporin
Cefepime (Maximpime)
Anti-infective
Cephalosporin
Cefpodoxime (Vantin)
Anti-infective
Cephalosporin
Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
Anti-infective / fluorquinolone
Nabumetone (Relafen)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory
Fosinopril (Monopril)
Cardiovascular
ACE inhibitor
Used for treatment of hypertension, adjunct in treating HF when not responding to usual meds / adjunct in preventing diabetic nephropathy
Carbamazepine (Tegretol)
Bipolar agent
Used in treatment of seizures, trigeminal neuralgia, diabetic neuropathy
Temazepam (restoril)
Hypnotic
Used for short term (7-10 days) of insomnia
Zaleplon (Sonata)
Hypnotic
Used in short term treatment of insomnia
Zolpidem tartrate (Ambien)
Used in short term treatment of insomnia
Allopurinol (Zyloprim)
Anti-gout agent
Colchicine
Used for treatment and prevention of acute gout attacks
Probenecid
Antigout agent
Hydrocodone bitartrate (Lortab)
Opiod analgesic
Used for moderate to moderately-severe pain
Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
Opioid analgesic
Used for treatment of moderate to severe pain
Meperidine (Demerol)
Opioid analgesic
Used for management of moderate to severe pain, preop sedation, post-op and OB analgesia
Methadone
Opioid analgesic
Used for relief of pain, detoxification / maintenance of narcotic addiction
Morphine (Duramorph, MS Contin, Kadian)
Opioid analgesic
Used for relief of severe pain
Heparin
Anticoagulant
* monitor PTT (@ 1.5-2.5 control without signs of hemorrhage)
Warfarin (coumadin)
Anticoagulant
Used in pulmonary emboli, DVT, MI, Atrial dysrhythmias, postcardiac valve replacement
* (PT @ 1.5-2.5 control, INR @ 2-3)
Carbamazepine (Tegretol)
Anticonvulsant
Divalproex sodium (Depakote)
Anticonvulant
Used in management of seizures, manic episodes associated with bipolar disorder, migraine prophylaxis
Gabapentin (Neurontin)
Anticonvulsant
Used for management of seizures and postherpetic neuralgia, diabetic neuropathy
Lamotrigine (Lamictal)
Management of seizures, abnormal mood disorders
Phenobarbital (luminal)
Anticonvulsant
Management of epilepsy, febrile seizures in children, sedation, insomnia
Ferrous fumarate (Femiron, Feostat)
Mineral treatment / replacement, treatment of iron deficiency anemia, prophylaxis for iron deficiency in pregnancy
Phenytoin (Dilantin)
Anticonvulsant
Used for management of seizures, migraines, trigeminal neuralgia, Bell’s palsy
*Avoid abrupt withdrawal
*Dilantin levels needed periodically
Pregabalin (Lyrica)
Anticonvulsant
Used for neuropathic pain, diabetic pain, pain after shingles, fibromyalgia, partial onset seizures
Topiramate (Topamax)
For management of seizures, prophylaxis of migraine headaches, cluster headaches, bulimia
Valproate (Depacon)
Anticonvulsant
Used in management of seizures, manic episodes associated with bipolar disorders, prevent migraines
Amphotericin B
Antifungal
DO NOT MIX with other drugs
Used for treatment of histoplasmosis, skin infections, septicemia, meningitis in HIV pts.
Amikacin, gentamicin, tobramycin (Amikin, Garamycin, Tobrax)
Aminoglycosides / anti-infectives
Used for treatment of severe systemic infections of CNS, respiratory, GI, urinary tract, bone, skin, soft tissues, acute PID
*Careful monitoring of blood levels / peaks and troughs /
*Monitor for signs of superinfection (diarrhea, URI, coated tongue), IMMEDIATELY report hearing or balance problems / take with lots of fluids
Valproic acid (depakene)
Anticonvulsant
Used for management of seizures, mania, prevent migraine headaches
Fluconazole (diflucan)
Used to treat vaginal, esophageal, or systemic candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis
Hydroxychloroquine (plaquenil)
Management of malaria, lupus erythmatosus, rheumatoid arthritis
Antipyrine/benzocaine (auralgan)
Glycerin otic solution
Otic analgesic
Hydrocortisone/neomycin / polymixin otic (Cortisporin)
Analgesic and antibiotic for treatment of bacterial infections of external auditory canal
Quinine sulfate
Anti-malarial
Metronidazole (Flagyl)
Treatment of a wide variety of infections, including trichomoniasis and giardiasis
Oseltamivir phosphate (Tamiflu)
Prophylaxis for influenza, including Avian Bird Flu
Acyclovir (Zovirax)
Antiviral
Treatment of herpes, varicella
Isoniazid (INH)
Antituberculars
Valcyclovir (Valtrex)
Antiviral
Treatment of genital herpes, Herpes Zoster (shingles), herpes labialis (cold sores)
*Need to drink plenty of fluids
Zidovudine (AZT, Retrovir)
Antiviral
Used for management of HIV and prevention of HIV following needlesticks
Cefadroxil (Duricef)
Cephalosporin
Anti-infective
Cephalexin (Keflex)
Cephalosporin
Anti-infective
Cefaclor (Ceclor)
Cephalosporin
Anti-infective
Cefotetan
Cephalosporin
Anti-infective
Cefprozil (Cefzil)
Cephalosporin
Anti-infective
Terbutaline sulfate
Bronchodilator
Sympathomimetic
Risperidone (Risperdal)
Antiphsycotic
Used in treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar I disorder, autistic disorder
Alendronate (Fosamax)
Bone resorption inhibitor
Hormones, synthetic substitutes / modifiers
For osteoporosis in post menopausal women, and in men, Paget’s disease
Nitrofurantoin (Macrobid, Macrodantin)
Urinary anti-infective
Calcium carbonate (tums)
GI med, antacid – also used as a calcium supplement
Chlorthalidone (Thalitone; tenoretic is combination with atenolol)
Thiazide / related diuretic
Metolazone (Zaroxolyn)
Thiazide / related diuretic
Used in treatment of edema of CHF, and hypertension, edema of renal diseases
Clopidogrel (Plavix)
Platelet aggregation inhibitor
Used to reduce risk of stroke, MI, peripheral artery disease in hi risk patients, ACS
Clonidine patch (catapres)
Anti-hypertensive
Treatment of HTN, severe cancer pain (in combination with opiates)
Atorvastatin calcium (Lipitor)
Used to lower cholesterol, digitalis toxicity, biliary obstruction pruritis and diarrhea; decrease risk of MT, stroke in pt with type 2 diabetes
Ticopidine (Ticlid)
Platelet aggregation inhibitor
Cardiovascular
Used for prevention of stroke in high risk patients
Beclomethasone (Beclovent, Beconase)
Corticosteroid used in allergy and asthma
Ibuprofen (Advil, motrin)
Nonsalicylate NSAID, antirheumatic
Vardenafil (Levitra)
For erectile dysfunction
Indomethacin (Indocin)
Musculoskeletal / nonsalicylate NSAID, antirheumatic
Used for treatment of gout, RA/OA, acute painful shoulder
Naproxen (aleve, anaprox, Naprosyn)
Nonsalicylate NSAID, antirheumatic
Used for mild to moderate pain, treatment of arthritis, primary dysmenorrhea
Piroxicam (Feldene)
Nonsalicylate NSAID, antirheumatic
Used for mild to moderate pain, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis
Salsalate
Used for mild to moderate pain, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis
Baclofen (Lioresal)
Musculoskeletal muscle relaxant
Used to reduce spasticity in multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, flexor spasms, and muscular rigidity
Estrogens conjugated (premarin)
Treatment of menopause symptoms, inoperable breast cancer, prostatic cancer, abnormal uterine bleeding, prevention of osteoporosis
Clomiphene citrate (Clomid)
Hormone
Ovulation stimulant
Cefuroxime (Ceftin, Zinacef)
Anti-infective
Cephalosporin
Metaxalone (Skelaxin)
Musculoskeletal muscle relaxant
Cefotaxime (Claforan)
Anti-infective
Cephalosporin
Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
Fluoroquinolone, anti-infective
Vancomycin (Vancocin)
Anti-infective, glycopeptide
Used for treatment of resistant staph infections, colitis, staph enterocolitis, endocarditis prophylaxis for dental procedures (used for c.difficile)
Clindamycin HCL phosphate (Cleocin)
Anti-infective lincosamide
Used for treatment of infections caused by staph, strep, and other organisms
Azithromycin (Zithromax)
Anti-infective, macrolide
Used for treatment of mild to moderate infections of the respiratory tract, skin, nongonococcal urethritis, cervicitis, acute pharyngitis / tonsillitis, community acquired pneumonia (given for five days, stays in body for 10 days)
Clarithromycin (Biaxin)
Anti-infective, macrolide
Used for respiratory infections, pharyngitis / tonsillitis, sinusitis – and part of the triple regimen for H pylori
Erythromycin (EES, Ery-Tab, erythrocin)
Anti-infective
Macrolide
Ferrous gluconate (Fergon)
Iron replacement for iron deficiency anemia, prophylaxis for iron deficiency in pregnancy
*Stools will become black or dark green
SE: constipation
Ferrous sulfate (Feosol)
Iron replacement for iron deficiency anemia, prophylaxis for iron deficiency in pregnancy
*Stools will become black or dark green
SE: constipation
Sulfisoxazole
Anti-infective
Sulfonamides
Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)
Anti-infective, sulfonamide
Used for urinary tract infections, chancroid, acute otitis media, acute and chronic prostatitis, shigellosis, pneumonitis, chronic bronchitis, traveler’s diarrhea. THIS IS A SULFA DRUG
SE include: hypersensitivity reaction (skin rash), photosensitivity, n/v, anorexia, blood dyscrasia, abdominal pain – STOP AT FIRST SIGN OF SKIN RASH
Doxycycline (Vibramycin)
Anti-infective
Tetracycline
Used for treatment of syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, malaria prophylaxis, chronic periodontitis, acne, anthrax
Minocycline (Minocin)
Anti-infective
Tetracycline
Used for treatment of chlamydia, periodontitis, acne, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, respiratory tract infections, meningitis
Hydrocortisone (Cortef, Solu-Cortef)
Corticosteroid / anti-inflammatory
Used for treatment of severe inflammation, septic shock, adrenal insufficiency, ulcerative colitis, collagen disorders
Methylprednisolone (Medrol)
Anti-inflammatory med; corticosteroid
Used for treatment of severe inflammation, shock, adrenal insufficiency, management of acute spinal cord injury, collagen disorders
SE: Peptic ulcer, possible perforation, hypertension and circulatory problems, poor wound healing, hyperglycemia, psychic derangements
Prednisolone
Anti-inflammatory med; corticosteroid
Used for treatment of severe inflammation, immunosuppresion, neoplasms
Prednisone
Anti-inflammatory / corticosteroid
Used for treatment of severe inflammation, immunosuppression, neoplasms, multiple sclerosis, collagen disorders, dermatologic disorders, myasthenia gravis
SE: Peptic ulcer, possible perforation, hypertension and circulatory problems, poor wound healing, hyperglycemia, psychic derangements
Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
Anti-inflammatory
NONsteroidal
Naproxen (aleve, Naprosyn)
Anti-inflammatory
NONsteroidal
Methotrexate
Antineoplastic
Tamoxifen
Antineoplastic
Used for management of advanced breast cancer not responsive to other therapy in estrogen-receptor-positive patients / also prophylactic in high risk breast cancer patients
Benazepril Hcl (Lotensin)
Cardiovascular
Ace inhibitor
Captopril (Capoten)
ACE inhibitor
Cardiovascular
Anti-hypertensive
Enalapril (Vasotec)
ACE inhibitor
Cardiovascular
Anti-hypertensive
Lisinopril ( Prinivil, Zestril)
To treat hypertension and prevent kidney and heart remodeling (as are all ACEs)
SE: may cause cough or SIADH
Doxazosin mesylate (Cardura)
Alpha blocker
Cardiovascular
Treatment of hypertension, BPH
Travoprost (Travatan)
Antiglaucoma
Levobunolol
Beta blocker (topical, ophthalmic)
Sotalol (Betapace)
Beta blocker / CV
Prazosin Hcl
Alpha blocker
Cardiovascular
Terazosin (Hytrin)
Alpha blocker
Cardiovascular
Often used in men with BPH AND HTN (kills two birds with one stone)
Valsartan (Diovan)
Angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB)
Cardiovascular
Used for treatment of hypertension; heart failure for patients who cannot take an ACE inhibitor, reduction of cardiovascular mortality in patients with left ventricular failure, or left ventricular dysfunction after MI
Isosorbide dinitrate (Isordil)
Anti-anginal
Cardiovascular
Treatment / prophylaxis of angina pectoris, CHF
SE: dizziness, postural hypotension
Nitroglycerin (nitro-dur, nitrostat)
Anti-anginal
Cardiovascular
Treatment / prophylaxis of angina pectoris; IV used for control of BP during surgery and CHF associated with acute MI
SE: transient headache, postural hypotension, flushing
Amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone)
Cardiovascular
Anti-arrhythmic
Used for management of ventricular arrhythmias unresponsive to less toxic agents
SE: bradycardia, hypotension, muscle weakness, cardiac arrest
Lidocaine (xylocaine)
Anti-arrhythmic
Cardiovascular
Used for premature ventricular contractions (PVCs)
SE: hypotension, tremors, double vision, tinnitus, respiratory depression, bradycardia / arrest; Nursing: check BUN, creatinine, rales in lungs
Procainamide
Cardiovascular
Anti-arrhythmic
Quinidine
Cardiovascular
Anti-arrhythmic
Used for atrial or ventricular arrhythmias and to treat malaria
Sotalol (Betapace)
Anti-arrhythmic
Cardiovascular
Used for management of life threatening ventricular arrhythmias
Bisoprolol (Zebeta)
Beta blocker
Anti-hypertensive
Hydralazine
Cardiovascular
Anti-hypertensive, direct acting vasodilator
Hydrochlorothiazide / lisinopril (Prinizide, zestoretic)
ACE Inhibitor
Treatment of hypertension
Minoxidil (Rogaine)
Anti-hypertensive
Cardiovascular
A topical application approved to promote hair growth in men and women
* TEACH patient to take radial pulse
SE: increase in body hair
Albuterol sulfate (Proventil-HFA)
Bronchodilator
Sympathomimetic
TREATMENT of bronchial asthma, reversible bronchospasm, prevention of exercise-induced asthma
Colestipol (Colestid)
Antilipemic agent
Cardiovascular
Fenofibrate (TriCor, Lipofen)
Antilipemic agent
Cardiovascular
Gemfibrozil (Lopid)
Antilipemic
Cardiovascular
Used to lower cholesterol levels; type IV and V hyperlipidemia
Lovastatin (Mevocor)
Antilipemic agent
Cardiovascular
Rosuvastatin calcium (Crestor)
Antilipemic agent
Cardiovascular
Simvastatin (Zocor)
Antilipemic agent
Cardiovascular
Treatment of hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperlipoproteinemias, coronary artery disease
Pravastatin (Pravachol)
Antilipemic agent
Cardiovascular
Nicotinic acid
Antilipemic agent
Cardiovascular
Niacin-(Niaspan – sustained release)
Antilipemic agent
Cardiovascular
Atenolol (Tenormin, Tenoretic as combination with chlorthalidone)
Beta blocker
Cardiovascular
Carvedilol (Coreg)
Beta blocker
Cardiovascular
Metoprolol (Toprol)
Beta blocker
Cardiovascular
Amlodipine besylate (Norvasc)
Calcium channel blocker
Cardiovascular
Diltiazem Hcl (Cardizem, Dilacor, Tiazac)
Calcium channel blocker
Cardiovascular
Ipratropium bromide (Atrovent)
Respiratory bronchodilator
Anticholinergic
Verapamil HCL (Calan)
Calcium channel blocker
Cardiovascular
Nifedipine (Adalat, Procardia)
Calcium channel blocker
Cardiovascular
Felodipine
Calcium channel blocker
Cardiovascular
Digoxin (Lanoxin)
Digitalis glycoside
Cardiovascular
Used in treatment of CHF, atrial fib, flutter, or tachycardia
*Check pulse: hold if less than 60 (adult) or less than 90 ( infant)
* MAY need dig level – if loss of appetite, lower stomach pain, diarrhea, weakness, drowsiness, headache, blurred or yellow vision, rash, depression
Bumetanide (Bumex)
Loop diuretic
Cardiovascular
Treatment of edema, adult nocturnia
*Watch K+
Furosemide (Lasix)
Loop diuretic,
Cardiovascular
*Watch K+
Hydrocodone (Hycodan, with acetaminophen – Vicodin or Lortab)
Antitussive, respiratory medication (except when combined with acetaminophen
Used for mild to moderate pain
Cetirizine (Zyrtec)
Antihistamine
For allergy and asthma – seasonal alleries or allergic rhinitis
Dipyridamole (persantine)
Platelet aggregation inhibitor
Cardiovascular
Hydrochlorothiazide / triamterene (Dyazide, maxzide)
Potassium sparing / combination diuretic
Cardiovascular
Isotretinoin
Acne agent
Dermatological
Ketoconazole (Nizoral)
Antifungal
Topical
Dermatological
Nystatin (Mycostatin)
NOTICE THIS IS NOT THE STATIN for HLD
Antifungal, topical, dermatological
Used for treatment of candida infections
Acarbose (precise)
Drug used to slow down absorption of sugar from gut Used with people with type 2 diabetes
Glipizide (Glucotrol)
Hypoglycemic sulfonylurea
For Type 2 DM
SE: low blood sugar
Glyburide (DiaBeta)
Hypoglycemic sulfonylurea
For Type 2 DM
SE: low blood sugar
Metformin (Glucophage)
Drug used to decrease liver’s release of sugar
Associated with weight loss
First line type 2 DM
Insulin aspart (novolog)
Management of DM
Rapid acting (5-15 minutes), used in pumps,
SE: low blood sugar
Insulin glargine (Lantus)
Management of DM
Long acting
May be dosed once to twice daily
SE: low blood sugar
Insulin, isophane suspension (NPH)-Humulin N, Novolin N
Intermediate acting insulin for DM
Usually dosed twice daily
Insulin lispro (Humalog)
Insulin rapid acting (5-15”)
SE: low blood sugar
Pioglitazone hydrochloride (Actos)
MAY cause heart problems (under scrutiny)
Used for treatment for type 2 diabetes
Repaglinide (Prandin)
Diabetes medication Type 2
*Dose skipped if meal skipped
*Do not use with NPH insulin
Rosiglitazone maleate (Avandia)
Pioglitazone hydrochloride (Actos)
MAY cause heart problems (under scrutiny)
Used for treatment for type 2 diabetes
Insulin, regular (Humulin R)
Short acting insulin (within 30 minutes) – for DM
Glucagon (GlucaGen)
Reversal of hypoglycemia (providing there is stored sugar somewhere – there may not be if the person is cachexic from cancer, starvation)
Aluminum hydroxide gel (Amphojel)
Antacid
Hydroxymagnesium aluminate (Riopan)
Antacid
Dicyclomine HCL (Bentyl)
Anticholinergic
Used in treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Hyoscyamine (Anaspaz)
Anticholinergic
For IBS
Loperamide HCL (Imodium)
Antidiarrrheal
Meclizine (Antivert)
Antiemetic
Used in management of vertigo, motion sickness
Prochlorperazine (Compazine)
Antiemetic
Management of nausea, vomiting (can be given bid prophylactically in dying persons), psychotic disorders
Promethazine (Phenergan)
Antiemetic
Simethicone (Gas X, Mylicon)
Antiflatulent
Esomeprazole magnesium (Nexium)
Antisecretory
Proton pump inhibitor (PPI)
Short term treatment of erosive esophagitis, also GERD
Omeprazole (Prilosec)
Antisecretory
PPI
Treatment of active duodenal ulcers, GERD
Cimetidine (tagamet)
Anti-ulcer medications
H2blocker
Treatment of GERD (reducing gastric acid secretions by 50-80%) – also used in treatment of chronic warts in children
Famotidine (Pepcid)
Anti-ulcer medication
H2 blocker
Treatment of duodenal and gastric ulcers, GERD, heartburn
Lansoprazole (prevacid)
Anti-ulcer med
PPI
Misoprostol (Cytotec)
Anti-ulcer med
Prevention of gastric ulcers during NSAID therapy, synthetic prostaglandin E1 analog
Used to prevent NSAID induced ulcers / ALSO used to terminate a pregnancy by starting labor
Rabeprazole (Aciphex)
Anti-ulcer medication
PPI
Ranitidine (Zantac)
Antiulcer medication
H2 blocker
Sucralfate (Carafate)
Anti-ulcer
Short term treatment (less than 8 weeks) of duodenal ulcers
Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)
Anti-ulcer medication
Used for treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases and arthritis
Phentermine (lonamin)
Appetite suppressant
Sibutramine (Meridia)
Appetite suppressant
Lactulose syrup (Enulose)
Laxative
Used for chronic constipation; prevention and treatment of portal-systemic encephaloptic including hepatic precoma and coma
Pancreatin
Pancreatic enzyme
Pancrelipaze (Pancrease)
Pancreatic enzyme
Used to replace or supplement naturally occurring enzymes, contains lipase, amylase, and protease due to cystic fibrosis
Tamsulosin hydrochloride (flomax)
(the SINS ) –alpha adrenoceptor antagonist
Used in treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
Oxybutynin chloride (Ditropan)
Anticholinergic
Antispasmodic treatment of neurogenic bladder (hyperactive or overactive bladder)
Tolterodine tartrate (Detrol)
Anticholinergic (hyper or overactive bladder)
Sildenafil citrate (Viagra)
The ‘fils’ – treatment of erectile dysfunction
Levothyroxine (T4) – (Synthroid)
Management of hypothyroidism, myxedema coma, thyroid hormone replacement
Alprazolam (Xanax)
Anti-anxiety agent
Benzodiazepine
Buspirone (BuSpar)
Anti-anxiety drug – management of anxiety disorders (only one Dr. Hager knows of that is not a controlled substance)
Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
Anti-anxiety
Diazepam (Valium)
Anti-anxiety
Sertraline HCL (Zoloft)
Antidepressant
SSRIs
Mirtazapine (Remeron)
Antidepressant ‘other’
Nortriptyline (Pamelor)
Antidepressant
Tricylic
Bupropion HCl (Wellbutrin, Zyban)
Antidepressant ‘other’
Used for treatment of depression and smoking cessation
Duloxetine hydrochloride (Cymbalta)
Antidepressant, ‘other’
Used for treatment of depression, anxiety, diabetic neuropathy, and fibromyalgia
Trazodone
Antidepressant, ‘other’
Treatment of major depression
Venlafaxine (Effexor)
Antidepressant ‘other’
Treatment of major depression or relapse, generalized anxiety disorder
Haloperidol (Haldol)
Antipsychotic
Treatment of Tourette syndrome, schizophrenia
Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
Antipsychotic
Useful in schizophrenia and Bipolar I disorder
Quetiapine (Seroquel)
Antipsychotic
Used in treatment of schizophrenia, Bipolar I disorder
Ziprasidone HCL (Geodon)
Antipsychotic
Methylphenidate Hcl (Concerta, Ritalin)
Attention deficit disorder agent
For attention deficit disorder (ADHD) in children over 6 and depression in elderly, narcolepsy
Lithium (Lithobid)
Bipolar agent
Divalproex sodium (Depakote)
Bipolar agent
Management of seizures, manic episodes assoc with bipolar disorder (migraine prophylaxis).
*For Bipolar and migraine, the delayed and extended release must be ordered
Risendronate (Actonel)
Bone resorption inhibitor
Etidronate (Didronel)
Parathyroid agent (Calcium regulator)
Phenazopyridine HCL (pyridium)
Urinary analgesic (NOT an antibiotic – only takes away the pain)
*Colors urine orange
Finasteride (Proscar, propecia)
Testosterone inhibitor
Treatment of BPH by Proscar, male hair loss by Propecia
Tadalafil (Cialis)
Erectile dysfunction agent