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75 Cards in this Set

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SODIUM
135-145 mEq/L
Potassium
3.5-5.5 mEq/L
Calcium
9.3-10.9 mg/dl
Chloride
95-105 mEq/L
Magnesium
1.5-2.5 mEq/L
toxic = 4.8-9.6 mEq/L
Phosphorus
2.5-4.5 mEq/L
RBC
4.5-5 million
WBC
5'000 -10'000
Plt
200 000- 400 000
Hgb
40%-48% women
42%-50% men
HCO3

ABG
24-26 mEq/L
CO2
ABG
35-45 mEq/L
PaO2
ABG
80%-100%
SaO2
ABG
>95%
Glucose
70-110 mg/dl
spacific gravity
1.010-1.030
BUN
7-22 mg/dl
Creatine
0.6-1.35 mg/dl
greater than 2 in older adults
LDH
100-190 U/I
CPK
21-232 U/I
Uric acid
3.5 -7.5 mg/dl
Triglyceride
40-50 mg/dl
Total cholesterol
130-200 mg/dl
Bilrubin
less then 1.0 mg/dl
Protein
6.2 -8.1 g/dl
Albumin
3.4-5.0 g/dl
Digoxin
0.5-2.0 mg/ml
Lithium
0.8-1.5 mEq/L
Dilantin
10-20 mcg/dl
Theophylline
10-20 mcg/dl
HR
60-100
RR
12-20
BP
110-120 systolic
60-90 diastolic
temp
98.6 +/- 1
CVP
2-6 mm/H20
FHR
120-160
Variability
6-10 BPM
contractions
2-5 minutes apart
less 90 sec
intensity- less 100 mm/hg
amiotic fluid
nitrozine urine
amniotic
500-1000ml
litmus paper green
litmus paper blue
AVA
umbilical cord has two arteries one vein
FAB9
folic acid
decreses neural tube defects
clinet should begin 3 months before pregnant
treatment for maternal
hypotension
stop pitocin if infussing
turn the clinet on the left side
administer oxygen
push iv fluids
STOP
coumadin(sodium warfarin)
PT - 10-12
antidote for coumadin toxicity
vitamin k
Heparin/Lovenox/Dalteparin


antidote-
PTT
30-45 sec

protamine sulfate
jehovah witness
no blood products
hindu
no beef/gelatin
jewish
no pork
renal diet
high calorie/high carb./low protein/low potassium/low sodium/fluid restriction intake=output 500cc
gout diet
low purine (sardines...)omit poultry
meds= acute is colchicine
maintenece is zyloprim
heart healthy diet
low fat less then 30 % of diet
acid/base balance
less 7.35 Acid
> 7.45 Alkaline
respiratory acidosis

opp.
pH down CO2 up and HCO3 up
metabolic acidosis

equal
pH dowm CO2 down and HCO3 down
respiratory alkalosis

opp.
pH up CO2 down HCO3 down
metabolic alkalosis

equal
pH up CO2 up an HCO up
addisons

cushings
add cortisone

too much cortisone
treatment spider bites/bleeding
RICE
rest ice compression elevate extremity
treatment for sickle cell crises
HHOP
heat hydration oxygen pain meds
risk factors for gallbladder disease
fair fat forty five pregnacies flatulent
caine=
mab=
stigmine=
phylline=
cal=
done=
anesthetics
monoclonal antibodies
cholinergics
bronchodilators
calcium
opoids
femur fractures

hip fractures
risk for fat emboli

commonly hemmorage
angiotension
-pril
treat-hypertension primary/sec.
SE- HypoT BC TC H N/V
respiratory prob
Moniter- VS reg./WBC/electrolytes
beta adrenergic blockers
-olol
treat-lower BP/HR/COutput
SE-O.hypoT/BC/NV/diarhea/
CHF/blood dyscrasias
moniter-lab values- /BUN creatine for nephrotic
syndrome
VS
edema
teach -rise slowly/taper off meds report AEdepression/fever/BC)
anti-infectives
-mycin/cillin/cef-/sulf
kills bacteria
SE- ototoxicity/nephrotoxicity /
seziures/blood dys./hypoT/Rash
moniter-I/O signs of toxcity /urinary change/VS while infusion /peak-troughs/history of allergies/patent IV site
benzodiazpines (anticonvulsants/sedative/antianxiety)
-pam - poxide
treat- anxiety /sleep prob
SE-drwsiness/lethargy/ataxia/depression/restlessness/slurred speech BC HypoT Diplopia /Nystagmus/ NV/constiparion/incontinence
urinary retentio nrespiratory depression
monier-liver kidney and bone marrow function and respirations
phenothiazines antipsychotic/anitemetic
-zine
*
be given IM-z track BC irratating to skin
SE or AE- extrapyramidal effects/drwsines/sedation/O. HypoT/dry mouth
glucocorticoids
-one
-cort
treat - addisons/anitinflamatory/reduce cerebral edema
SE/AE- acne poor wound healing eccymosis /brusing petechaie/dpression/flushing/sweating/moo changes/hyperT/osteoporosis/diarrhea/hemmorage
moniter-glucose/weigh daily/BP/signs of infection
antivirals
-vir
treat- AIDS/HSV-1 and 2 /vaicella infections(chikenpox)/hepes zoster(shingles)/herpes simplex (fever blisters()/RSV/CMV/retnitis
SE/AE=NV diarrhea/ oliguria/poteinuria/vaginitis

CNS -tremors/confusin /seizures

moniter-creatine levels/liver bowel pattern/tell to report rash(allergic reation!)/signs of infection
cholesterol lowering agents
-statin

*rhabdomyolysis=muslce wasting linked with use
take lipitor at night/dont take this class with grapejuice
SE-rash/alopecia/dyspepsia/liver prop./muscle weakness /myalgia/H
moniter-liver/renalcholesterol
visual changes
(opacities)
muscle pain or weakness
angiotension receptor blockers(of vasocontrsiction/adolsetrone secreting)
-startan
treats- hypertensions cough due to ACE inhibitors
SE/AE = Dizz/insomia/depression/angina pectoris/second degree AV block /conjuctivitis/Diar./NV/muscle cramps /netropenia/cough
Moniter-BUN/BP/P/creatine B4/electrolytes/edema in legs/hydration
Cox 2 enzyme blockers
-xib

*eat with food BC GI discomfort
*link to increased risk for MI/stroke
treat-relieve pain/reduce inflamation with osteoarthritis/rhematoid
known as NSAIDS
SE-Fatigue anxiety depression dizziness TC Tinnitus N gastroenteritis stomatitis
moniter-platlet/tell reprt brusing /any change in bowel
histamine 2 Antagonist(block histamine receptors)
-tidine
treats- GERD/gastric ulcers/decrease acid productio SE-confusion/BC/TC/Diar./Psychosis/seizures/agranulocytosis/rash/alopecia/gynecomastia/galatorrhea
moniter-gastric
PH /BUN/give with meals/antaacids 1 hr b4 or after /
proton pump inhibotors
(inhibits hydrogen/patassium)
-prazole
* Abilify genric name ariprazole (not a proton pump drug)
treats-GERDS/esophagitis/indigestion
SE= H insomnia/diar./gas/rash/hperglycemia
moniter-not to crush pantaprazole/
take B4 meals
and liver function
anticoagulents
-parin sodium
treat-thrombolytic disease
PE/MI/DVT/after coronary bypass
SE-fever/diar./stomatitis/bleeding /hematuria/dermatitis/aopecia/pruritis
moniter- occult blood /PTT theraputic 1.2-2.0 x control/platlet count/signs of bleeding and iinfection