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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
All of the following characterize Baroque art, with the exception of:
c. Rational Restraint
The era known as the Baroque period was from:
d. 1600-1750
When and where did Baroque music first appear:
b. around 1600 in northern Italy
What is the name given to the new kind of solo singing that emerged during the late Renaissance and early Baroque era?
b. Monody
What is the term for a small ensemble that provides a foundation for the melody or melodies above, requires at least two instrumentalists, and is heard almost exclusively in Baroque music?
c. basso continuo
The most common basso continuo group was the:
a. harpsichord and cello
Which statement best describes the melodic style of the Baroque period?
e. all of the above
The dramatic text that composers set to music in an opera, oratorio, or cantata is called:
b. libretto
Which italian muscician composed important operas and spent a significant portion of his career as the maestro di cappella of St. Mark's Basilica in Venice?
a. Monteverdi
Musically heightened speech that relates the action or dramatic narrative to the audience is called:
d. recitative
What forms the core of sound in the Western classical orchestra?
d. strings
_____ was a strict disciplinarian who insisted on high performance standards from his musicians, and known to beat them if they erred. His death resulted from gangrene, which occurred after striking his own foot with his conduction stick.
a. Lully
A bass line that moves at a moderate pace, mostly in equal note values, and often stepwise up or down the scale is known as:
a. walking bass
The soloists in a concerto grosso constitute a subgroup called the:
e. concertino
What form is typically used in the first and third movements of a concerto grosso?
c. ritornello form
This composer, who was born and raised in Venice, was also an ordained priest as well as as a virtuoso violinist. His worldly pursuits, particularly his relationship with a French soprano, eventually brought trouble from church authorities. In spite of his talent and musical genius, he died in obscurity and poverty.
a. Vivaldi
____ learned to compose music by studying the works of Corelli, Vivaldi, Pachelbel, and Palestrina. He also learned to play the organ, in party by emulating others, and soon became the most renowned organ virtuoso in Germany.
b. Bach
Which Baroque genre opens with a section called the "exposition"?
e. fugue
Identify the genre that is not typical of the late Baroque?
e. string quartet
The "Four Seasons" was composted by what composer?
c. Vivaldi
The Brandenburg Concerti were composed by what composer?
a. Bach
How many movements does a concerto have?
c. 3
Who was considered by many the greatest opera composer of the Baroque?
a. Handel
The years between _____ is best known as the Classical Period.
b. 1750-1820
The Classical era was particularly fascinated by the culture of which society?
d. ancient Greece and Rome
Identify the musical trait that is not typical of Classic period style.
d. rhythm moves in a regular, constant pattern throughout the movement
As director of music, he was required to write symphonies, divertimentos, and operas for his patron's evening entertainment, as well as string trios that his patroon could perform. Further, he was responsible for an orchestra that was never larger than 25 musicians and saw to it that all his musicians appeared in uniform and followed instructions.
c. Mozart
One of the most influential creators of the mature Classical style, he composed 104 symphonies and was the first to use theme and variations form for a movement in that genre. Because of his innovations, he is known as the :father of the string quartet".
b. Haydn
As a child he displayed extraordinary musical: playing the piano, violin, and organ as well as composing by the age of six. He could identify the notes played in any chord, and identify a wrong note in a musical score while crawling on his back across a table.
c. Mozart
He was considered the father of the modern piano concerto, compsing 23 original works, most of which were written to impress Viennese audiences with his dazzling display of keyboard virtuosity.
b. Haydn
The section in sonata-allegro form that presents the main thematic material of the movement is the:
e. exposition
When does most of the drama occur during a movement in a sonata-allegro form?
d. development
Identify the statement that does not apply to the sinfonia.
b. the first section is in a slow tempo with dotted rhythms, while the second is in a fast, imitative style
Who is considered the "father of the string quartet"?
b. Haydn
The number and form of the movements in a Classical string quartet are identical to those of the Classical:
e. symphony
It was the chance to perform together in ____ that gave rise to a lasting friendship between Haydn and Mozart.
d. string quartets.
Which instrument is most closely associated with the genre of the sonata?
e. harpsichord
Which genre was typically in three movements (fast-slow-fast) and played by amateur musicians to entertain their family, friends, and potential suitors in the intimacy of their own homes?
e. concerto
Which genre uses double exposition form?
e. sonata
What is the term for a German comic opera?
a. Zauberflote