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76 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Inferior Extensor Retinaculum
Y-shaped band on anterior surface of ankle that retains anterior crural muscle tendons. Upper crus attaches to medial malleolus. Lower crus blends with fascia on medial side of foot. Stem begins on lateral side of foot.
Flexor Retinaculum
Fibrous band on medial side of ankle. Holds tendons for flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, & tibialis posterior. Run from medial malleolus to tarsal bones.
Fascia Lata
Strong fascia enveloping muscles of the thigh.
Quadratus Lumborum
O & I: Attached superiorly to 12th rib, medially to transverse process of lumbar vertebrae, & inferiorly to posterior edge of iliac crest.
N: Subcostal nerve & branches of lumbar plexus.
A: Lateral flexion of trunk.
Levator Ani

[model only]
O: Pubis, pelvic fascia, ischial spine.
I: Central tendon of perineum, external anal sphincter, sacrum, & coccyx.
N: Pudendal nerve.
A: Supports pelvic contents, draws anus upward, and [females] constricts vagina.
Plantar Aponeurosis
Longitudinally arranged bands of white fibrous connective tissue. Radiates toward toes from medial process of the tuberosity of the calcaneus.
Coccygeus

[model only]
O: Ischial spine.
I: Sacrum & coccyx.
N: Pudendal nerve.
A: Supports pelvic contents & draws coccyx forward.
Transversus Perinei Superficialis

[model only]
O: Ramus of ischium.
I: Perineal body.
N: Pudendal nerve.
A: Draws back perineal body.
Bulbospongiosus
Male & Female
[model only]
O: Perineal body (& in males the median raphe).
I: [FEMALE] Corpora cavernosa of the clitoris.
[MALE] Urogenital diaphragm, corpora cavernosa, & corpus spongiosum of penis.
N: Pudendal nerve.
A: [Females] Vaginal sphincter & erection of clitoris.
[Males] Assists in erection, ejaculation, and micturition.
Ischiocavernosus

[model only]
O: Ramus of ischium.
I: [FEMALE] Corpus cavernosum of clitoris.
I: [MALE] Corpus cavernosum of penis.
N: Pudendal nerve.
A: Compresses spongy erectile tissue of corpus cavernosum to maintain erection of tissue.
Transversus Perinei Profundus

[model only]
O: Ramus of ischium.
I: Median raphe with opposite muscle.
N: Pudendal nerve.
A: Compression of urethra.
Spinchter Urethrae

[model only]
O: Inferior ramus of pubis.
I: Midline raphe anterior & posterior to membranous urethra.
N: Pudendal nerve.
a: Constricts membranous urethra.
Iliopsoas
Compound muscle & chief flexor of the thigh.

= Union of Iliacus & Psoas Major.
Psoas Major
O: Bodies of vertebrae and intervertebral disks from T12 to L5.
I: Lesser trochanter of femur.
N: Lumbar plexus.
A: lateral flexor of vertebral column, chief flexor of the thigh, & lateral rotator of thigh.
Iliacus
O: Iliac fossa.
I: Lesser trochanter of femur.
N: Femoral nerve.
A: Flexes thigh & rotates laterally.
Psoas Minor
O: Bodies of T12 and L1 vertebrae and intervertebral disk between them.
I: Iliopubic eminence & pectineal line of pubis.
N: Branch of spinal nerve L1.
A: Flexes vertebral column or pelvis.
Gluteus Maximus
O: Ilium behind posterior gluteal line, sacrum, coccyx, & sacrotuberous ligament.
I: Iliotibial tract of fascia lata and gluteal tuberosity of femur.
N: Inferior gluteal nerve.
A: Extends thigh, rotates thigh laterally, & abducts thigh.
Gluteus Medius
O: Ilium between anterior & posterior gluteal lines.
I: Outer surface of greater trochanter.
N: Superior gluteal nerve.
A: abducts & medially rotates thigh.
Gluteus Minimus
O: Ilium between anterior and inferior gluteal lines.
I: Anterior surface of greater trochanter.
N: Superior gluteal nerves.
A: Abducts & medially rotates thigh.
Tensor Fascia Lata
O: Anterior superior iliac spine.
I: Iliotibial tract.
N: Superior gluteal nerves.
A: tenses fascia lata, flexes, abducts, & medially rotates thigh. Extends knee w/ lateral rotation of leg.
Gemellus Superior
O: Ischial spine.
I: Trochanteric fossa.
N: Nerve to obturator internus muscle.
A: Rotates extended thigh laterally. Abducts flexed thigh.
Gemellus Inferior
O: Ischial tuberosity.
I: Trochanteric fossa.
N: Nerve to quadratus femoris muscle.
A: Rotates extended thigh laterally & abducts flexed thigh.
Obturator Internus

[model only]
O: Pelvic surface of obturator membrane & surrounding bone.
I: Trochanteric fossa.
N: Nerve to obturator internus muscle.
A: Rotates extended thigh laterally & abducts flexed thigh.
Obturator Externus

[MALE model only]
O: External surface of the obturator membrane & bone around obturator foramen.
I: Trochanteric fossa.
N: Obturator nerve.
A: Lateral rotator of thigh.
Piriformis

[model only]
O: Anterior / pelvic surface of sacrum.
I: Greater trochanter of femur.
N: Piriformis branch of sacral plexus.
A: Rotates thigh laterally & abducts flexed thigh.
Quadratus Femoris
O: Ischial tuberosity.
I: Intertrochanteric crest.
N: Nerve to quadratus femoris muscle.
A: lateral rotator of thigh.
Hello, My Name is:

Sartorius
I'm from the: Anterior superior iliac spine

I like to go to the: Medial surface of upper tibia

At work I: Flex the hip and knee. I also abduct with resistance and externally rotate the thigh while sitting

I enjoy: Being the longest muscle in the body & doing hip flexion exercises
Quadriceps Femoris

(composed of four muscles)
1- Rectus femoris
2- Vastus lateralis
3- Vastus medialis
4- Vastus intermedius
Hello My Name is:

Rectus Femoris
I'm from the: Anterior inferior iliac spine

I like to go the: Tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon

At work I: Flex the hip & extend the knee

I enjoy: hanging out with the rest of the quadriceps, and doing squats, leg extensions, and step ups
Hello My Name is:

Vastus Lateralis

( I'm part of Quadriceps Femoris)
I'm from the: Greater trochanter & upper half of lateral lip of linea aspera

I like to go to the: Tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon

At work I: Extend the knee

I enjoy: Working out with the rest of the Quadriceps muscles doing leg extensions
Hello, My Name is:

Vastus Medialis

(I'm part of Quadriceps Femoris)
I'm from the: Whole length of the linea aspera and medial condyloid ridge

I like to go to the: Tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon as well as the upper medial border of the patella

At work I: Extend the knee

I enjoy: Maintaining patellofemoral stability and working out with the rest of the Quadriceps doing squats, leg presses, & knee extensions
Hello, My Name is:

Vastus Intermedius

(I'm part of the Quadriceps Femoris)
I'm from the: Front surface of upper 2/3's of femoral shaft

I like to go to the: Tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon as well as the upper border of the patella

At work I: Extend the knee

I enjoy: Working with the rest of the Quadriceps in running, jumping, skipping, & walking
Hello, My Name is:

Gracilis
I'm from the: Body & inferior ramus of pubis

I like to go to the: Shaft of tibia below the medial condyle

At work I: Adduct the thigh, flex the knee, & assist in rotating flexed leg medially

I enjoy: Horseback riding and doing the breaststroke kick in swimming
Pectineus
O: Pectineal line of pubis & region of pubis anterior to this line.
I: Pectineal line of femur.
N: Femoral nerve & obturator nerve.
A: Adducts & flexes thigh. Laterally rotates thigh.
Adductor Longus
O: Crest & symphysis of pubis.
I: Middle 1/3 of medial lip of linea aspera of femur.
N: Obturator nerve.
A: Adduction of thigh, assists in flexion & lateral rotation of thigh.
Adductor Brevis
O: Inferior ramus of pubis.
I: Upper 1/3 of medial lip of the linea aspera.
N: Obturator nerve.
A: Adduction of thigh. Assists in flexion & lateral rotation of thigh.
Adductor Magnus

(Adductor Portion)
O: Body of pubis, inferior pubic ramus, ischial ramus.
I: Entire length of linea aspera.
N: Obturator nerve.
A: Adductor & extensor of thigh. Also flexor and lateral rotator.
Adductor Magnus

(Extensor Portion)
O: Ischial ramus, ischial tuberosity.
I: Adductor tubercle.
N: Tibial nerve.
A: Adductor & extensor of thigh. Also extensor and medial rotator.
Hello, My Name is:

Semimembranosus

(I'm part of the Hamstrings)
I'm from the: Ischial tuberosity

I like to go to the: Medial condyle of tibia

At work I: Flex the knee, rotate the hip & flexed knee medially, & extend the hip

I enjoy: Providing dynamic medial stability to the knee joint & doing leg curls
Hello, My Name is:

Semitendinosus

(I'm part of the Hamstrings)
I'm from the: Ischial tuberosity

I like to go to the: Medial surface of proximal tibia

At work I: Exend the hip, flex the knee, and rotate the hip & flexed knee medially

I enjoy: Hamstring curls
Hello, My Name is:

Biceps Femoris [Long Head]

(I'm part of the Hamstrings)
I come from the: Ischial tuberosity

I like to go to the: Head of fibula and lateral condyle of tibia

At work I: Flex the knee, rotate the leg medially, & extend the hip

I enjoy: Perfomring hamstring curls especially when the knee is in external rotation
Hello, My Name is:

Biceps Femoris [Short Head]

(I'm part of the Hamstrings)
I'm from the lower half: Lower 1/2 of lateral lip of linea aspera

I like to go to the: Head of fibula & lateral condyle of tibia

At work I: Flex the knee & rotate the flexed knee laterally

I enjoy: Perfoming hamstring curls
Superior Extensor Retinaculum
Band, indistinguishable from muscle fascia, running between tibia and fibula on anterior surface of leg, above ankle.
Hello, My Name is:

Tibialis Anterior
I'm from the: Upper 2/3's lateral surface of tibia

I like to go to the: Medial cuneiform bone & base of 1st metatarsal bone

At work I: Dorsiflex the ankle foot & invert the foot

I enjoy: Walking barefoot on the outside of the foot and ice skating
Hello, My Name is:

Extensor Digitorum Longus
I'm from the: Lateral condyle of the upper 3/4's of fibula

I like to go to the: Tops of middle and distal phalanges of four lesser toes

At work I: Extend the four lesser toes, dorsiflex the ankle, and help in eversion of the foot

I enjoy: Having enough strength to maintain balance between the plantar and dorsal flexors
Hello, My Name is:

Extensor Hallucis Longus
I'm from the: Middle half of fibula

I like to go to the: Base of distal phalanx of great toe

At work I: Extendthe great toe, dorsiflex the ankle, & weakly invert the foot

I enjoy: Walking on the heels with the ankle flexed dorsally & toes extended
Hello, My Name is:

Peroneus Tertius
I'm from the: Lower 1/3 of fibula

I like to go to the: Base of 5th metatrasal bone

At work I: Dorsiflex the ankle and evert the foot

I enjoy: Performing weighted eversion towel drags
Hello, My Name is:

Peroneus Longus
I'm form the: Head & upper 2/3's of the fibula

I like to go to the: Base of 1st metatarsal bone & medial cuneiform bone

At work I: Abduct & evert the foot, I also help in plantar flexion

I enjoy: Walking barefoot on the inside of the foot
Hello, My Name is:

Peroneus Brevis
I'm from the: Lower 2/3's of fibula

I like to go to the: Tuberosity on the base of the 5th metatarsal bone

At work I: Evert the foot & plantar flex the ankle

I enjoy: Maintaining the lateral longitudinal arch as it depresses the foot as well as performing eversion exercises
Hello, My Name is:

Gastrocnemius
I'm from the: [Medial Head] Popliteal surface and medial condyle of femur and the [Lateral Head] Lateral condyle of femur

I like to go to the: Tendocalcaneus (Achilles' Tendon) into lower 1/2 of posterior surface of calcaneus

At work I: Plantar flex the foot & flex the knee

I enjoy: Performing heel raising exercises when the knees are in full extension
Hello, My Name is:

Soleus
I'm from the: Proximal 2/3's of the posterior surfaces of the fibula and tibia

I like to go to the: Achilles' tendon into lower 1/2 of posterior surface of calcaneus

At work I: Plantar flex the ankle

I enjoy: Performing heel raises with the knees flexed
Plantaris
O: Lateral supracondylar ridge of femur.
I: Achilles' tendon.
N: Tibial nerve.
A: Plantar flexion of leg & foot.
Hello, My Name is:

Tibialis Posterior
I'm from the: Posterior surfaces of shafts of fibula and tibia

I like to go to the: Lower inner surfaces of the navicular & cuneiform bones, bases of 2nd, 3rd, 4th, & 5th metatarsal bones

At work I: Invert the foot and plantar flex the ankle

I enjoy: Contibuting to Shin Splints and performing heel raises as well as inversion exercises against resistance
Hello, My Name is:

Flexor Digitorum Longus
I'm from the: Middle 1/3 of the posterior surface of the tibia

I like to go to the: Bases of distal phalanges of toes 2-5

At work I: Plantar flex the ankle, invert the foot, & flex the four lesser toes

I enjoy: Helping to maintain the longitudinal arch and walking barefoot with the toes curled down
Hello My Name is:

Flexor Hallucis Longus
I'm from the: Inferior 2/3's of the posterior surface of fibula

I like to go to the: Base of distal phalanx of the great toe

At work I: Flex the great toe, plantar flex the ankle & invert the foot

I enjoy: Walking when the toes are helping to maintain balance with each step
Hello, My Name is:

Popliteus
I'm from the: Posterior surface on lateral condyle of femur

I like to go to the: Upper posterior medial surface of tibia

At work I: Flex the knee and rotate the knee internally as the knee flexes

I enjoy: "Unlocking" the knee joint to flexion (when standing), as well as protecting and stabilizing the knee from forward dislocation of the femur when squatting
Hello My Name is:

Extensor Digitorum Brevis /
Extensor Hallucis Brevis
I'm from the: Calcaneus
I like to go to the: [Extensor Hallucis Brevis]- Base of proximal phalanx of the great toe
[Extensor Digitorum Brevis]- Tendons of extensor digirorum longus to 2-4 toes

At work I: Extend the phalanges of 2-4 toes & extend the great toe at metatarsophalangeal joint

I enjoy: Being intrinsic muscles of the foot & helping in extension of the tarsal joints
Abductor Hallucis

{Layer #1}
O: Medial process of tuberosity of calcaneus.
I: Medial side of proximal phalanx of great toe.
N: Medial plantar nerve.
A: Abduction of great toe.
Abductor Digiti Minimi

(Layer #1)
O: Medial and Lateral processes of tuberosity of calcaneus.
I: Base of proximal phalanx of the 5th toe.
N: Lateral plantar nerve.
A: Abduction of small toe.
Flexor Digitorum Brevis

(Layer #1)
O: Medial process of calcaneal tuberosity.
I: Middle phalanx of toes 2-5.
N: Medial plantar nerve.
A: Aids in flexing distal phalanges 2-5 toes.
Quadratus Plantae

(Layer #2)
O: Calcaneus.
I: Tendon of flexor digitorum longus.
N: Lateral plantar nerve.
A: Flexing distal phalanges of toes 2-5.
Lumbricals {x4}

(Layer #2)
O: From at tibial side [#1] or adjacent sides [#2-4] of flexor digitorum longus tendons to toes 2-5.
I: Tibial side of proximal phalanx of toes 2-5 & tibial side of aponeurotic expansion over distal 2 phalanges of toes 2-5.
N: [1]- Medial plantar nerve. [2-4]- Lateral plantar nerve.
A: Flexes metatarsophalangeal joints of toes 2-5.
Flexor Hallucis Brevis

(Layer #3)
O: Cuboid, middle & lateral cuneiform bones.
I: Medial side of base of proximal phalanx of great toe.
N: Medial plantar nerve.
A: Flexes proximal phalanx of great toe.
Adductor Hallucis
[Oblique Head]

(Layer #3)
O: Lateral cuneiform bone & bases of 3rd & 4th metatarsal bones.
I: Base of proximal phalanx of great toe.
N: Lateral plantar nerve.
A: Adducts great toe.
Adductor Hallucis
[Transverse Head]

(Layer #3)
O: Capsules of lateral four metatarsophalangeal joints.
I: Base of proximal phalanx of the great toe.
N: Lateral plantar nerve.
A: Adducts great toe.
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis

(Layer #3)
O: Base of 5th metatarsal bone.
I: Base of proximal phalanx of 5th toe.
N: Lateral plantar nerver.
A: Flexes proximal phalanx of small toe.
Dorsal Interossei {x4}

(Layer #4)
O: Bipennate, taking origin from adjacent sides of bases & shafts of two metatarsal bones.
I: [1]- Tibial side of base of proximal phalanx of toe 2. [2-4]- Fibular side of base of proximal phalanx of toes 2-4.
N: Lateral plantar nerve.
A: Abducts toes 2-4.
Plantar Interossei {x3}

(Layer #4)
O: Medial side of the base & body of metatarsals 3-5.
I: Medial side of base of proximal phalanx of toes 3-5.
N: Lateral plantar nerve.
A: Adducts toes 3-5.
Hello, My Name is:

Lateral Longitudinal Arch
I'm from the: Calcaneous on the lateral side of the foot

I like to go to the: Cuboid and distal ends of the 4th & 5th metarsals

My arch can be: High, medium, or low
Hello, My Name is:

Transverse Arch
I come from: across the foot from one metarsal bone

I like to go to: the other metarsal bone on the opposite side
Hello, My Name is:

Medial Longitudinal Arch
I come from the: medial side of the foot from the calcaneus bone

I like to go to the: Talus, navicular, 3 cuneiforms & distal end of 3 metatarsals
Hello, My Name is:

Pes Anserinus
You can find me: Where the sartorius, gracilis, & semitendinosus all join together to form a tendinous expansion

I come from the: anteromedial aspect of the proximal tibia below the level of the tibial tuberosity

At work I: enable these muscles to assist with knee flexion, particularly when the knee is flexed and the hip is externally rotated
Hello My Name is:

Lateral Collateral Ligament
I come from: above to the back of the lateral epicondyle of the femur, and from below to the lateral surface of the head of the fibula

At work I: Serve to check extension and prevent motion medially
Hello, My Name is:

Medial Collateral Ligament
I come from: above to the medial epicondyle of the femur and below to the medial condyle of the tibia

At work I: Serve to check extension & prevent motion laterally

I enjoy: being firmly attached to the medial meniscus
Hello, My Name is:

Anterior Cruciate Ligament
I come from: Anterior intercondyloid fossa of the tibia to the back part of the medial surface of the lateral condyle of the femur

At work I: Help check movements at the knee joint and limit extension and prevent rotation in the extended position

I enjoy: Tearing during noncantact rotary forces that are associated with planting and cutting
Hello, My Name is:

Posterior Cruciate Ligament
I'm from the: Posterior intercondyloid fossa of the tibia to the back part of the medial surface of the lateral condyle of the femur

At work I: Help check movements at the knee joint and limit extension and prevent rotation in the extended position

I enjoy: Not being injured often, and being shorter & stronger than the ACL