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77 Cards in this Set

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The __________ is a catch-all term for nearly a thousand years of history: 400-1400 CE
Middle Ages
Another name for the Middle Ages is __________
Medieval Period
The Medieval music scene was dominated by the __________
Church
The popular musicians during the middle ages were known as __________
Jongleurs
True or False: plainchant was written for services involving the commoners
False
Vere Dignum is an example of __________
Plainchant
Plainchant is widely known as __________, for Pope Gregory I, who is reputed to have assembled and organized all the chants for the church in his time.
Gregorian chant
Name the Medieval Modes
Dorian
Phrygian
Lydian
Mixolydian
All plainchant is based on the __________ modes of the scale.
Medieval
An __________ is a plainchant that is melodic in style and does not display many melismas
Antiphon
A __________ is the singing many notes to a single vowel
Melisma
"In Paradisum" is an example of Gregorian __________
Antiphon
There is a plainchant genre called a __________ which includes a series of short tunes sung twice with an extra unit on the end (AA,BB,CC...N)
Sequence
"Columba aspexit" by Hildegard of Bingen is an example of a
Sequence
Over the long span of the Middle Ages, kings and barons gained political power at the expense of the
Church
A new class of musicians arose in the growing courts of the late Medieval period. They were called __________ (S France), __________ (N France), and __________(Germany)
Troubadours (S France)
Trouveres (N France)
Minnesingers (Germany)
How did troubadours differ from jongleurs?
They were noble men and women or worked for the courts.
"La dousa votz" by Bernart de Ventadorn is an example of a __________
Troubadour song
Though very few have survived, the __________ is a dance from the courts of the late Middle Ages which was part of the Trouvere repertoire
Estampie
When did polyphony evolve in Europe?
Late middle ages
The earliest type of polyphony is called __________
Organum
An organum is a traditional plainchant to which a composer has added a new "counterpoint." Does the new counterpoint use the same words, or new words as the original plainchant?
It uses the same words.
Perotin's "Alleluia, Diffusa est gratia" is an example of __________
Organum
An motet is a traditional plainchant to which a composer has added a new "counterpoint." Does the new counterpoint use the same words, or new words as the original plainchant?
It uses new words.
True or false: motets are always sacred
False
True or false: the words for the "new" melody of a motet can use French or Latin
True
True or false: Motet means the same thing in the Medieval period as it does in the Rennaissance
False
After 1300 CE polyphony reached new heights of complexity, and composers began to call this new complexity __________ or "New Art"
Ars Nova
Guillaume de Machaut's "Quant en Moi" is an example of a __________ in the ___________style
Motet; Ars Nova
Ars Nova motets used a rhythmic device called __________, which is the use of a repeated rhythmic motive
Isorhythm
The Renaissance is a period from roughly ______ to _______
1400-1600 CE
The word Renaissance is a word meaning __________
Rebirth
True or false: Renaissance composers were still obliged to use plainchants as a basis for their works
False
5. When Renaissance composers did use a plainchant in their works, they often used a technic called __________, which allowed them to use the essence of the melody, but modify it to their needs
Paraphrase
The hallmarks of the Renaissance style are a blending of __________ and __________
Homophony and Polyphonic Imitation
Guillame DuFay’s “Ave Maris Stella” is an example of a harmonized __________
Hymn
The __________ is the most important service of the Catholic church, and composers wrote music for specific sections of it.
Mass
The 5 musical parts of the Mass are:
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Agnus Dei
A __________ is a French secular song that emerged during the renaissance that displayed a simpler, gentler style than motets
Chanson
Did polyphony get more or less imitative during the period between 1400 and 1500?
More
The “Pange Lingua” Mass is an example of a mass in the __________ style
Renaissance
The first master of the High Renaissance style was __________
Josquin Desprez (Josquin will suffice)
True or false: 17. By the time of Josquin, music was seen as an expressive device for conveying feelings, images, and more
True
True or false: Renaissance composers were very concerned with conveying meaning and emotion in their works
True
True or false: Medieval composers were very concerned with conveying meaning and emotion in their works
False
The two techniuques Renaissance composers used to add meaning and impact to the words of their pieces were __________ and __________
Declamation and Word Painting
The Renaissance style was universal enough that it included composers
a. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina from __________
b. Roland de Lassus from __________
Tomas Luis de Victoria from __________
d. William Byrd from __________
Italy
Netherlands/Germany
Spain
England
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s “Pope Marcellus” Mass is an example of a mass in the late __________ style
Renaissance
True or false: 7. The 16th Century Motet is much different than the motet composed in the 15th century.
True
The ____ century __________ is a relatively short, generally sacred composition to Latin words that used the homophony and imitative polyphony that mark the Renaissance style.
16th century motet
The ideal of music as expression saw the most progress in a new Italian genre called a __________
Madrigal
The __________ originated in Italy in around 1530 and is a short composition set to a one-stanza poem – typically a love poem – with a rapid turnover of ideas and images
Madrigal
The English Madrigal is essentially similar to the Italian madrigal, but with a couple key differences: __________ and __________
English words
Popular in the 1600 (much later)
“As Vesta Was from Latmos Hill Descending” by Thomas Weelkes is an example of a __________
Madrigal
True or false; because so much emphasis in the Renaissance period was on vocal music, instruments like the violin did not begin to mature until the Baroque period
False
True or false: In the late Renaissance the Madrigal was the most “advanced” form of music when it came to expression
True
True or false: in mainland Europe in the early 1600s there began a reaction against the madrigal as it became all the rage in England
True
Early baroque critics attacked __________ as childish and ineffective in conveying emotion
Word painting
In the early baroque, music was often written that employed a __________, which was a group of musicians who provided improvised accompaniment to a given melody
Basso continuo
In the early baroque a repeating bass line was known as (a) __________
Basso ostinato (or) Ground Bass
__________ sees it’s debut with Claudio Menteverdi’s The Coronation of Poppea in 1642
Opera
The opera was made possible with the invention of a technique called __________ in which the singer “recites” sections of text to move the story along
Recitative
A(n) __________ is an extended opera piece set for solo singer.
Aria
__________ is drama presented in music
Opera
One of the overriding characteristics of Baroque music is the balance of __________ and ___________
Extravagance and Control
__________ is the most characteristic art form of the Baroque period
Opera
Who wrote the first opera in 1607?
(Claudio) Monteverdi
Our example from The Coronation of Poppea is an example of Baroque opera __________ and __________
Recitative and Aria
Opera was made possible with the invention of a technique called __________, in which the singer “recites” sections of text to move the story along
Recitative
__________ is an extended piece for solo singer with more musical elaboration and coherence than recitative
Aria
“Dido’s Lament” from Dido and Aeneas is an example of a baroque opera __________
Aria
Baroque instrumental music gained popularity in collections of dances called __________
Suites
True or false: Baroque dance suites were used for evening dances in the courts of the noblemen
Fals
Instrumental music gained its inspiration from three sources: __________, __________, and __________
Dance, Virtuousity, and Vocal music
Polyphony became popular in instrumental music in the form of the __________, which is a strict imitative form of polyphony
Fugue
Instrumental composers wrote sets of __________, or pieces in which each section repeats certain musical elements while changing others around them
Variations
Girolamo Frescobaldi’s Suite is an example of a baroque dance __________
Suite