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68 Cards in this Set

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Sound vibrations: sound travels in_______
Waves
Waves have _________ (how fast they happen) measured in Herts (Hz)
Frequency
We hear frequency as ______
Pitch
The relative strength of the sound wave is known as amplitude, and is perceived by our ears as _______ (relative loudness or softness)
Dynamics
The word for a loud dynamic (Italian for "strong") is ______
Forte
The word for a soft dynamic is ________
Piano
The word for the general "quality" of sound is ________
Timbre or Tone Color
True or false: our ears are very good at distinguishing timbre
True
A vibrating body (like a string) produces unique _________ which our ears hear as timbre
Overtones
Another word for overtones is _______ because different "portions" of the vibrating body vibrate independently.
Partials
The basic unit of musical time is the _______
Beat
Generally, the beat is expressed in music notation as a __________
Quarter note
We can stress beats by making the louder or stronger. This is called ________ the beat.
Accenting
________ refers to the repeated patterns of accented and unaccented beats.
Meter
In music notation, we write the pattern of strong and weak beats as a ______ or ________
Bar or Measure
These lines separate bars or measures: _____________
Bar Lines
Simple meter is based on how many beats in a measure?
2 or 3
__________ is the accenting of a beat not normally accented. For instance, “Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer.”
Syncopation
_________ is the placing different subdivisions of the beat against each other. For instance, 2 against 3
Hemiola
The time aspect of music has a speed, and we call it _______
Tempo
In music notation, the speed aspect of the music is notated with ________ markings
Metronome markings
We do not use all the pitches. We use only a limited number of them and group them into a collection called a _______
Scale
Originally, the musical scales of Western cultures only used how many notes?
7
The distance between two pitches is called a(n) _________
Interval
The _________ is a special interval that sounds like the smae note, only higher.
Octave
The scale originally used in western music is called the _________ scale
Diatonic
Through time, 5 more pitches were added to the diatonic scale, making the __________ scale
Chromatic
The sharp sign (#) _______ a note by a half step
Raises
The flat sign (b) _______ a note by a half step
Lowers
The chromatic scale is made up of all ________________, which are the smallest interval in western music.
Half steps
A whole step is equivalent to two _____________
Half Steps
The five lines on which western music is written is called the __________
Staff
The ______ is the "key" to reading a staff and understanding what notes are on each line.
Clef
A ____________ is a way of telling the musician which notes are flat and sharp without writing them out on every note.
Key signature
An organized series of pitches is called a ________
Melody
Define melody
An organized series of pitches
A _________ is a special kind of melody that is easily singable.
Tune
Tunes (in fact most melodies) can be broken up into ____________, much like sentences
Phrases
Many phrases are paired/duplicated with similar phrases, making a musical ___________
Sequence
Melodies have a high point, known as a __________
Climax
Melodies have stopping points known as __________
Cadences
Larger pieces of music use fragments of melodies as their building blocks. These fragments are known as ___________
Motives
____________ refers to the general topic of a piece.
Theme
The resulting sound that happens when two or more notes are played at the same time is called ___________
Harmony
Different combinations of harmony resulting from 2 OR MORE notes at the same time are called
Chords
Harmony that sounds good is referred to as __________
Consonant
Harmony that sounds bad is referred to as __________
Dissonant
It is common in western music for dissonance to be __________ into consonance.
Resolved
_____________ is the name given to the KIND of harmony or accompaniment in music.
Texture
The FOUR kinds of musical textures are:
Monophony, Heterophony, Homophony, and Polyphony
The major instruments in the string family are (4):
Violin, Viola, Cello, and Bass
The major insturments in the woodwind family are (5):
Flute, Clarinet, Oboe, Bassoon, Saxophone
The major instruments in the brass family are (4):
Trumpet, Trombone, Horn, Tuba
The general sense of a “home” pitch in music is known as ________
Tonality
The music that exhibits the tendancy towards a "home" pitch is called ________ music
Tonal
The pitch that sounds like home in tonal music is called
Tonic
Music based on the “do” of the diatonic scale is said to be in the ________ mode of the scale.
Major
Music based on the “la” of the diatonic scale is said to be in the ________ mode of the scale.
Minor
Music that uses the diatonic scale in some way other than major and minor is called ________ music.
Modal
The general structure of music is known as _______.
Form
Musical history is divided into major divisions called ______________.
Style periods
List the 6 style periods we have discussed:
1. The Medieval Period (aka the Middle Ages)
2. The Renaissance
3. The Baroque period
4. The Classical period
5. The Romantic period
6. The 20th Century
When was the Medieval period?
400-1400 CE
When was the Renaissance?
1400-1600 CE
When was the Baroque period?
1600-1750 CE
When was the Classical period?
1750-1825 CE
When was the Romantic period?
1825-1900 CE
The technique of plucking the string of a violin to produce a sound is called _______.
Pizzicato