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33 Cards in this Set

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tissue
group of similar cells working together to do a specific job.

Types: muscle, skin, adipose (fat), and nerve.
organs
structures composed of several kinds of tissue.

Types: brain, kidneys, heart, bones and joints
systems
group of organs working together to perform complex functions.

Types: digestive system (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small/large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas.
pleural cavity
space between the membranes that surrounds each lung.
*located within the thoracic cavity
mediastinum
area between the lungs.
*located within the thoracic cavity
peritoneum
double-fold membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity.
diaphragm
a muscular wall that aids in breathing, separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
disc or disk
a small pad of cartilage located between each vertebra in the spinal column.
anterior (ventral)
front of body
anter/o-
front
posterior (dorsal)
back of body
poster/o-
back of body; behind
post-
after;behind
deep
away from surface
superficial
on the surface
supra-
above; upper
distal
far from the point of attachment to trunk; farthest from the center, from a medial line or from the trunk
dist/o-
far; distant
proximal
situated nearest the midline; nearest the point of attachment, center of the body or point of reference.
proxim/o-
near
inferior
below another structure.
superior
above another structure
lateral
pertaining to the side
later/o-
side
medial
pertaining to the middle
medi/o-
middle
supine
lying on the back
prone
lying on the belly
transverse
cross section
caudal
towards the lower part of the body
caud/o-
tail; lower part of body
genetic disorders
a disease or cindition caused by defective genes occuring at any point in life.

Example: Cystic Fibrosis, Down Syndrome,Muscular Dystrophy, Hemophilia
congenital disorders
existing as such at birth