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237 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
acous/acouso-
hearing
aden/adeno-
gland
adip/adipo-
fat
alge/algesi-
pain
arteri/arterio-
artery
arth/arthro
joint,articulation
-ase
enzyme
bacteri/bacterio
bacteria
blast/blasto-
germ
bleph/blepharo
eyelid
brachi/brachio-
arm
bronch/bronchi-
bronchus/lungs
bucc/bucco-
cheek
carcin/carcino-
cancer
cardi/cardio-
heart
cephal/cephalo-
head
chem/chemo-
chemistry/drug
chol-
bile
chondria/chondro
cartilage
col/colo/colono-
colon
costo
ribs
crani/cranio-
skull
cyst/cysti/cysto-
bladder
cyt/cyto-
cell
-cyte
cell
derm/derma
skin
gloss/glosso
tongue
gnath/gnatho
jaw
Abduction
Movement of a limb away from the midline of the body
Adduction
Movement of a limb towards the midline of the body
Ablate
To remove (ablate a tumor)
Abscess
A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body
Acquired
Anything not present at birth but develops later in life
Acute
Of abrupt onset, in need of urgent care
Adenoma
A benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular Tissue
Aerobic/Anaerobic
With oxygen/ without oxygen
Afferent
Carrying towards
Agenesis
Lack of development of something (agenesis of a toe would mean that the toe didn't grow in)
Agonist
A drug that binds to a receptor and triggers a response. An agonist produces an action. It is the opposite of an antagonist which acts against and blocks an
Anaphylaxis
Allergic reaction
Alveoli
Tiny air sacs in the lungs. The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place in the alveoli which look like cells in a honeycomb.
Amenorrhea
Abscence of cessation of mentruation (pregnancy is likely)
Analgesia
Inability to feel pain while still conscious
Androgen
A male sex hormone, the main androgen is testosterone
Anemia
Having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. The oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is, therefore, decreased.
Anergy
A state of immune unresponsiveness. Induced when the T cell's antigen receptor is stimulated, effectively freezing T cell responses
Aneurysm
A localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart.
Angina
Chest pain due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to the heart muscle. The chest pain of angina is typically severe and crushing.
Antegrade/Anterograde
Moving forward as in blood flow, or memory
Antibiotic
A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms.
Antibody
-Immunoglobulin (protein)
-produced w/presence of antigen
-combines w/antigen
-Production carried out by B Cell Lymphocytes (WBC) and are very important to the immune system
Antigen
A substance that is capable of causing the production of an antibody
Anticoagulant
Blood thinner
Antiseptic
Something that discourages the growth of microorganisms.
Apnea
Period of time when breathing is stopped or markedly reduced (sleep apnea)
Arrhythmia
Abnorma Heart Beat
Atrophy
Wasting away or diminution. Muscle atrophy is wasting of muscle, decrease in muscle mass.
Cistodes
Tapeworms
B Cell
A type of white blood cell and, specifically, a type of lymphocyte. Mature in bone marrow
Babinski Reflex
An important neurologic test based upon what the big toe does when the sole of the foot is stimulated. If the big toe goes up, that may mean trouble. activated by CNS
Bacteremia
The presence of live bacteria in the bloodstream. Bacteremia is analogous to viremia (the presence of a virus in the blood) and parasitemia (the presence of a parasite in the blood).
Bariatrics
form of medicine concerned with weight loss
Barium
Chalky substances drank by patients to show up in x-rays
Baskerville Effect
A fatal heart attack triggered by extreme psychological stress.
toc-
having to do with childbirth
pneumo-
related to lungs
phlebo-
related to veins
oto-
ear
osteo
bones
onycho-
nails
oligo-
means few
neo-
meaning new,young, fresh
melan-
meaning dark or black
macro-/mega-
large or long
Micro-
small
litho-
stone
levo-
left side
leuko-
white
hypo-
low
hyper-
means high
homo-
the same
hetero-
means different
dextro-
on the right side
brady-
slow
bucc/bucco-
cheek
carcin/carcino
cancer
cata-
down
cyt/cyto-
cell
dactyl-
digit
erythr/erythro-
red
eu-
good/well
gloss/glosso-
tongue
glott/glotto-
opening
hepat/hepato-
liver
hidr/hidro-
sweat
hist/histo-
tissue
hydr/hydro-
water
hypo-
below normal
hyper-
above normal
hyster/hystero-
uterus
infra-
below
-ismus
spasm/contraction
-itis
inflammation
-ium
structure/tissue
Karyo-
nucleus
kerat/kerato-
cornea
lacrim/lacrimo-
tear
laryng/laryngo-
larynx
-lepsis/lepsy
seizure
leuk/leuko-
white
lip/lipo-
fat
mast/masto-
breast
melan/melano-
black
mes/meso-
middle
mening-
meninges
meta-
after/behind
muscul/myo-
muscle
myc/myco-
fungus
myel/myelo-
bone marrow/spinal chord
neph/nephro-
kidney
neur/neuro-
nerve
occulo-
eye
odont/odonto-
teeth
olig/oligo-
few/little
-oma
tumor
orth/ortho-
straight/normal/correct
osseo/ossi/ost/osteo-
bone
-penia
deficiency
phago-/-phagy/-phage
eating, devouring
-phil/-philia
attraction for
phelb/phlebo-
vein
phon/phono-
sound
phren/phreni-
diaphragm
-plasia
formation/development
pleur/pleuro-
rib
pneum/pneuma-
lung/air
pod/podo-
foot
proct/procto-
anus/rectum
rachi/rachio-
spine
ren/reno-
kidney
retro-
backward/behind
rhin/rhino-
nose
-rrhage
burst forth
rrhagia-
discharge
-rrhea
flowing
-rrhexis
rupturing
sarco-
muscular/fleshlike
scler/sclero-
hardness
scoli/scolio-
twisted
sial/sialo-
saliva
somat/somato-
body/bodily
splen/spleno-
spleen
spondyl/spondylo-
vertebra
-stasis
stop/stand
steno-
narrowness/constriction
stom/stoma/stomat-
mouth
-stomy
creat an opening
thorac/thorac-
chest
thromb/thrombo-
blood clot
toco-
childbirth
-tony
tension
tox/toxo-
toxin/poison
trich/tricho-
hair/hairlike structure
vas/vaso-
duct/blood vessel
vasculo-
blood vessel
Benign
Not cancer. Not malignant. A benign tumor does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts of the body.
Beriberi
A syndrome characterized by inflammation of multiple nerves (polyneuritis), heart disease (cardiopathy), and edema (swelling) due to a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1) in the diet.
Beta Cell
A type of cell in the pancreas that makes insulin.
Bilateral
Having, or relating to, two sides
Bile
A yellow-green fluid that is made by the liver, stored in the gallbladder and passes through the common bile duct into the duodenum where it helps digest fat. The principal components of bile are cholesterol, bile salts, and the pigment bilirubin.
Atresia
Absence of a normal opening or failure of a structure to be tubular.
Biliary Atresia
Congenital absence or closure of the major bile ducts, the ducts that drain bile from the liver.
Cirrhosis
An abnormal liver condition characterized by irreversible scarring of the liver. Alcohol and viral hepatitis B and C are among the many causes of cirrhosis. Cirrhosis can cause yellowing of the skin
Jaundice
Sign that the liver is failing. Not a disease but rather a sign that can occur in many different diseases. Jaundice is the yellowish staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) that is caused by high levels in blood of the chemical bilirubin.
Biopsy
The removal of a sample of tissue for purposes of diagnosis (check for cancer etc.)
Blastocyst
A thin-walled hollow structure in early embryonic development that contains a cluster of cells called the inner cell mass from which the embryo arises.
Blastoma
A tumor thought to arise in embryonic tissue.
Beta Blockers
A class of drugs that block beta-adrenergic substances such as adrenaline (epinephrine), a key agent in the "sympathetic" portion of the autonomic (involuntary) nervous system.
Boil
A skin abscess, a collection of pus localized deep in the skin. A boil usually starts as a reddened, tender area and in time becomes firm and hard.
Botox
It acts by blocking the transmission of nerve impulses to muscles and so paralyzing the muscles
Brachycephaly
A short head, one that is short in diameter from front to back. Frequent feature of syndromes of congenital malformation (birth defect complexes) including Down syndrome (trisomy 21).
Brachydactyly
Short Stubby Fingers.Frequent feature of syndromes of congenital malformation (birth defect complexes) including Down syndrome (trisomy 21).
Bradycardia
A slow heart rate, usually defined as less than 60 beats per minute.
Bradykinesia
Slowed ability to start and continue movements, and impaired ability to adjust the body's position. Can be a symptom of neurological disorders, particularly Parkinson's disease, or a side effect of medications.
Brady-
slow
Brachy-
short
-phrenia
mental disorder (mind)
apnea
Temporary absence or cessation of breathing
Boil
A skin abscess, a collection of pus localized deep in the skin. A boil usually starts as a reddened, tender area and in time becomes firm and hard.
Botox
It acts by blocking the transmission of nerve impulses to muscles and so paralyzing the muscles
Bunion
A localized painful swelling at the base of the big toe (the great toe). The joint is enlarged (due to new bone formation) and the toe is often misaligned.
Bypass
An operation in which a surgeon creates a new tubular pathway for the movement of fluids and/or other substances in the body.
Cachectic
Having cachexia, physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass due to disease. Patients with advanced cancer, AIDS, and some other major chronic progressive diseases may appear cachectic.
Cadaver
A dead human body that may be used by physicians and other scientists to study anatomy..
chronic
repeated and longstanding symptom or disorder
bursa
A thin fluid-filled sac that reduces friction forces between tissues of the body.
Calcified Granuloma
A granuloma containing calcium deposits. Since it usually takes some time for calcium to be deposited in a granuloma, it is generally assumed that a calcified granuloma is an old granuloma.
Granuloma
One of a number of forms of localized nodular inflammation found in tissues. The fact that a granuloma is localized is important.
Cardiac Arrest
A medical emergency with absent or inadequate contraction of the left ventricle of the heart that immediately causes bodywide circulatory failure. The signs and symptoms include loss of consciousness; rapid shallow breathing progressing to apnea
Alopecia
Hair Loss
Amenorrhea
Missed Menstrual Period
Arthralgia
Joint Pain
Hyperventilation
Breathlessness
Cephalgia
Headache
Coccydynia
Inflammation of the bony area (tailbone or coccyx) located between the buttocks is referred to as coccydynia.
Conjunctivitis
(Pinkeye) the redness or irritation of the membranes (conjunctivae) on the inner part of the eyelids and the membranes covering the whites of the eyes.
Contusion
Another name for a bruise. Caused when blood vessels are damaged or broken as the result of a blow to the skin
Dermatitis
Rash
Dysuria
Burning urine
Dyspepsia
"indigestion" symptoms of upper abdominal pain (above the navel), belching, nausea (with or without vomiting), abdominal bloating etc..
Dyspareunia
Pain in the vagina or the female external genital organs (the vulva, which includes the labia, clitoris, and entrance to the vagina) most commonly is a result of infection.
Dysmenorrhea
Menstrual cramps are the cramping in the lower abdomen, usually in the first or second day of the menstrual cycle.
Dry Heaves
Nausea- the sensation that there is a need to vomit. Nausea can be acute and short-lived, or it can be prolonged.
Eczema
Rash
Ecchymosis
Easy Bruising
Edema
Leg Swelling
Epistaxis
Bloody Nose
Exanthem
a widespread rash, usually of viral origin, and usually occurring in children. It represents either a reaction to a toxin produced by the organism, damage to the skin by the organism or an immune response
Erythema
An abnormal redness of the skin caused by capillary congestion. It is one of the cardinal signs of inflammation.
Hematuria
Blood in urine
Hematospermia
Blood in sperm
Hematemesis
Blood in vomit
Palpitation
An awareness of the beating of the heart. Palpitations may be brought on by overexertion, adrenaline, alcohol, disease (such as hyperthyroidism) or drugs, or as a symptom of panic disorder.
Urinary Incontinence
The unintentional loss of urine. Incontinence results from an inability to hold urine in the bladder
Icterus
Jaundice
Impotence
Common problem among men characterized by the consistent inability to sustain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse or the inability to achieve ejaculation, or both.
Menorrhea
Vaginal Bleeding
Opthalmalgia
Eye Pain
Paresthesia
Numbness
Pharyngitis
Sore Throat
Pleurisy
Inflammation of the linings around the lungs (the pleura). Characterized by pain in the chest with breathing.
Pruritis
Itch
Pyrosis
Heartburn/indigestion
Hyperventilation
Overbreathing. Can cause dizziness, lightheadedness, etc.
Tinnitus
Ringing in the ears, often accompanied by hearing loss.
Tussis
Cough
Veritgo
Dizziness, a spinning sensation.