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43 Cards in this Set

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Software that handles all application operations between browser-based computers and a company's back-end business applications or databases
Application server
Company providing software that can be rented by other companies over the web or a private network
Application service provider (ASP)
Effort to develop systems that can manage themselves without user intervention
Autonomic computing
Entire computer that fits on a sing, thin card (or blade) and that is lplugged into a single chassis to save space and power and reduce complexity
Blade servers
The user point of entry for the required function in client/server computing, Normally a desktop computer, workstation, or laptop computer
Clients
A model for computing that splits processing between clients and servers on a network, assigning functions functions to the machine most able to perform the function
Client/server computing
Method for distributing the computing load (or work) across many layers of internet computers to minimize response time
Edge computing
Software that works with specific software platforms to tie together multiple applications to support enterprise integration
Enterprise application integration (EAI) software
The foundation technology for web services, developed in 1996 by the World Wide Web Consortium
Extensible Markup Lanaguage(XML)
Applying the resources of many computers in a network to a single problem
Grid computing
Page description language for creating web pages and othewr hypermedia documents
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
Programming language that can deliver only the software functionality needed for a particular task, such as a small applet downloaded from a network; it can run on any computer and operating system
Java
A system that has been in exsistence for a long time and that continues to be used to avoid the high cost of replacing or redesigning it
Legacy Systems
Reliable and compactly designed operating system that is an offshoot of Unix, that can run on many different hardware platforms, and that is available for free or at very low cost. Used as an alternative to Unix and Microsft Windows NT
Linux
Largest category of computer, used for major business processing
Mainframe
Software that connects two disparate applications, enabling them to communicate with each other and to exchange data
Middleware
Middle-range computer used in systems for universities, factories, or research laboratories
Minicomputers
Assertion that the number of components on a chip doubles each year
Moore's Law
Client/server network in which the work of the entire network is balanced over several different levels of servers
Multitiered (N-tier) client/server architecture
Technology that builds structures and processes based on the manipulation of individual atoms and molecules
Nanotechnology
Firms off-loading pack demand for computing power to remote, large-scale data processing centers, investing just enough to handle average processing loads and paying for only as much additional computing power as the market demands. Also called utility computing
On-demand computing
Software that provides free access to its program code, aloowing usedrs to modify the program code to make improvements or fix errors
Open-source software
The system software that manages and controls activites of the computer
Operating systems
The practice of contracting computer center operations, telecommunicationsnetworks, or applications developement to external vendors
Outsourcing
The capability of a computer, product, or system to expand ti serve a karge number of users without breaking down
Scalability
Computer specifically optimized to provide software and other resources to other computers over a network
Server
Largegroup of servers maintained by a commercial vender and made available to subscribers for electronic commerce and other activities requireing heavy use of servers
Server farms
Software architecture of a firm built on a collection of software programs that communicate with each other to perform assigned tasks to create a working software application
Service-oriented architecture (SOA)
Set of rulesthat allows web services applications to pass data and instructionsto one another
Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)
A prewritten, precoded, commercially available set of programs that eliminates the need to write software programs for certain functions
Software package
A high-speed network dedicated to storage that connects different kinds of storage devices, such as tape libraries and disk arrays, so they can be shared by multiple servers
Storage area network (SAN)
Specifications that establish the compatibility of products and the ability to communicate in a network
Technology standards
Designates the total cost of owning technology resources, including initial purchase costs, the cost of hardware and software upgrades, maintenance, technical support, and training
Total cost of ownership (TCO)
A framework that enables a web service to be listed in a directory of web services so that it can be easily located by other organizations and systems
Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration (UDDI)
Operating system for all types of computers that is machine independent and supports multiuser processing, multitaskingm and networking. Used in high-end workstations and servers
Unix
Model of computing in which companies pay only for the information technology resources they actually use during a specified time period. Also called a on-demand computing or usage-based pricing
Utility computing
An easy-to-use software tool for accessing the WWW and the internet
Web browser
Company with large web server computers used to maintain the web sites of fee-paying subscribers
web hosting service
Software that manages requests for web pages on the computer where they are stored and that delivers the page to the user's computer
web server
Set of universal standards using internet technology for integrating different applications from different sources without time-consuming custom coding. Used for linking systems of different organizations or for linking disparate systems within the same organization
Web services
Common framework for describing the tasks performed by a web service so that the service can be used by other applications
Web Services Description Language (WSDL)
Microsoft family of operating systems for both network servers and client computers
Windows
Any computer that uses Intel microprocessors (or compatible processors) and a Windows operating system
Wintel PC