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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Specialized tasks performed in a business organization, including manufacturing and production, sales and marketingm finance and accounting, and human resources.
Business Functions
The unique way in which organizations coordinate and organize work activities, information, and knowledge to produce a produect or service
Business processes
Physical devices and software that link various computer hardware components and transfer data fro one physical location to another
Communication technology
Additional assets required to derive value from a primary investment
Complementary assets
Information systems that rely on computer hardware and software for processing and disseminating information
Computer-based information systems
Physical equipment used for input, processing, and output activities in an information system
Computer hardware
Knowledge about information technology, focusing on understanding how computer-based technologies work
Computer literacy
Detailed, preprogrammed instructions that control and coordinate the work of computer hardware components in an information system
Computer software
Streams of raw facts representing events occuring in organizations or the physical environment before they have been organized and orranged into a form that people can understand and use
Data
People such as secretaries or bookkeepers who process the organization's paperwork
Data workers
Organization in which nearly all significant business processes and relationships with customers, suppliers, and employees are digitally enabled and key corporate assets are managed through digital means
Digital Firm
Use of the internet and related technologies in digitally enable government and public sector agencies' relationships with citizensm businesses, and other arms of government
E-government
The use of the internet and digital technology to execute all the business processe in the enterprise. Includes e-commerce as well as processes for the internal management of the firm and for coordination with suppliers and other business partners.
Electronic business (e-business)
The process of buying and selling goods and services electronically, involving transactions using the internet, networks, and other digital technologies
Electronic commerce (e-commerce)
Private intranet that is accessible to authorizzed outsiders
Extranets
Output that is returned to the appropriate members of the organization to help them evaluate or correct input
Feedback
System resting on accepted and fixed definitions of data and procedures, operating with predefined rules
Formal Sytems
Data that have been shaped into a form that is meaningful and useful to human beings
Information
Interrelated components working together to collect, process, store, and disseminate information to support decision making, coordinationm control, analysism and visualization in an organization
Information systems
Broad-based understanding of information systems that includes behavioral knowlege about organizations and individuals using information systems as well as technical knowledge about computers
Information systems literacy
Computer hardware, software, data, storage technology, and networks providing a portfolio of shared IT resources for the organization
Information technology (IT) infrastruture
The capture or collection of raw data from within the organization or from its external environment for processing in an information system
Input
International network of networks that is a collection of hundreds of thousands of private and public networks
Internet
An internal network based on internet and world wide web technology and standards
Intranets
Products that require a great deal of learning and knowledge to produce
Knowledge- and information-intensive products
People such as engineers or arcitechswho design products or services and create knowledge for the organization
Knowledge workers
The study of information systems focusing on their use in business and management
MIS
People in the middle of the organizational hierarchy who are responsible for carrying out the plabs abd gaols of senior management
Middle Managers
The linking of two or more computers to share data or resources, such as a printer
Network
People who monitor the day-to-day activities of the computer
Operational managers
investments in organization and management such as new business processes, management behavior, organizational culture, or training
Organizational and management capital
The distribution of processed information to the people who will use it or to the activities for which it will be used
Output
The conversion, manipulation, and analysis of raw input into a form that is more meaningful to humans
Processing
People who who actually produce the products or services of the organization
Production or service workers
People occupying the topmost hierarchy in an organization who are responisble for making long-range decisions.
Senior managers
Optimal organizational performance is achieved by jointly optimizing both the social and technical systems used in production; view
Sociotechnical view
Physical media and software governing the storage and organization of data for use in an information systems
Storage technology
All of the World Wide Web pages maintained by an organization or an individual
Web site
A system with universally accepted standards for storing, retrieving, formatting, and displaying, information in a networked environment
World Wide Web