Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
List sites in the human body that carry normal resident microbes
mucous membranes &skin
upper resp. tract
GI tract
Outer openings of Urethra
External Genitals
Vagina
This bacteria is the first to colonize and is a Flora of the Respiratory Tract
Oral streptoccocus
Is a bacteria on the tonsils and lower pharnx is considered of the Flora of the Respiratory Tract
Haemophilus
Is a flora at the nasal entrance ,vestibule, and anterior nasopharynx apart of respiratory tract
S.aureous
a flora on the mucous membranes of the nassopharynx part of respiratory tract
Neisseria
What are some factors that weaken hosts defenses cause infection during pregnancy
old&infancy
Genetic defects
surgery or transplant
cancer,liver malf,diabetes
organic diseases
chemo therapy
immunosuppressive drugs
stress
etc.
List some pathogens that may cross the placenta during pregnancy
Syphilis
Toxioplasmosis
Other diseases
Rubella
Cytomegalovirus
Bacterial flora benefit host by preventing overgrowth of harmful microbes
Microbial antagonism
introducing known microbes back into the body
probiotics
capable of causing disease in healthy people with normal immune defenses
true pathogens
causes disease when the hosts defenses are compromised or when they grow in part of the body thats not natural to them
opportunistic pathogen
toxic to white blood cells
leukocidins
accumulation of fluid
edema
microorganisms are multiplyingin the blood and present in large numbers
septicemia
long term or permanent damage to tissues or organs
sequelae
tests that can be used to identify and determine the amount of an antibody in a serum
titer
not necessary to the life cycle of an infectious agent and merely transports it without being infected
mechanical vector
actually participate in a pathogens life cycle
biological vectors
an infection indigenous to animals but naturally transmissable to humans
zoonosis
when an infected host can transmit the infectious agent to another host and establish infection in that host
communicable disease