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55 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
diaphysis
long shaft of a long bone
epiphysis
located at each end of the long shaft of a long bone
periosteum
tough membrane covering a bone
compact bone
outer, hard portion of a bone
spongy bone
inner, lighter portion of a bone
medullary cavity
inner cavity of the long shaft of a long bone
trebeculae
spongy network found within spongy bone
red marrow
soft tissue found in the spongy bone
yellow marrow
soft tissue found primarily in the medullary cavity
articular cartilage
covers ends of oppossing bones in synovial joint
bursae
fluid-filled sacs the help reduce friction and act as shock absorbers
tendons
bands of strong, fibrous tissue that attach muscle to bone
ligaments
connect bones or cartilage and support and strengthen joint
axial skeleton
portion of skeleton forming the vertical axis of the body (skull, spinal column, sternum, and ribs)
appendicular skeleton
portion of skeleton that includes the free appendages and their attachments
cranium
skull
vertebral, spinal column
attached to base of skull
vertebra
individual bone component of the spinal column
26
number of vertebrae
cervical vertebrae (7)
vertebra making up the top portion of the spinal column (and their number)
thoracic vertebrae (12)
vertebrae in the middle portion of the spinal column to which the ribs are attached (and their number)
lumbar vertebrae (5)
vertebrae in the lower back (and their number)
sacrum
vertebrae made up of 5 fused bones
coccygeal vertebrae
bone at the base of the spinal column composed of 4 fused bones
ribs
pairs of bones attached to the thoracic vertebrae
true ribs (7)
ribs joined directly to the breastbone (and their number on one side)
false ribs (3)
ribs joined indirectly to the breastbone (and their number on one side)
floating ribs
ribs that are not joined to the breastbone (and their number on one side)
costa
formal name of a rib
costal cartilage
membrane joining ribs with breastbone
sternum
formal name for breastbone
xiphoid process
lowermost part of the sternum
shoulder girdle
forms the attachment of the arms to the axial skeleton
clavicle
collarbone
scapula
shoulder blade
humerus
upper arm bone
ulna
inner lower arm bone
radius
outer lower arm bone
carpus
wrist
carpals
bones of the wrist
metacarpals
bones of the hand or palm
phalanges
bones of the fingers or toes
pelvic girdle
forms the attachment of the legs to the axial skeleton
ilium
largest of the three hipbones
ischium
posterior bone of the hipbone
pubis
anterior bone of the hipbone
pubic symphysis
interpubic joint where two pubis bones meet
femur
thigh bone
patella
kneecap
tibia
shin bone
fibula
calf bone
tarsus
ankle
tarsals
bones of the ankle
metatarsals
bones of the foot
calcaneus
heel bone (part of ankle)